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Duke Heart Pulse – July 31st 2022

Highlights of the week:

Beckerman Joins Division of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Faculty

Ziv Beckerman

We are pleased to welcome Ziv Beckerman, MD, congenital and aortic surgeon, to the Duke faculty in the division of cardiovascular and thoracic surgery of the Department of Surgery. He will serve as a vital member of the pediatric heart surgery team along with Drs. Joe Turek and Nick Andersen. His position was effective July 1. Beckerman joins the team after having served as the surgical director of the Adult Congenital Heart Disease Program at the Texas Center for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease at Dell Children’s Medical Center in Austin.

Beckerman, who was born in Israel, says he had always known he wanted to work in the field of medicine, but had been unsure in what capacity. After turning 18, he was required to serve in the Israeli Defense Force and spent three years as a medic assigned to a combat unit. It was during this time tending to a variety of injuries and trauma, that he realized caring for patients was a passion and that he wanted to do it for the rest of his life. Upon completion of his military service to Israel, he started medical school in Hungary at the Medical University of Debrecen. Beckerman went on to complete residency in cardiac surgery at the Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine at Technion Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa. He then completed fellowships in Congenital Heart at Sheba Medical Center (Israel); Congenital Heart at Baylor College of Medicine, and in Advanced Aortic Surgery at Emory.

Once he began medical school, Beckerman says he knew from the get-go that he wanted to be a heart surgeon.

“Nothing in the body can function well without a well-functioning heart,” says Beckerman. “It is the most amazing organ and the source of life. Unfortunately, I had a few friends who died because of injuries to their chest and hearts. As I began my training, it was clear to me that this was where I’d place my focus.

“I have always, always felt that if you want to do something and really understand it, you should do it from the very beginning,” he added. “This is why I trained to care for the youngest patients – babies with congenital heart defects and even those still in the womb. If you’re able to take care of problems early enough – perhaps even before they start, then you’re on the way to success.”

Beckerman trained in congenital heart surgery and has dedicated his career to that, but he also decided to take a somewhat unusual path by completing advanced training in aortic surgery. It made great sense to do this, he says, because of the population of adults with congenital heart problems.

In the United States, Beckerman says, there are two types of congenital patients. They are either pediatric congenital patients who were born with identifiable heart defects or they are adult congenital patients. Of the adults, they are either people who were identified and treated as children or they are patients who were never diagnosed in childhood and they are now symptomatic adults. Either way, he says, these patients have complex needs.

Interestingly, there are actually more adults in the U.S. with congenital heart defects than there are kids, adds Beckerman. He says this population is comprised of well over two million people.

“When I thought about this patient subset and the problems they would have – many of them have aortic problems such as issues with dilation or problems with the aortic valve. Most of these adult patients end up as very, very complex surgical candidates,” he says. “So it made a lot of sense to me to train in aortic surgery. I think having this skill set that allows me to care for patients from fetal life all the way to adulthood is special in what it allows me to do, and it is something I feel very passionate about.”

He says that Duke offers an excellent space in which to care for patients. An issue the medical community experiences with congenital patients is “people falling through the cracks” during the transition from childhood to adulthood.

“We frequently lose patients during this transition into adulthood. They’re young adults, they feel strong and healthy, and decide to move away for college or a new job. Unless you have taken very good care to educate this young patient and help them understand their medical history and condition, the importance of keeping follow-ups with their current care team or establishing a relationship with a new care team in their new community, they can put themselves at risk by not getting regular monitoring. If they then resurface when something bad happens or their heart starts to fail, it can be too late.”

As Duke cares for both pediatric and adult patients under the same roof, it allows continuity of care and a unique opportunity to improve education and transition of care for congenital patients.

“One of the biggest advantages that Duke has over many other centers is the structure and the opportunity to maintain the care of the patients throughout their entire life,” says Beckerman. “Duke offers a truly world-class adult heart center and an excellent pediatric center that is one of the best in the country. Coming here offers the perfect opportunity to truly provide patients with the care they need. This is an extraordinary opportunity for me.”

Ziv and his wife, Anett, have two sons: Ben (13) and Ron (12). He says they are enjoying Durham and exploring the area. He said the community members they are meeting are kind and helpful, that their new neighbors are wonderful and welcoming. The family enjoys hiking, fishing, and sports – his sons especially enjoy soccer. He and Anett both enjoy cooking and are somewhat competitive about who is the better chef. They are very happy with their move and are looking forward to meeting more people.

“One of the things I really love about being here is the medical community,” Beckerman adds. “From a physician perspective, this offers me a terrific opportunity to do something meaningful. It is also the kind of community where we can really make an impact. We love being part of the community we live in and really getting to know people. I believe this will allow me to provide a more personalized level of care to my patients and allow me to feel closer to the community overall. We are really glad to be here.”

Please join us in offering Ziv a warm welcome when you see him!


Old-School Health Assessment Beats Genetic Test for Predicting Heart Disease

A genetic risk for heart disease is far less predictive of problems than actual lifestyle risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes — even among younger adults.

In a finding published July 26 in the journal Circulation, researchers led by a team at Duke AI Health found that genetic tests do little to accurately identify cardiovascular risks compared to a simple risk equation that uses basic health measures.

“It’s important to intervene early to prevent cardiovascular disease from progressing,” said senior author Michael Pencina, PhD, vice dean for data science at Duke University School of Medicine and director of Duke AI Health, which develops, evaluates and implements artificial intelligence initiatives at Duke Health and elsewhere.

“A lot of young people can be given a false sense of security if it looks like they have a low risk of inherited disease from their family,” Pencina said. “But in the nature vs. nurture battle, it’s nurture that is the stronger factor for cardiovascular disease: how a person lives throughout adulthood is a much bigger factor in the course of this disease.”

Pencina and colleagues analyzed two large databases — the Framingham Offspring Study and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study — and stratified participants into three groups by age: Younger adults (median 30 years old); early mid-life (median 43 years old); and late mid-life (median 52 years old).

They applied two predictive models. The first, called a polygenic risk score, calculates the number of inherited genetic variants that are likely to put a person at risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

The second was a scoring model that uses traditional long-term risk factors — including high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes and high cholesterol levels — which are largely preventable depending on lifestyle choices.

In their analysis, the researchers found that the polygenic risk score provided limited predictive accuracy for cardiovascular disease risk compared to the traditional health assessment. Even when a genetic score was added in as a factor among the traditional health measurements, it made little difference.

“What we find is consistent in all three age groups, even in the youngest, the risk factor-based model was superior to the genetics-based model for predicting cardiovascular disease,” Pencina said.

“While genetic tests use new technology, they can be high-priced,” Pencina said. “People should instead visit their doctor and have their actual, clinical factors measured, because this will do a much better job of determining their state of health. And for those who have a high risk of developing cardiovascular disease — especially young people — they should eat healthy foods, exercise and begin proper medications as warranted.”

In addition to Pencina, study authors include Sadiya S. Khan, Courtney Page, Daniel M. Wojdyla, Yosef Y. Schwartz, and Philip Greenland. The study received funding from the National Institutes of Health (P30AG059988, RO1HL159250, U01HL160279, 5R01-EB025020-03).


Douglas Awarded Honorary Fellowship by ASPC

Pamela S. Douglas, MD, the Ursula Geller Distinguished Professor for Research in Cardiovascular Disease, was awarded with an honorary fellowship by the American Society of Preventative Cardiology on Friday, July 29 during the 2022 ASPC Congress on CVD Prevention. The event is being held at the Omni Louisville Hotel from July 29-31 in Louisville, KY.

“Each year the ASPC identifies someone who has made extraordinary contributions to the field of preventive cardiology through groundbreaking research, exemplary clinical care or excellence in education. Rarely, we find someone who meets all three of these aspects, but in Dr. Pam Douglas, we have,” said Martha Gulati, MD, director of preventive cardiology at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center’s Smidt Heart Institute and president of the ASPC. “Dr. Douglas has led several landmark clinical trials that have changed the workup and management of patients being evaluated for ischemia. She also has helped establish important specialty areas, including heart disease in women, sports cardiology and cardio-oncology. She has also been an outspoken advocate for women in cardiology, in addition to pushing all our cardiology societies to achieve equity and diversity in our ranks of cardiology. She has led the DEI task force for the American College of Cardiology, but this has had a trickle-down effect on all of our cardiology societies. I had the honor of working with her on a landmark paper — published this year in JACC — about what women in cardiology who bear children experience when they are pregnant and how it affects their careers. We outlined actionable solutions to improve the inclusion and advancement of child-bearing persons in the field of cardiology. This is but one example of her numerous papers that are pushing to make our field welcoming to everyone.

“Additionally, she has been a role model and mentor to so many, myself included. She pushes for what is right, she counsels us when we are lost (this she personally did for me in the past year), and she cares about everyone’s success — certainly at Duke Cardiology, but actually beyond Duke’s borders. We are excited to celebrate Dr. Douglas as our 2022 Honorary FASPC.”

Congratulations, Pam!


Krasuski Named Editor-in-Chief Elect of PHA’s Journal

Richard Krasuski, MD, professor of medicine in cardiology, has been named Editor-in-Chief elect of the journal Advances in Pulmonary Hypertension (APH). The position is effective as of July 25. His term as Editor-in-Chief will begin next July and run through June 2025.

Krasuski has served on the editorial board of APH for the past four years.

Congratulations, Rich!



Legath to Serve as Nurse Manager DUH 7300, Effective September 1st

Duke Heart is pleased to announce that Jessie Legath, BSN, RN, PCCN, CNIV will become Nurse Manager Operations for Duke University Hospital’s Cardiology Stepdown Unit 7300 effective September 1st.  Jessie will co-manage 7300 with Monica Harper until Monica retires in December. Jessie earned a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Duke University School of Nursing in 2015. She joined the Duke Heart Team as a new graduate nurse on 3100 in March 2016 and has served as Clinical Lead, now Assistant Nurse Manager, since September 2020.

During her time at Duke, Jessie advanced on the clinical ladder by becoming a CNIV and has held a variety of roles on 3100 including Preceptor, Charge Nurse, and Skin Care Champion. As Clinical Lead/Assistant Nurse Manager, she has been heavily involved with safety and quality initiatives including pressure injury prevention and assisting with the creation and implementation of the Heart Center SD Pressure Injury Prevention Bundle. She has been part of many team building and leadership activities throughout the Heart Center, including Heart Center chart navigator for Division of Health Service Regulation (DHSR) visits, organizing and leading monthly CTSD leadership meetings, and currently serves as one of the DUH Heart Core Class presenters.

Please join us in congratulating and welcoming Jessie to her new role.


Temporary Cath Lab Space Opens

Congratulations to the Cardiac Catheterization team on the opening this week of their newest (albeit temporary) lab space in Duke University Hospital. “Cath 4” is located in the area that was vacated by the pediatric team earlier this year. Leadership repurposed the space to support select procedures in order to enhance through-put and operations as we accommodate construction and growth in the DUH adult cardiac catheterization and electrophysiology labs.

The cath team performed their first case in the temporary space on Thursday, July 28. With the help of Duke Heart administrators, nursing and physician leadership, the cath lab super users (Jake Chastain, Adam Edmundson, Ashely Kinney and Miranda Olson), Drs. Larry Crawford and Caitlyn Drescher performed a successful RHC!!

To commemorate the event and to offer homage to Schuyler Jones (who was not in the lab this week), the team crafted this verse:

A cath lab haiku:

The volume was high

The lab space was so low

We opened Cath 4!


Shown here (L-R) are: Larry Crawford, Anna Mall, Miranda Olson, Caitlin Drescher, Jake Chastain, Ashley Kinney and Adam Edmundson

Shown L-R are: Jake Chastain, Larry Crawford and Caitlin Drescher

A big shout-out to Anna Mall and Joe Kelly who were instrumental in getting the room up and running, and many thanks to the entire team for their support. Cheers to our many cases to come!


WiC Event Held

The Duke program for Women in Cardiology met this week at the home of Pam Douglas. All attendees benefited from a great group discussion on mentorship and sponsorship with faculty members Karen Alexander, Anna Lisa Chamis, Pam Douglas, Camille Frazier Mills, Neha Pagidipati, Jennifer Rymer, and Tracy Wang. Thank you to Pam Douglas for hosting and to Joey Harrington, Ali Corley and Paula Rambarat for organizing and participating in this insightful discussion!

Photos of the Week

A belated congratulations to John and Karen Alexander on their daughter Emily‘s entry to medical school. Members of Dr. John Alexander’s clinical team are excited to see her pursuing a career in medicine! When his team members saw recent photos they couldn’t help but notice the stark contrast between Emily’s fresh white coat and John’s less-than-pristine one.

We are told the team has wondered if a ‘GoFundMe‘ campaign is needed to get a replacement. “That coat,” they said, “should probably go already.”

Karen, Emily, and John Alexander, July 2022

John, holding a much younger Emily, and Karen Alexander along with faculty and fellows of the division of cardiology circa 1997.  For those that look carefully – you will also see some other notable Duke Cardiology Alums

John Alexander & the coat

Photos submitted by Sasmrita Belbase, cardiology APP.

In all seriousness, congratulations to Emily — we are thrilled for her and look forward to all she will accomplish!

ICYMI: USNWR ‘Best Hospitals’ Ratings Released for 2022-2023

Tom Owens, MD, president of Duke University Hospital commented:

Duke University Hospital is privileged to serve all of our patients and communities, and one of my favorite things is to read the many grateful patient comments and notes we receive every day, thanks to your excellent, compassionate care.

It also is gratifying to receive recognition from outside organizations. We are pleased that Duke University Hospital again has been recognized among the best hospitals in the country in the U.S. News & World Report rankings for 2022-2023. We have improved overall from 24 to 21 in the national ranking, and we remain No. 1 in North Carolina.

We also have been nationally ranked in 11 adult specialties, we saw improvement in most of the specialty groups, and we received the highest rating for 19 of 20 common procedures and conditions.

Congratulations to each of our specialties for these outstanding designations, with national rankings from USNWR as follows:

  • Cancer – Ranked 22
  • Cardiology & Heart Surgery – Ranked 34
  • Ear, Nose & Throat – Ranked 29
  • Gastroenterology & GI Surgery – Ranked 29
  • Geriatrics – Ranked 30
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology – Ranked 33
  • Neurology & Neurosurgery – Ranked 23
  • Ophthalmology – Ranked 6
  • Orthopedics – Ranked 19
  • Pulmonology – Ranked 31
  • Urology – Ranked 26

In addition, our hospital is recognized this year as high performing in two adult specialties (endocrine and rheumatology), as well as in 19 procedures and conditions:

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Aortic valve stenosis
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Colon Cancer Surgery
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Hip replacement
  • Knee replacement
  • Lung cancer surgery
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Pneumonia
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney failure
  • Hip fracture
  • Back surgery (spinal fusion)
  • Ovarian cancer surgery
  • Prostate cancer surgery

Although pleased with the improving USNWR recognition and rankings, we know that the quality of the care we deliver is not defined by a single ranking system. We continue to deliver outstanding care to some of the country’s most vulnerable patients and diverse communities, which is may not always be reflected in the USNWR models.

This can be especially seen at times with regards to the Cardiology and Heart Surgery care – where our performance on care in our quality and national registries is substantially better than some of the claim’s data based measure. Nevertheless, we continue to work on our processes to improve and capture the care we deliver in addition to working on ways to innovate and improve patient outcomes.  We have seen some of the recent changes due to these efforts and will anticipate continuing to see those in upcoming years.  Additionally, these efforts are often recognized in other measures some of which are provided below.

  • Newsweek ranking of the World’s Best specialized hospitals for heart care (July 2022)
  • https://www.newsweek.com/worlds-best-specialized-hospitals-2022, Duke University Hospital – Division of Cardiology ranked 13th
  • STS 3 Star ratings for CT surgery
  • “A” distinction from The Leapfrog Group for upholding patient safety
  • Achieving an Overall Hospital Quality Star Rating of 4 Stars from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS)
  • Maintaining the 1 ranking of our Children’s Hospital in North Carolina
  • Achieving Healthcare Equality Index Leader 2022 from the Human Rights Campaign


COVID-19 Update

Please continue to practice safe COVID-19 protocols in your day-to-day interactions with others. Be particularly vigilant about masking, and avoid eating indoors in group settings. The health of our team members and our patients remains a priority as we continue to monitor the COVID-19 trends throughout our community.

Stay home if you are not feeling well. Employees who begin to experience any COVID-19 symptoms should report symptoms through the Duke SymMon app, which is available in both the Apple and Google app stores.

Donate blood if you’re able to. Click here for Duke-sponsored blood drives through the Red Cross.

All the latest Clinical Operations updates related to COVID can be found at https://covid-19.dukehealth.org. Patient-facing resources on DukeHealth.org can be found here: https://www.dukehealth.org/covid-19-update/resources. Duke University maintains a resource page as well, which can be accessed here: https://coronavirus.duke.edu/updates/for-staff.


Upcoming Events & Opportunities

August 17: Duke GME DEI ‘First Look’. The Duke Office of Graduate Medical Education is holding a virtual DEI ‘First Look’ event for potential incoming residents and fellows. It’s specifically designed for underrepresented applicants and any applicant interested in DEI issues. Registration is required.

September 25: Triangle Heart Walk. PNC Arena, Raleigh. Check-in starts at 11 am. Walk begins at Noon. Join us!

October 14: Cardio-Oncology in the Era of Precision Medicine. Symposium to be held at the J.B. Duke Hotel, Durham, NC. Registration is open: https://bit.ly/CardioOnc22. Email Beth Tanner with questions: beth.tanner@duke.edu.

Cardiology Grand Rounds

Cardiology Grand Rounds has concluded and will resume in September.


Have news to share?

If you have news to share with the Pulse readership, please contact Tracey Koepke, director of communications for Duke Heart at tracey.koepke@duke.edu. We would love to hear about your latest accomplishments, professional news, cool happenings, and any events or opportunities that may be of interest to our Duke Heart family. Please call with any questions: 919-681-2868. Feedback on Pulse is welcome and encouraged. Submissions by Noon, Wednesdays, to be considered for weekend inclusion.


Duke Heart in the News:

July 23 — Stephen Greene

Practical Cardiology

Don’t Miss a Beat: Understanding GFR Slope, with Brendon Neuen, MBBS, MSc


July 26 — Richard Shannon

The News Courier

How the Dobbs decision affects women and children


July 26 — Duke University Hospital, Duke Regional Hospital


The Triangle is home to 5 of NC’s top 10 hospitals, says US News & World Report


July 27 — Michael Pencina


Traditional Health Assessment Beats Genetic Test for Heart Disease Prediction, Study Shows


July 27 — Duke University Health System

Becker’s Hospital Review

30 hospitals, health systems and biomedical companies on Forbes’ top 100 list of best employers for women


July 27 — Sujay Kansagra (Pediatrics)


Study finds frequent naps linked to high blood pressure, stroke


July 27 — Duke University Hospital and Duke Regional Hospital


Where Triangle hospitals land in new US News & World rankings


July 28 — Shahzeb Khan


More Young Americans Are Dying of Heart Failure


*carried by additional 196 news outlets

July 28 — Julie Doberne


World’s First HIV+ to HIV+ Heart Transplant Performed


Duke Heart Pulse – July 24th 2022

Highlights of the week:

DBAP Outing with the Cardiology Fellows

Our newest cardiology fellows got a taste of downtown Durham with an outing on Saturday night to see our Triple-A affiliate, the Durham Bulls, at Durham Bulls Athletic Park. The Bulls played the Norfolk Tides and picked up a 9-8 win in game two of their three game set. Game three is this afternoon. We believe our Duke Heart attendance at the game really gave the Bulls an edge – thanks to all who joined us!

Although it was warm out – the right field picnic area provided a great place to have the families watch the game with some shade, food and drinks.  Thanks to Anna Lisa and the fellowship team for helping set up this fun event.

Fudim Presents MGR

On Friday, July 22 Marat Fudim, assistant professor of medicine in cardiology, led a very informative Medicine Grand Rounds on pressure and volume management in patients with chronic heart failure. His presentation covered how volume is distributed throughout the body, the contribution of vasoconstriction to increased intra-cardiac pressures, and several new treatment avenues for patients. In case you missed it, you can view the full recording here: https://warpwire.duke.edu/w/e_MGAA/

This work has opened up many more interesting physiologic studies, devices, and work that Marat and team are helping Duke take the lead on nationally.

Great job, Marat!



Nurse Scientists in Academic-Practice Partnership Improve Rigor of Nursing Science

Asking the right clinical questions is second nature for a nurse, but asking clinical questions in ways that are amenable to scientific solutions is a critical skill that takes time, expertise and mentorship to develop. Faculty at Duke University School of Nursing and Duke University Health System (DUHS) are partnering to help clinical inquiry flourish through collaboration between bedside nurses and nurse scientists. Fruits of the partnership are leading to improved rigor in research and quality improvement design that, in turn, help to improve outcomes for patients and families.

Bradi Granger, MSN, PhD, RN, a professor and director of Duke Heart Center Nursing Research Program, Staci Reynolds, PhD, RN, associate professor and clinical nurse specialist at Duke University Hospital (DUH), and Anna Mall, MSN, RN, assistant nurse manager for the adult cardiac catheterization labs at DUH, recently co-authored an article on clinical inquiry in the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) Advanced Critical Care Summer 2022 journal.

Their work is one of many projects and activities that are an outcome of the Duke Advancement of Nursing, Center of Excellence (DANCE), an academic practice partnership between nurses in the School of Nursing and DUHS, which leverages the experience, knowledge, and aspirations of nurses across both entities.

In an example of the relationships DANCE fosters, Granger immediately thought of Reynolds and Mall when a question came up at a national conference: How can any small-scale, single-site study be valuable to growing and expanding nursing science?

The authors answered that question by creating a pyramid structure outlining a step-by-step approach to clinical inquiry that results in generalizable data that can impact the national or even global health care research priorities for improving health and patient care.

“There is, at the end of the day, a randomized trial that can contribute causal evidence to a patient problem and provide data to change practice and leverage policy,” Granger said.

Mall says that she and her team noticed that patients consistently experience discomfort in response to catheter insertion, despite the administration of pre-procedural pain medicine.

“My whole question was, why are we giving this medication? Is it doing what we need it to do? Can we do it a different way,” she said.

The first step of the pyramid examined current research and recommendations in the literature about what to do when there was breakthrough pain during the procedure. The next step was designing a study to analyze existing cath lab data for clues to the precursors of pain during the procedure. The next step was designing and conducting the randomized trial that compared two pre-procedural sedation intervals. The last step was taking the results of that trial and building further questions based on focus groups with the nurses and the patients, expanding the inquiry to include additional studies, each addressing the patient experience from different angles.

Reynolds’s study focused on central line-associated bloodstream infections, or CLABSIs. Because the infections are costly to treat and create a longer, and possibly more complicated recovery for patients, Reynolds was interested in how to mitigate the rate of infections. Protocol calls for chlorohexidine gluconate (CHG) bathing, but Reynolds found that there was low compliance by nurses across the U.S., partly because patients didn’t like the baths, which some find uncomfortable or because they dislike the smell.

Reynolds partnered with Granger, who had connections with Wake Med, and conducted a collaborative study that found that, with greater compliance and procedural understanding, the rate of infection decreased. But they took results of the study a step further to talk to patients and nurses about their experiences.

“There were just a lot of little one-offs from that larger study that we were able to do to keep the ball rolling and answer further clinical inquiry questions as they came up,” she said, noting that having a randomized trial as the primary source was critical. “It’s not until you get to talking to the bedside nurses and patients that you get into the nitty gritty details of maybe why the intervention of CHG bathing treatments, as recommended in the evidence-based CDC guideline, isn’t working so well [in real world clinical practice].”

Implementing the pyramid approach to clinical inquiry requires the type of collaboration DANCE offers.

“The whole premise of DANCE as an academic health system partnership is to bring academicians on the school side, who are experts in the science and design of clinical inquiry, together with the health system nurses to support health system science,” Granger said. “Clinical inquiry, when it’s done well, requires a rigorous scientific design so that the study can effectively inform practice.”

Mall agrees that the questions can often come from clinical nurses, but they need the support and structure that a nurse scientist offers.

“I think what’s very unique in the partnership with DANCE is we have those relationships established,” she said. “It makes that nurse scientist accessible to the bedside nurse.”

Mall said her experience collaborating with the nurse scientists has improved her leadership skills by allowing her time to help with the design study, data collecting, team-building and number-crunching that she would not have been able to do otherwise.

Granger is interested in ensuring that more health systems, including those without academic-practice partnerships like DANCE, have opportunities for collaboration with nurse scientists.

“That’s one thing we’re working on at Duke through DANCE, to make the resources of a nurse scientist more accessible for our smaller community hospitals, and also around the country, to share this model we’re using at Duke,” she said.

The co-authors’ work helps to demonstrate how nurse scientists and researchers have a key role in advancing nurses’ leadership skills, autonomy, and decision-making skills, in turn, improving professional practice environments and health outcomes for real people, families and communities.


Great Catch, Nelson!

We were excited to learn this week that our Duke Heart cath lab team member Eric Nelson, CVIS, received a ‘Great Catch!‘ award.

Eric quickly spoke up to prevent the premature removal of an arterial introducer sheath in an anticoagulated patient in the Cardiac Catheterization Lab at Duke University Hospital. His timely action helped ensure that the introducer remained in place until the patient’s clotting time returned to a safe level, which minimized the risk of bleeding after sheath removal.

Excellent job, Eric! Congrats!!


COVID-19 Update

Please continue to practice safe COVID-19 protocols in your day-to-day interactions with others. Be particularly vigilant about masking, and avoid eating indoors in group settings. The health of our team members and our patients remains a priority as we continue to monitor the COVID-19 trends throughout our community.

Stay home if you are not feeling well. Employees who begin to experience any COVID-19 symptoms should report symptoms through the Duke SymMon app, which is available in both the Apple and Google app stores.

Donate blood if you’re able to. Click here for Duke-sponsored blood drives through the Red Cross.

All the latest Clinical Operations updates related to COVID can be found at https://covid-19.dukehealth.org. Patient-facing resources on DukeHealth.org can be found here: https://www.dukehealth.org/covid-19-update/resources. Duke University maintains a resource page as well, which can be accessed here: https://coronavirus.duke.edu/updates/for-staff.


Upcoming Events & Opportunities

July 25: Women in Cardiology. 6:30 p.m. Dinner and discussion on mentorship and sponsorship. For more information and location, please contact cardiology fellow Karen Flores Rosario, MD.

August 17: Duke GME DEI ‘First Look’. The Duke Office of Graduate Medical Education is holding a virtual DEI ‘First Look’ event for potential incoming residents and fellows. It’s specifically designed for underrepresented applicants and any applicant interested in DEI issues. Registration is required.

October 14: Cardio-Oncology in the Era of Precision Medicine. Symposium to be held at the J.B. Duke Hotel, Durham, NC. Registration is open: https://bit.ly/CardioOnc22. Email Beth Tanner with questions: beth.tanner@duke.edu.

Cardiology Grand Rounds

Cardiology Grand Rounds has concluded and will resume in September.


Have news to share?

If you have news to share with the Pulse readership, please contact Tracey Koepke, director of communications for Duke Heart at tracey.koepke@duke.edu. We would love to hear about your latest accomplishments, professional news, cool happenings, and any events or opportunities that may be of interest to our Duke Heart family. Please call with any questions: 919-681-2868. Feedback on Pulse is welcome and encouraged. Submissions by Noon, Wednesdays, to be considered for weekend inclusion.

Duke Heart in the News:

July 15 — Robert Mentz


US Dobutamine Shortage a ‘Huge Problem’—What’s the Solution?


July 15 — Andrew Wang

Cardiology Today

‘Patients feel better’: New hope for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy


July 18 — Robert Lefkowitz

GQ.com (Mexico)

Las reglas de oro para ser exitoso, según los ganadores del Nobel


July 19 — John Haney and Matthew Hartwig


Paragonix Expands Research for Advanced Organ Preservation Clinical Registries


*this story was also carried in Baltimore, Pittsburgh & Sacramento

July 19 — Mihai Podgoreanu and Negmeldeen Mamoun

Medpage Today

Fluid Therapy Showdown in Cardiac Surgery Disfavors Albumin


July 20 — Stuart Russell


Pig Heart Transplants and the Ethical Challenges That Lie Ahead


July 21 — Sreekanth Vemulapalli

WPTF (Raleigh-Durham-Fayetteville)

‘Ask for ECHO’ campaign


July 21 — Jason Katz


Early Struggles, Notable Changes, and Ongoing Challenges in Cardiac Critical Care



Division of Cardiology Publications Indexed in PubMed July 14-20, 2022

Al Rifai M, Newby LK, Nair AP, Misra A, Rogers JG, Fedson S, Virani SS. SGLT-2 Inhibitors for Patients with Heart Failure: What Have We Learned Recently? Curr Atheroscler Rep 2022;24(8):627-634. PM: 35653033.

Araújo TP, Borges LGS, Barroso WKS, Brandão AA, Barbosa ECD, Feitosa ADM, Malachias MVB, Mota Gomes M, Amodeo C, Povoa RMDS, Jardim PCBV, Lopes RD, Batista SRR, Vitorino PVO. Factors associated with uncontrolled blood pressure in hypertensive Brazilians. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2022;24(7):814-824. PM: 35770852.

Bahit MC, Vora AN, Li Z, Wojdyla DM, Thomas L, Goodman SG, Aronson R, Jordan JD, Kolls BJ, Dombrowski KE, Vinereanu D, Halvorsen S, Berwanger O, Windecker S, Mehran R, Granger CB, Alexander JH, Lopes RD. Apixaban or Warfarin and Aspirin or Placebo After Acute Coronary Syndrome or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Prior Stroke: A Post Hoc Analysis From the AUGUSTUS Trial. JAMA Cardiol 2022;7(7):682-689. PM: 35612866.

Bikdeli B, Zahedi Tajrishi F, Sadeghipour P, Talasaz AH, Fanikos J, Lippi G, Siegal DM, Eikelboom JW, Monreal M, Jimenez D, Connors JM, Ageno W, Barnes GD, Piazza G, Angiolillo DJ, Parikh SA, Kirtane AJ, Lopes RD, Bhatt DL, Weitz JI, Mehran R, Krumholz HM. Efficacy and Safety Considerations With Dose-Reduced Direct Oral Anticoagulants: A Review. JAMA Cardiol 2022;7(7):747-759. PM: 35648414.

Chatterjee R, Kwee LC, Pagidipati N, Koweek LH, Mettu PS, Haddad F, Maron DJ, Rodriguez F, Mega JL, Hernandez A, Mahaffey K, Palaniappan L, Shah SH. Multi-dimensional characterization of prediabetes in the Project Baseline Health Study. Cardiovasc Diabetol 2022;21(1):134. PM: 35850765.

Collins KA, Ross LM, Slentz CA, Huffman KM, Kraus WE. Differential Effects of Amount, Intensity, and Mode of Exercise Training on Insulin Sensitivity and Glucose Homeostasis: A Narrative Review. Sports Med Open 2022;8(1):90. PM: 35834023.

Defilippis EM, Truby LK, Clerkin KJ, Donald E, Sinnenberg L, Varshney AS, Cogswell R, Kittleson MM, Haythe JH, Givertz MM, Hsich EM, Agarwal R, Topkara VK, Farr M. Increased Opportunities for Transplantation for Women in the New Heart Allocation System. J Card Fail 2022;28(7):1149-1157. PM: 35470056.

Gaudino M, Audisio K, Di Franco A, Alexander JH, Kurlansky P, Boening A, Chikwe J, Devereaux PJ, Diegeler A, Dimagli A, Flather M, Lamy A, Lawton JS, Tam DY, Reents W, Rahouma M, Girardi LN, Hare DL, Fremes SE, Benedetto U. Radial artery versus saphenous vein versus right internal thoracic artery for coronary artery bypass grafting. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2022;62(1):ezac345. PM: 35678560.

Giroux NS, Ding S, McClain MT, Burke TW, Petzold E, Chung HA, Rivera GO, Wang E, Xi R, Bose S, Rotstein T, Nicholson BP, Chen T, Henao R, Sempowski GD, Denny TN, De Ussel MI, Satterwhite LL, Ko ER, Ginsburg GS, Kraft BD, Tsalik EL, Shen X, Woods C. Differential chromatin accessibility in peripheral blood mononuclear cells underlies COVID-19 disease severity prior to seroconversion. Res Sq 2022;:rs.3.rs-1479864. PM: 35411343.

Greene SJ, Ezekowitz JA, Anstrom KJ, Demyanenko V, Givertz MM, Piña IL, O’Connor CM, Koglin J, Roessig L, Hernandez AF, Armstrong PW, Mentz RJ. Medical Therapy During Hospitalization for Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: The VICTORIA Registry. J Card Fail 2022;28(7):1063-1077. PM: 35301107.

Jorbendaze A, Young R, Shaburishvili T, Demyanchuk V, Buriak R, Todurov B, Rudenko K, Zuber M, Stämpfli SF, Tanner FC, Erne P, Mirro M, Fudim M, Goldberg LR, Cleland JGF. Synchronized diaphragmatic stimulation for heart failure using the VisONE system: a first-in-patient study. ESC Heart Fail 2022;9(4):2207-2214. PM: 35619238.

Lala A, Mentz RJ. Fostering Belonging at JCF. J Card Fail 2022;28(7):1047. PM: 35840183.

Minhas AMK, Sagheer S, Ijaz SH, Nazir S, Khan MS, Zaidi SH, Fudim M, Rodriguez F, Johnson HM, Virani SS. Persistent Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Cardiology Trainees in the United States. J Am Coll Cardiol 2022;80(3):276-279. PM: 35835499.

Oslin DW, Lynch KG, Shih MC, Ingram EP, Wray LO, Chapman SR, Kranzler HR, Gelernter J, Pyne JM, Stone A, DuVall SL, Lehmann LS, Thase ME,  , Aslam M, Batki SL, Bjork JM, Blow FC, Brenner LA, Chen P, Desai S, Dieperink EW, Fears SC, Fuller MA, Goodman CS. Effect of Pharmacogenomic Testing for Drug-Gene Interactions on Medication Selection and Remission of Symptoms in Major Depressive Disorder: The PRIME Care Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA 2022;328(2):151-161. PM: 35819423.

Prabhakaran D, Singh K, Kondal D, Raspail L, Mohan B, Kato T, Sarrafzadegan N, Talukder SH, Akter S, Amin MR, Goma F, Gomez-Mesa J, Ntusi N, Inofomoh F, Deora S, Philippov E, Svarovskaya A, Konradi A, Puentes A, Ogah OS, Stanetic B, Issa A, Thienemann F. Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes among Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19: Findings from the World Heart Federation COVID-19 Study. Glob Heart 2022;17(1):40. PM: 35837356.

Prattipati S, Sakita FM, Tarimo TG, Kweka GL, Mlangi JJ, Maro AV, Coaxum LA, Galson SW, Limkakeng AT, Rugakingira A, Urasa SJ, Okeke NL, Mmbaga BT, Bloomfield GS, Hertz JT. Prevalence and Correlates of Ischemic ECG Findings among Adults With and Without HIV in Tanzania. Glob Heart 2022;17(1):38. PM: 35837355.

Rehorn MR, Daubert JP. Editorial commentary: Pulsed field catheter ablation in atrial fibrillation: The promising future of an old technology. Trends Cardiovasc Med 2022;32(6):388-389. PM: 34508849.

Salah HM, Fudim M, O’Neil ST, Manna A, Chute CG, Caughey MC. Post-recovery COVID-19 and incident heart failure in the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C) study. Nat Commun 2022;13(1):4117. PM: 35840623.

Scirica BM, Im K, Murphy SA, Kuder JF, Rodriguez DA, Lopes RD, Green JB, Ruff CT, Sabatine MS. Re-adjudication of the Trial Evaluating Cardiovascular Outcomes with Sitagliptin (TECOS) with study-level meta-analysis of hospitalization for heart failure from cardiovascular outcomes trials with dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors. Clin Cardiol 2022;45(7):794-801. PM: 35715946.

Duke Heart Pulse Week ending July 17th 2022

Highlights of the week:

The Duke Transplant Center Performs 10,000th Transplant

The Duke Transplant Center recently performed its 10,000th transplant per data from the Organ Procurement & Transplantation Network (OPTN) since performing its first organ transplant, a kidney, in 1965. This is a milestone that only 18 other centers in the U.S. have achieved and the first in North Carolina to meet that mark.

The Duke Transplant Center has reached this lifesaving goal by focusing on research and innovation to expand access to organs for patients on waiting lists. Recent examples include:

  • Duke Heart surgeons were the first in the U.S. to successfully implant a new-generation artificial heart to bridge the gap until the patient successfully received a human heart transplant.
  • Duke Heart surgeons were the first in the U.S. to perform a “donation after circulatory death” (DCD) heart transplant in adult and pediatric patients. More than 80 DCD heart procedures have been completed at Duke since our first procedures in 2019.
  • The Southeast’s first living liver transplant between an HIV-positive donor and recipient.
  • Use of organ preservation systems: The devices circulate warm, oxygenated blood, medications, and nutrients through the organ to preserve it and allow for testing before transplantation. It also means organs can travel farther to reach recipients.
  • Duke Heart transplant’s wait time continued its trend from the last several years, reducing median time-to-transplant to 63 days against a U.S. median wait time of 149 days.
  • The kidney transplant achieved high marks in their 1-year conditional survival with a functioning graft. Duke’s 1-year conditional survival rate for kidney was 99.69 percent against a U.S. rate of 97.03 percent.

Congratulations to all members of the Duke transplant teams past and present for contributing to this remarkable achievement (with very special kudos to all members of our heart and lung transplant teams!). Most especially we want to thank our donor patients and their families for giving the gift of life to our recipient patients who also deserve a big shout-out. We thank all of them for entrusting their care to us.1000th Tx graphic

Study to Prevent Heart Disease in Breast Cancer Patients Receives NHLBI Funding

The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has awarded a five-year grant to Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist Comprehensive Cancer Center, Duke Cancer Institute and Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center to collaborate in a first-of-its-kind prospective study about the long-term heart health of young breast cancer survivors.

The Cardiac Outcomes With Near Complete Estrogen Deprivation (CROWN) study will investigate preclinical cardiovascular effects of estrogen deprivation therapy for the treatment of breast cancer in premenopausal women and is expected to start enrollment in August. The investigators will use novel imaging methods with CT and CMR, as well as biomarkers of cardiotoxicity and inflammation to advance the understanding the effects of estrogen deprivation has on the cardiovascular system, with the goal to better predict, prevent, and treat cardiovascular disease associated with breast cancer treatment.

This is one of many collaborative efforts currently underway in the Duke Cardio-Oncology program. Susan Dent, MD, a medical oncologist who focuses on breast cancer and who serves as associate director of clinical research for the Duke Cancer Institute Breast Cancer Disease Group and Igor Klem, MD, a cardiologist specializing in imaging for the division of cardiology will serves as lead investigators for the Duke site.

To read more, please visit: https://duke.is/navh.






Duke-UNC Project Wins 3rd Place in American Heart Association Heart Failure Data Challenge

A team from Duke University School of Medicine and the University of North Carolina School of Medicine was awarded third place by the American Heart Association for a project addressing the elements of structural racism that lead to poor heart health.

The American Heart Association and the Association of Black Cardiologists hosted a six-month heart failure data challenge in which research groups tested the relationships between heart failure and health disparities, social determinants of health and structural determinants of health. The results were evaluated by a peer review group of nearly 30 experts in the field.

“Congratulations to these researchers for their exceptional work in the heart failure data challenge,” said Michelle A. Albert, MD, past president of the Association of Black Cardiologists and current president of the American Heart Association.

“Improving our understanding of how social determinants of health impact certain populations in order to develop consequential targeted solutions requires harmonization of different types of data,” Albert said. “These teams must be commended for their efforts at addressing health equity, one of the most pressing areas in healthcare.”

The Duke/UNC project was led by Vishal Rao, MD, an advanced heart failure and transplant cardiology fellow at Duke, Rob Mentz, MD, section chief of heart failure in the Duke Division of Cardiology, and Melissa Caughey, PhD, a cardiovascular epidemiologist from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine.

Collaborators included Gregg C. Fonarow, MD, who serves on the steering committee for the American Heart Association’s Get with the Guidelines program and as interim chief of UCLA’s Division of Cardiology and director of the Ahmanson-UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center; Amanda Coniglio, MD, former Duke cardiology chief fellow now on faculty at Rochester Regional Hospital; and Duke cardiology and DCRI faculty Adam DeVore, MD, Marat Fudim, MD, Michelle Kelsey, MD, and Roland Matsouaka, MD.

The project explored the association between socioeconomic status disadvantage and in-hospital heart failure outcomes in patients from diverse neighborhoods in the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry.

This project was inspired by Duke University School of Medicine Division of Cardiology-led efforts to improve heart failure outcomes across central North Carolina. The work prompted the research collaboration between Duke and UNC to better understand how neighborhoods were associated with quality of care and in-hospital outcomes for patients with heart failure.

The project team used the Precision Medicine Platform to investigate key questions around socioeconomic disparities and heart failure outcomes. The Precision Medicine Platform is an easy-to-use research interface that allows researchers to collaborate from anywhere in the world in a secure, cloud-based environment.

With artificial intelligence and deep machine learning capabilities, the Precision Medicine Platform gives researchers the power and speed to bring their data together collaboratively and accelerate their findings into impactful discoveries for patients faster than ever before.

The team hopes to translate the results into local implementation efforts to characterize and mitigate gaps in care defined by socioeconomic groups or neighborhoods.

The research findings from all the winning studies are currently under consideration for publication in peer-reviewed scientific journals and are not yet publicly available.

You can read more about the data challenge here.

Congratulations, Vishal, Rob and team!!!

New Cardiology Stepdown Unit Assistant Nurse Manager Appointments, Effective July 18

Duke Heart is pleased to announce three new assistant nurse manager appointments that will go into effect on Monday, July 18, 2022.

Olivia Gunter, BSN, RN, PCCN will become the Assistant Nurse Manager of Operations for Duke University Hospital’s Cardiology Stepdown Unit 7100.  Olivia started out as a new graduate nurse on 7100 in 2019 and is honored to continue working with her coworkers in this new position. Olivia will continue making positive impacts on orientation and quality improvement efforts on 7100, both of which are her passions. Outside of work, Olivia enjoys trying out new recipes in the kitchen and is a recent newlywed!

Dylan Coombs, BSN, RN, will become the Assistant Nurse Manager of Operations for Duke University Hospital’s Cardiology Stepdown Unit 7300. Dylan obtained an Associate of Applied Science in Nursing from Durham Technical Community College in 2013 and a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Winston Salem State University in 2021. He began his career in nursing working in transitional rehabilitation, long term elder care, and hospice. Dylan started working at Duke University Hospital in 2017 as a CN II on 7300 where he has remained an integral part of the unit. In his time on 7300, Dylan has functioned in the role of bedside RN, Preceptor, and Charge Nurse as well as Co-Chair for the Heart Center Clinical Practice Committee. Additionally, he works as a Clinical Instructor for Duke University School of Nursing where he teaches ABSN students on surgical unit 6300 at Duke University Hospital. Prior to his endeavors in nursing, he has over a decade of experience in sales, marketing, and retail management.

Katia Anello, BSN, RN, will become the Assistant Nurse Manager of Operations for Duke University Hospital’s Cardiology Stepdown Unit 7300. Katia earned a Bachelor of Science in Nursing at the University of Lynchburg in 2019. She completed a summer PNA externship and was a clinical nurse for three years on 4100 General Medicine. She is a CAUTI and CLABSI Champion, Maestro Care User Group member, Magnet Ambassador, and Clinical Practice Council member. Katia was a 2021 CHG EBP Fellow and implemented a health system-wide charting change to help increase CHG bathing compliance. Katia will be attending Duke University this fall to get her Master’s in Nursing and Healthcare Leadership.

Congratulations to each of them. Please join us in welcoming Olivia, Dylan, and Katia to their new roles!


Ohman Celebration Held

Dr. Magnus Ohman was celebrated by dozens of friends, coworkers and family on Thursday evening, July 14th at the Washington Duke Inn. It was a special evening for guests to gather, mingle and reflect on their long-standing ties to Magnus and gave him an opportunity to see and thank colleagues from across the years.



Alumni News: Forging the Future of Biotech and the Business of Health Care

Duke alumnus Dr. Michael Cuffe is among four alumni profiled in the recent issue of DukeMed alumni news magazine as well as the SOM’s Magnify. Cuffe, a former Duke cardiology fellow, is now executive vice president and chief clinical officer at HCA Healthcare. Read the full story here: https://duke.is/5wu8g.



Photo of the Week

In a sight rarer than observing Halley’s Comet, all three Duke heart transplant surgeons arrived at clinic 2F2G to evaluate candidate heart transplant patients along with the Cardiothoracic OR APP Team! This was such a rare sight to have them together it required photo evidence for the archives. We appreciate all of the work being done by Drs. Carmelo Milano, Jacob Schroder and Ben Bryner — and the CT OR APP Team appreciated the sudden influx of expertise arriving to clinic!

Special thanks to Richard Sabulsky for the photo!


COVID-19 Update

All the latest Clinical Operations updates related to COVID can be found at https://covid-19.dukehealth.org. Patient-facing resources on DukeHealth.org can be found here: https://www.dukehealth.org/covid-19-update/resources. Duke University maintains a resource page as well, which can be accessed here: https://coronavirus.duke.edu/updates/for-staff.

Upcoming Events & Opportunities

July 22: Pressure and Volume Management in Heart Failure with Marat Fudim for Medicine Grand Rounds, 8 a.m. DUH 2002 or via Zoom.

July 26: Women in Cardiology. The WIC team postponed their event originally planned for June 30. Details will be announced soon. For more information, please contact cardiology fellow Karen Flores Rosario, MD.

August 17: Duke GME DEI ‘First Look’. The Duke Office of Graduate Medical Education is holding a virtual DEI ‘First Look’ event for potential incoming residents and fellows. It’s specifically designed for underrepresented applicants and any applicant interested in DEI issues. Registration is required.

October 14: Cardio-Oncology in the Era of Precision Medicine. Symposium to be held at the J.B. Duke Hotel, Durham, NC. Registration is open: https://bit.ly/CardioOnc22. Email Beth Tanner with questions: beth.tanner@duke.edu.

Cardiology Grand Rounds

Cardiology Grand Rounds has concluded and will resume in September.

Have news to share?

If you have news to share with the Pulse readership, please contact Tracey Koepke, director of communications for Duke Heart at tracey.koepke@duke.edu. We would love to hear about your latest accomplishments, professional news, cool happenings, and any events or opportunities that may be of interest to our Duke Heart family. Please call with any questions: 919-681-2868. Feedback on Pulse is welcome and encouraged. Submissions by Noon, Wednesdays, to be considered for weekend inclusion.

Duke Heart in the News:

July 8 — Nishant Shah

CBS-17/WNCN Raleigh

Most Americans don’t have optimal heart health


*story begins around 16:21:05

July 8 — Susan Dent

Cardiovascular Business

Could an effective breast cancer therapy be bad for the heart? NIH awards $3.1M to find out


July 9 — Duke Cancer Institute

Winston-Salem Journal

Atrium Wake Forest Baptist center participates in heart-cancer link study


July 12 — Manesh Patel

Health Digest

This Is When You Should Worry About Leg Pain


July 13 — Stuart Russell


The Heartache of Bereavement Can Be Fatal in Heart Failure


July 13 — Adrian Hernandez

Healthcare Purchasing News

Studies reveal fluticasone furoate ineffective against COVID-19 symptoms


July 13 — Adrian Hernandez


Researchers settle debate on another off-label COVID treatment


July 13 — Andrew Wang


Sneaky Signs You Could Have HCM


July 14 — Adrian Hernandez


Asthma Drug Fluticasone Fails as Potential COVID Treatment


July 14 — Sunil Rao


Interventional Imagers Take on Central Role, and More Radiation


July 14 — Vishal Rao and Robert Mentz


Duke, UNC medical schools team up on project that explores link between structural racism, heart health


Division of Cardiology Publications Indexed in PubMed July 7-13, 2022

Abramov D, Minhas AMK, Fudim M, Chung JS, Patel JN, Rabkin DG. Impact of the heart transplant allocation policy change on inpatient cost of index hospitalization. Clin Transplant 2022 Jul;36(7):e14692. PM: 35499219.

Filippatos G, Pitt B, Agarwal R, Farmakis D, Ruilope LM, Rossing P, Bauersachs J, Mentz RJ, Kolkhof P, Scott C, Joseph A, Bakris GL, Anker SD. Finerenone in patients with chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes with and without heart failure: a prespecified subgroup analysis of the FIDELIO-DKD trial. Eur J Heart Fail 2022 Jun;24(6):996-1005. PM: 35239204.

Giroux NS, Ding S, McClain MT, Burke TW, Petzold E, Chung HA, Rivera GO, Wang E, Xi R, Bose S, Rotstein T, Nicholson BP, Chen T, Henao R, Sempowski GD, Denny TN, De Ussel MI, Satterwhite LL, Ko ER, Ginsburg GS, Kraft BD, Tsalik EL, Shen X, Woods CW. Differential chromatin accessibility in peripheral blood mononuclear cells underlies COVID-19 disease severity prior to seroconversion. Sci Rep 2022 Jul 9;12(1):11714. PM: 35810186.

Keshvani N, Mehta A, Alger HM, Rutan C, Williams J, Zhang S, Young R, Alhanti B, Chiswell K, Greene SJ, DeVore AD, Yancy CW, Fonarow GC, Pandey A. Heart failure quality of care and in-hospital outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: findings from the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry. Eur J Heart Fail 2022 Jun;24(6):1117-1128. PM: 35289038.

Kochav JD, Kim J, Judd R, Tak KA, Janjua E, Maciejewski AJ, Kim HW, Klem I, Heitner J, Shah D, Zoghbi WA, Shenoy C, Farzaneh-Far A, Polsani V, Villar-Calle P, Parker M, Judd KM, Khalique OK, Leon MB, Devereux RB, Levine RA, Kim RJ, Weinsaft JW. Myocardial Contractile Mechanics in Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: Multicenter Data Using Stress Perfusion Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2022 Jul;15(7):1212-1226. PM: 35798397.

Kuneman JH, El Mahdiui M, van Rosendael AR, van den Hoogen IJ, Patel MR, Nørgaard BL, Fairbairn TA, Nieman K, Akasaka T, Berman DS, Hurwitz Koweek LM, Pontone G, Kawasaki T, Rønnow Sand NP, Jensen JM, Amano T, Poon M, Øvrehus KA, Sonck J, Rabbat MG, et al. Coronary volume to left ventricular mass ratio in patients with diabetes mellitus. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr Jul-Aug 2022;16(4):319-326. PM: 35190274.

Moll-Bernardes R, Fortier SC, Sousa AS, Lopes RD, Vera N, Conde L, Feldman A, Arruda G, Cabral-Castro M, Albuquerque DC, Paula TC, Furquim T, Loures VA, Giusti K, Oliveira N, Macedo A, Barros E Silva P, De Luca F, Kotsugai M, Domiciano R, Silva FA, et al. NKG2A Expression among CD8 Cells Is Associated with COVID-19 Progression in Hypertensive Patients: Insights from the BRACE CORONA Randomized Trial. J Clin Med 2022 Jun 27;11(13):3713. PM: 35806995.

Patel RA, Musharoff SA, Spence JP, Pimentel H, Tcheandjieu C, Mostafavi H, Sinnott-Armstrong N, Clarke SL, Smith CJ,  , Durda PP, Taylor KD, Tracy R, Liu Y, Johnson WC, Aguet F, Ardlie KG, Gabriel S, Smith J, Nickerson DA, Rich SS, Rotter JI, Tsao PS, et al. Genetic interactions drive heterogeneity in causal variant effect sizes for gene expression and complex traits. Am J Hum Genet 2022 Jul 7;109(7):1286-1297. PM: 35716666.

Vaduganathan M, Piccini JP, Camm AJ, Crijns HJGM, Anker SD, Butler J, Stewart J, Braceras R, Albuquerque APA, Wieloch M, Hohnloser SH. Dronedarone for the treatment of atrial fibrillation with concomitant heart failure with preserved and mildly reduced ejection fraction: a post-hoc analysis of the ATHENA trial. Eur J Heart Fail 2022 Jun;24(6):1094-1101. PM: 35293087.


Duke Heart Pulse – July 10th 2022

Highlights of the week:

Yaport Joins CT Anesthesia Faculty

Mihai Podgoreanu, MD, announced the arrival this week of the newest faculty member to join the CT Anesthesia team. Dr. Miguel Yaport comes to Duke after serving for the past two years as a faculty member at Tufts, including as an attending in their Cardiovascular Center ICUs.

After obtaining his medical degree at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Miguel completed anesthesiology residency at the University of Pennsylvania, followed by a pediatric anesthesia fellowship at Montefiore and a Critical Care Fellowship at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

Miguel will start in the CTICU later this month and will also participate in the care of non-CT critically ill patients. His research interests include pulmonary hypertension, cardiogenic shock, value-based healthcare, and process-based improvement.

Welcome, Miguel!


Farrell Retires from Duke CTICU

Congratulations to Deb Farrell, an absolutely terrific Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit (CTICU) nurse, who retired from Duke at the end of June. She joined the Duke team in 1995, having already worked elsewhere as a nurse for 16 years (she has been an RN since 1979).

During her time in the CTICU, she served as preceptor, charge nurse, chair of the unit’s scheduling committee, as a member of the unit research committee and a member of the Duke University Hospital Informatics Council. She has been a member of our Maestro workgroup and the Rapid Response Team. She also cross-trained to both the DUH Dialysis team and Hyperbarics team in order to help those departments.

Deb is a winner of the 2021 American Association of Critical-Care Nurses Circle of Excellence Award, one of 25 given nationally each year to outstanding ICU nurses. She also was the recipient of a Duke Friends of Nursing Award in 2007.

Deb has been instrumental in shaping the care delivered to our cardiothoracic patients over the years and as a mentor and colleague to countless nurses on the CTICU. She will be missed! We wish her all the best in retirement.

Congrats, Deb!


Sangvai Named Interim President, Duke Regional

Devdutta Sangvai, MD, has accepted the role of interim president for Duke Regional Hospital. The search for a successor to Katie Galbraith, who announced her retirement from the role will take place in August, is now underway.

Sangvai stepped down this year as out-going Chair of the Durham County Hospital Corporation Board of Trustees, which is responsible for Duke Regional Hospital. He is well-known and admired by the Durham community. At Duke Health, Sangvai is vice chair for strategy for the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health and Vice President for Population Health Management, leading the Population Health Management Office (PHMO) at Duke University Health System. Complementing the work of PHMO, Sangvai is also Executive Director of Duke Connected Care, Duke’s accountable care organization/clinically integrated network.

Barbara Griffith, MD, President of Duke Raleigh Hospital and former Chief Medical Officer for Duke Regional Hospital, will co-chair the search committee for the new president of Duke Regional with Craig Albanese, MD.

Congratulations, Dev!


Alumni News: Echols Named Chief DEI Officer for ACC

Melvin R. Echols, MD, associate professor of medicine in cardiology at Morehouse School of Medicine and alumnus of Duke’s internal medicine and cardiology training programs, has been named Chief Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Officer by the American College of Cardiology (ACC).

The news was announced Thursday, July 7. Echols will lead the ACC’s diversity, equity and inclusion strategy and programs, while also maintaining a portion of his current clinical and research responsibilities at Morehouse School of Medicine in Atlanta. His term begins July 18.

“The discovery of commonalities between people and culture while providing quality cardiovascular care to all is strengthened by diversity, and will ultimately improve health equity in our society,” Echols said. “Everyone has a part to play in this mission and should feel included in helping to make our society and the world better than yesterday.”

Congratulations, Melvin!!


Kudos to Laura Blue, Lead VAD Coordinator

There are members of our team who serve as something of a backbone for us – people who work relentlessly toward the goal of ensuring great patient care, access to clinical trials, and excellent patient education. One of those team members is Laura Blue, RN, AGNP, DNP, who has served as our lead Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) coordinator since 2003.

We received a really terrific note about her recently which made us think about the hundreds of lives she has touched during her time with us at Duke. She has done this not only through direct patient care and training, but also through her work on some of the largest device clinical trials that Duke Heart has participated in. We reached out to a number of her closest colleagues and a patient for their thoughts about her and the work she has done. But first, the original note stated:

“I wanted to send a big thank you to Laura. As you know, she means a lot to her patients especially the patients who were implanted years ago. Last week, a family decided to withdraw VAD support from a patient. The family said, “We want Laura to be here, she has known us since we were little and gave grandmom so many great years.” While speaking, the family member gestured the height of a small child. In this time of sadness, the thought of Laura being with the family brought them so much comfort. Laura rounded with us earlier that day and returned to the hospital for another 4 hours that evening and night to be with the patient and assist with the VAD. This was really kind of Laura to do and to stay with the family for some time after.”Rio Landa, Co-team leader, Cardiology APPs

We know this story is not uncommon when it comes to Laura. She is extremely dedicated to our patients, to helping them learn about their condition and how to prepare for a device as well as how to care for it. She works hard to ensure caregivers understand how to best help their loved one.

“I met Laura in May of 2013 when I got my first VAD. I built up a relationship with Laura and all the people on the VAD team over the years. They’ve done a lot for me. I didn’t know what a VAD was until I got to Duke. I had never heard of it before. I had been living with congestive heart failure, couldn’t walk – certainly not much of a distance – I’d just give out. Once I got the VAD and got rehab, I was walking 20 miles a week with it. Laura Blue trained me and my wife, who was my caretaker at the time. Laura trained us both in how to maintain the VAD. She taught us everything we needed to know – especially that the main thing we had to do was maintain it and keep it clean so I wouldn’t get an infection, and I never got one in the seven years I had it. In between VADs, I was treated for cancer. In order to be eligible for transplant, I’d have to be cancer-free for 5 years. About a year before I was eligible for my second VAD, I ended up at Duke with double pneumonia and the doctor mentioned my weight to me, but you know, it was Laura who came to me and said, “I’m gonna shoot it to you straight. You’ve got to lose some weight if you want to get on transplant.” So, when I got better from the pneumonia, I got after it seven days a week. I’d get up at 5 a.m. and I’d start walking, maybe a quarter of a mile. I eventually got up to 3 miles per day and I did that seven days a week. I lost the weight, changed my eating habits, and lost 100 pounds. When I got my transplant, I said, “I might come back to Duke for something, but it ain’t going to be because of my heart.” So, I kept up the program and I still walk about 20 miles a week now. I’ve dropped another 100 pounds since my transplant. I thank Laura for this; I wouldn’t be here today without her help. She really took time with me and encouraged me and made a big difference in my life.”Glen Barron, two-time Duke VAD recipient & grateful heart transplant patient

Helen Barnes has supported Laura for more than 10 years at Duke. She has come to know the patients, too, and says that Laura is often the first person that any patient asks for – she is the face at Duke that they recognize most and she’s the person they request if they’re in distress.

“Laura is such an encourager. She is so great at rooting for her team members and for her patients. She encouraged me to continue my education and she really helped motivate me along the way. She is a great person – I have seen her stay at Duke at night with families if a patient isn’t doing well. I’ve seen her take food to their homes. She goes 110 percent for her patients. She truly cares — she treats them as she’d like to see her family treated. She encourages her team to do the same – to treat them like individuals. She may come across as having a hard exterior sometimes, but inside she has such a big heart and she really loves all her team members, too. She’s a team player and a great asset to Duke.”Helen Barnes, staff assistant

 “Laura has been working with LVAD patients since the start of the program in the 1990s. Her amazing dedication to the field and to our Duke patients has resulted in care improvements that are implemented around the world. Despite her international reputation, the patients at Duke think of her as one of them and it is no surprise that a long-time Duke patient and family would feel this way about Laura. She always has the patient’s best interest at heart. It is a privilege to work with her.”Stu Russell, MD

“Laura is a true professional. You can call on her for LVAD emergencies at all times of the day, night and weekend. She’s responsive and really helps our patients. She is always on call for the LVAD patient. She has enabled the Duke Heart Center to be the leading enroller in numerous national LVAD trials including the Heartmate II Thoratec trial, ENDURANCE (Heartware Medtronic trial) and most recently the MOMENTUM trial (Heartmate III Abbott trial).  Because of our leading role in these trials, Duke has become a national leader in mechanical circulatory support, in general. I’d say she has been instrumental.”Carmelo Milano, MD


“I’d like to take a moment to express gratitude for Laura and the work done to expand access to VAD care both inside the walls of Duke University Hospital and across the state. Laura has taught thousands of patients, families and healthcare team members how to safely care for VADs so patients can receive care both here at DUH and in the community.”Stephanie G. Barnes, MSN, Clinical Director for Advanced Heart Failure Services

“Dr. Laura Blue is an icon in the mechanical circulatory support specialty at Duke and across the country. Her knowledge and experience are unmatched. Laura has partnered to support numerous trials and new devices to literally change and shape this technology over the years. She is always an advocate for the patients and their loved ones and has been a pivotal team member in the development and success of the Duke Mechanical Circulatory Support program. We are fortunate to have Laura on the Duke Heart team!”Jill Engel, DNP, Associate Vice President for Duke Heart Services


Kudos to Hoke!

Anna Lisa Chamis shared a terrific note she received this week from Melissa Daubert regarding cardiology fellow Cara Hoke:

“Thank you for the terrific work and long hours you put in today! You handled a very full TEE board and many other requests today with aplomb. We had some great cases, and your reports were terrific with descriptive and quantitative detail. Your thoughtfulness is truly appreciated. It has been a pleasure to work with you!”

Way to go, Cara!


Shout-out to the DUH Cath Lab team!

A big shout-out to the Duke University Hospital cardiac catheterization lab team – a note from Jenn Rymer sent to Anna Mall stated:

“I had an ICU patient pending discharge on June 24 (but needed cath before discharge). JP and several others stayed to help get the patient a diagnostic cath with Dr. Othman so the patient could go home. I really appreciate the willingness to do what is right for the patient so that he could get home that weekend.”

Shown here are cath lab team members (L-R): Miranda Olson, Nicole Mee, Gloria Gonde, JP Maarschalk, and Jen Lutz.

Great patient-centered teamwork! Thanks, everyone!


Thompson Receives ‘High 5’

Cardiology nurse practitioner Shelley Thompson recently earned a ‘High Five’ as part of the DUHS peer recognition program. She was nominated by Richa Agarwal, who said in the nomination:

​​”Shelley is a fierce patient advocate and provided amazing support to a patient and their spouse during a very difficult time.”

Congrats, Shelley!


Photos of the Week

Pamela Douglas and Tracy Wang along with Minnow Walsh of St. Vincent Health, chair the ACC’s Clinical Trial Research (CRT) Program, the three are shown here with other members of the faculty from across the U.S. The team aims to further develop the skill sets of cardiologists and PhD researchers seeking to succeed in clinical research. Their 2022 cohort was held recently. Well done!

Jack Haney celebrated the start of the training year with new chief residents for Duke cardiovascular and thoracic surgery (L-R): Julie Doberne, James Meza, Haney, Jessica Hudson and Mike Mulvihill.

Cardiology fellow Balim Senman styling one of her fabulous blazers with “Balim’s Blazer Boys” (Joshua Neal and Derek Woodruff, PGY-1s, Duke internal medicine). In a post to Twitter, Senman stated: “Congratulations to these two phenomenal interns for absolutely KILLING it in their first week of intern year!!” Way to go!

And this great pic, courtesy of Jenn Rymer, of our incoming first year cardiology fellows after their procedural bootcamp. Here they are again, enjoying an evening out at Bull McCabe’s in downtown Durham. Looking good everyone — we are so glad you’re here!


A Dose of Inspiration

Who doesn’t need a little inspiration from time to time? Here are two items we came across last week that are worth checking out:

Handle Hard Better with Kara Lawson of Duke Women’s Basketball


The Washington Post

Their dad was drowning. They saved him using CPR they saw in movie scenes. Washington Post article: https://duke.is/yehz8

Enjoy the coming week!


COVID-19 Update

All the latest Clinical Operations updates related to COVID can be found at https://covid-19.dukehealth.org. Patient-facing resources on DukeHealth.org can be found here: https://www.dukehealth.org/covid-19-update/resources. Duke University maintains a resource page as well, which can be accessed here: https://coronavirus.duke.edu/updates/for-staff.


Upcoming Events & Opportunities

July 26: Women in Cardiology. The WIC team postponed their event originally planned for June 30. Details will be announced soon. For more information, please contact cardiology fellow Karen Flores Rosario, MD.

August 17: Duke GME DEI ‘First Look’. The Duke Office of Graduate Medical Education is holding a virtual DEI ‘First Look’ event for potential incoming residents and fellows. It’s specifically designed for underrepresented applicants and any applicant interested in DEI issues. Registration is required.


Cardiology Grand Rounds

Cardiology Grand Rounds has concluded and will resume in September.


Have news to share?

If you have news to share with the Pulse readership, please contact Tracey Koepke, director of communications for Duke Heart at tracey.koepke@duke.edu. We would love to hear about your latest accomplishments, professional news, cool happenings, and any events or opportunities that may be of interest to our Duke Heart family. Please call with any questions: 919-681-2868. Feedback on Pulse is welcome and encouraged. Submissions by Noon, Wednesdays, to be considered for weekend inclusion.

Duke Heart in the News:

June 21 — Harry Severance

EP Monthly

Should You Stay or Should You Go?


July 1 — Allan Kirk


Heart transplants from pigs move a step closer with US health chiefs ‘set to approve bigger trials next year’ in wake of world-first op


July 6 — William Kraus


Everyday Habits That Make You Live Longer, Say Experts


July 6 — Michael Pencina


Few Adults Eligible for Primary Prevention With Statins in Latest ESC Guidelines


July 6 — Jonathan Piccini


HRtv Update: Residual Leaks Post Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion


Division of Cardiology Publications Indexed in PubMed June 30 – July 6, 2022

Aulin J, Hijazi Z, Lindbäck J, Alexander JH, Gersh BJ, Granger CB, Hanna M, Horowitz J, Lopes RD, McMurray JJV, Oldgren J, Siegbahn A, Wallentin L. Biomarkers and heart failure events in patients with atrial fibrillation in the ARISTOTLE trial evaluated by a multi-state model. Am Heart J 2022 Sep;251:13-24. PM: 35569564.

Blumenthal JA, Smith PJ, Jiang W, Hinderliter A, Watkins LL, Hoffman BM, Kraus WE, Mabe S, Liao L, Davidson J, Sherwood A. Longer term benefits of exercise and escitalopram in the treatment of anxiety in patients with coronary heart disease: Six month follow-up of the UNWIND randomized clinical trial. Am Heart J 2022 Sep;251:91-100. PM: 35609671.

Cantor WJ, Tan M, Berwanger O, Lavi S, White HD, Nicolau JC, Dehghani P, Tajer CD, Lopes RD, Moia DDF, Nicholls SJ, Parkhomenko A, Averkov O, Brass N, Lutchmedial S, Malaga G, Damiani LP, Piegas LS, Granger CB, Goodman SG. Morphine and clinical outcomes in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolytic and antiplatelet therapy: Insights from the TREAT trial. Am Heart J 2022 Sep;251:1-12. PM: 35533724.

DeVore AD, Bosworth HB, Granger BB. Improving implementation of evidence-based therapies for heart failure. Clin Cardiol 2022 Jun;45 Suppl 1:S52-S59. PM: 35789019.

Florido R, Daya NR, Ndumele CE, Koton S, Russell SD, Prizment A, Blumenthal RS, Matsushita K, Mok Y, Felix AS, Coresh J, Joshu CE, Platz EA, Selvin E. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Cancer Survivors: The Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities (ARIC) Study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2022 Jul 5;80(1):22-32. PM: 35772913.

Greene SJ, Lautsch D, Gaggin HK, Djatche LM, Zhou M, Song Y, Signorovitch J, Stevenson AS, Blaustein RO, Butler J. Contemporary outpatient management of patients with worsening heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: Rationale and design of the CHART-HF study. Am Heart J 2022 Sep;251:127-136. PM: 35640728.

Johnson JN, Loriaux DB, Jenista E, Kim HW, Baritussio A, De Garate Iparraguirre E, Bucciarelli-Ducci C, Denny V, O’Connor B, Siddiqui S, Fujikura K, Benton CW, Weinsaft JW, Kochav J, Kim J, Madamanchi C, Steigner M, Kwong R, Chango-Azanza D, Chapa M, et al. Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2021 cases of SCMR and COVID-19 case collection series. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 2022 Jul 4;24(1):42. PM: 35787291.

Kir D, Zhang S, Kaltenbach LA, Fonarow GC, Matsouaka RA, Piccini JP, Desai NR. Patterns of care for first-detected atrial fibrillation: Insights from the Get With The Guidelines® – Atrial Fibrillation registry. Heart Rhythm 2022 Jul;19(7):1049-1057. PM: 35247626.

Lunardi M, Louvard Y, Lefèvre T, Stankovic G, Burzotta F, Kassab GS, Lassen JF, Darremont O, Garg S, Koo BK, Holm NR, Johnson TW, Pan M, Chatzizisis YS, Banning A, Chieffo A, Dudek D, Hildick-Smith D, Garot J, Henry TD, Dangas G, Stone GW, Krucoff MW, et al. Definitions and Standardized Endpoints for Treatment of Coronary Bifurcations. J Am Coll Cardiol 2022 Jul 5;80(1):63-88. PM: 35597684.

Maia IS, Marcadenti A, Zampieri FG, Damiani LP, Santos RHN, Negrelli KL, Gomes SPDC, Gomes JO, Carollo MBDS, Miranda TA, Santucci E, Valeis N, Laranjeira LN, Westphal GA, Horta JGA, Flato UAP, Fernandes C, Barros WC, Bolan RS, Gebara OCE, Alencar Filho MS. Antivirals for adult patients hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 infection: A randomized, Phase II/III, multicenter, placebo-controlled, adaptive study, with multiple arms and stages. COALITION COVID-19 BRAZIL IX – REVOLUTIOn: protocol and statistical analysis. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva Jan-Mar 2022;34(1):44-55. PM: 35766657.

Park DY, Wang P, An S, Grimshaw AA, Frampton J, Ohman EM, Rao SV, Nanna MG. Shortening the duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am Heart J 2022 Sep;251:101-114. PM: 35654162.

Pierce JB, Mentz RJ, Sun JL, Alhanti B, Whellan DJ, Kraus WE, Piña IL, Fiuzat M, O’Connor CM, Greene SJ. Titration of medical therapy and clinical outcomes among patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: Findings from the HF-ACTION trial. Am Heart J 2022 Sep;251:115-126. PM: 35640729.

Sag AA, Patel P. CT-Guided Cooled Radiofrequency Denervation for Chronic Arthritis Pain of the Hip and Shoulder. Semin Intervent Radiol 2022 Jun 30;39(2):150-156. PM: 35781997.

Ten Lohuis CC, Burke SC, Jannuzzo CJ, Barker NA, Chen EP, Busse LW. Protocol Compliance Guiding Angiotensin II Use in Post Cardiovascular Surgery Vasoplegia. Crit Care Explor 2022 May 13;4(5):e0687. PM: 35783549.

Vader JM, Givertz MM, Starling RC, McNulty SE, Anstrom KJ, Desvigne-Nickens P, Hernandez AF, Braunwald E, Mann DL. Tolerability of Sacubitril/Valsartan in Patients With Advanced Heart Failure: Analysis of the LIFE Trial Run-In. JACC Heart Fail 2022 Jul;10(7):449-456. PM: 35772853.


Duke Heart Pulse – July 3rd 2022

Chief’s message: Happy July 4th

As noted over the last few weeks of the pulse, we welcome in new Cardiology fellows and CT surgery residents this week.  We will share their experiences, more about each of the individuals, and our continual work to improve how we deliver cardiovascular care in the upcoming weeks.  We also hope you all have some time to celebrate July 4th with Friends and family this weekend.

Highlights of the week:

Mark Leithe, MD, Retires from Duke Health

Mark Leithe, MD, has officially retired from Duke as of June 30. Leith, a cardiologist who did his fellowship training in cardiology at Duke, worked for a number of years at Wake Med — including as chairman of their department of medicine — before rejoining the Duke Heart team in 2010. Leithe has served as chief of Duke Cardiology of Raleigh since that time, as well as director of the Cardiac Catheterization Lab at Duke Raleigh Hospital.

“It has been a true privilege to begin and end my cardiology career at Duke,” says Leithe. “I began my cardiology fellowship in 1987, with Magnus Ohman, Paul Gurbel, and Bill Parsons. My career path was somewhat unusual in that I left the academic center and worked for 19 years in a very busy interventional cardiology practice prior to returning to Duke Cardiology 12 years ago. Due to this anomalous course, Manesh has described me as ‘a unicorn’.

“While at Wake Med, I frequently held up Duke as the example of excellence in cardiology, which they may not have appreciated,” Leith adds. “Practicing at Duke has enabled me to deliver the best care to my patients due to excellence in specialized services, such as rhythm management, structural heart, and advanced heart failure, to mention just a few. In addition, participation in teaching and in clinical research at Duke have enriched my career immensely.

“I will miss my many patients, some of whom I’ve known for 29 years, and who have become friends. One such patient came to the office this month with a retirement gift for me and told our staff that she has been with me longer than she was with either of her two husbands.

“I will miss my partners at Duke Cardiology of Raleigh, who are collectively the finest group of physicians and people that I know. Some of my best friends in my life I have met during my time at Duke, and we have shared vacations, holidays and raising families. I plan to step back now and meditate on the things that I will attach the most importance to. I can see that exercising my right brain with art, music and reading will be in my future. I can also see that trips to New Jersey to spend time with our grandchildren will also be a priority.”

Mark’s wife, Linda Leithe, MD, a neuroradiologist at Duke, is planning to cut back her hours over the coming year and then retire next summer. Leithe added that all of his team members have been extremely gracious by holding a number of celebrations in his honor and that he’s been deeply touched by the outpouring.

The physician members of the Duke Cardiology of Raleigh practice and their spouses held a retirement dinner for Mark on Friday, June 10 in the wine cellar of the Angus Barn in Raleigh. The Duke Cardiology of Raleigh team hosted a retirement luncheon on Tuesday, June 28 at their clinic on the Duke Raleigh Hospital Campus — a number of former team members from the past twelve years joined to congratulate Leithe in person, and the Cath team at Duke Raleigh hosted a celebratory dinner on Thursday, June 30.

We spoke with several Duke Heart team members about Mark’s lasting impact on them. Here is some of what they shared with us:

Mark retiring is a big loss for the Duke Cardiology of Raleigh group and the division of cardiology, but most importantly, it is a loss for our cardiology patients.  Mark has been a dedicated clinician and physician leader within our community for decades. His patients adore him, and many of them think of him as family. He makes a major effort to connect with his patients on a personal level that extends beyond the typical patient-physician relationship. The staff in clinic and in the cath lab appreciate his kindness, patience, and level of respect. He is admired by his colleagues, and he has been in invaluable mentor to many of us. Mark is humble and eager to listen and learn from others. Mark has always been dedicated to the mission of lifelong learning and focused on providing the highest level of patient care. This is exemplified by the fact that he regularly attends the Mayo Clinic Board Review, taking time away from his family and personal life, simply to make sure that he stays up to date on the latest cardiovascular care. While I am excited for Mark to enjoy his retirement, he will certainly be missed, as he is irreplaceable.” — Sean Pokorney, MD

Mark has been an outstanding cardiologist in Wake county for over 30 years. His care for cardiac patients is renowned, but his biggest contribution was to build the Duke Cardiology practice at Duke Raleigh into the premier multi-disciplinary cardiology group in Wake county. Thousands of patients have been touched by Mark’s care. Many of us have occasionally seen his patients in follow-up and you immediately recognize the patient’s great admiration for the care that Mark provided to them. His clinical acumen will be very hard to follow but we wish him the very best in retirement.” — Magnus Ohman, MD

Dr. Leithe has been amazing to work with for the last 12 years. He’s the type of leader that every team wishes for – thoughtful, caring, compassionate, a great listener and available. He leaves Duke Cardiology of Raleigh with a strong team and great leadership in place. I’ll be forever thankful for the opportunity he gave me 12 years ago. He will be greatly missed.”

Cheri Wills, HCA, Duke Cardiology of Raleigh

I will greatly miss Mark as he begins well-deserved retirement. Mark welcomed me to the Raleigh office a few years ago after working with me in the cath lab during my fellowship. As I started there, he made sure it was easy and fun (and busy!) to work with the group at Duke Cardiology of Raleigh. He, along with James Mills, have been a constant source of support as we navigated building this new clinic, and from early on has been enthusiastic about supporting its growth. I have also noticed, countless times, Mark’s dedication to his large panel of patients — many of whom have seen him for decades and always speak glowingly of him. Mark has been a great friend, colleague and leader over the years. I wish him the best in retirement!” — Kishan Parikh, MD

Mark has done an outstanding job here at Duke Cardiology of Raleigh. He has overseen and facilitated a lot of growth in the practice and set a really good leadership example for the group. On top of that, as a clinician, he has been a fantastic interventionalist — a very careful and considered cardiologist who always, always made himself available to look at films and talk about cases. I couldn’t have asked for a better colleague. His patients have been very loyal to him and rightly so. He’s personable, deeply caring and just a good guy to have around, not only clinically but for his collegiality and friendship. He has always been a triple-threat, so to speak. He’s skilled in the cath lab, great clinically, and he gets along so beautifully with the team and patients. He’s got high marks in all those areas and we are going to miss him.” — James Peterson, MD

Speaking for James Mills and the whole Duke Raleigh team, and our entire faculty, I can say that Mark will be missed.  He represents some of the best of Duke Cardiology and, as noted by many, was the standard bearer for interventional and clinical cardiology in Wake county for more than 30 years.  His leadership, focus on clinical care and education, and continual work to drive our practice in a patient-centered way will be lasting legacies.

Duke Stanford Symposium Held

We were very excited this week for the long-awaited Duke-Stanford Cardiovascular Research Symposium, hosted by Duke. The event took place in the Great Hall of the Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans Center. This was the third such event held as part of the Duke-Stanford cardiovascular partnership and is jointly organized by teams at Duke and Stanford University. The hybrid symposium, with more than 160 attendees registered to attend virtually and in-person, offered 30 speakers on a wide range of cardiovascular research.

“The quality of the science presented this week was excellent,” said Howard Rockman, MD, the Edward S. Orgain Distinguished Professor of Cardiology and director of the CVRC. “The event offered great recognition of the many ties between Duke and Stanford cardiovascular researchers.”

Keynotes included Dr. Deepak Srivastava, president of the Gladstone Institutes and Dr. Chris Newgard of the Duke Molecular Physiology Institute. Other highlights included an Innovation Panel with Dr. Howard Rockman, director of the Duke CVRC, Dr. Joe Wu, director of the Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Dr. Victor Dzau, president of the National Academy of Medicine, former chancellor for health affairs at Duke and a CVRC faculty member, and chief of Duke’s division of cardiology, Dr. Manesh Patel, as well as a mentorship session with Dr. Robert Lefkowitz and the CURE students — a group of Duke undergraduates participating in the DCRC’s Cardiovascular Undergraduate Research Experiences (CURE) educational enrichment program which launched this summer.

“It was terrific to finally hold this symposium,” said Maria Price-Rapoza, PhD, executive director of Duke CVRC. “We appreciate the many colleagues who contributed to make this event a success.”

The Duke Stanford Symposium was supported by a grant from the Edna and Fred L. Mandel Jr. Foundation. Funding for the CURE program is also provided by the Mandel Foundation.


Galbraith Retiring; Heading to Lankenau

Katie Galbraith, president of Duke Regional Hospital, has announced her retirement from this role, which will take effect in mid-August. She will begin a new position as president of Lankenau Medical Center, part of Main Line Health in the Philadelphia area, this fall.

In a message to DUHS leadership this week, Craig Albanese, MD, executive vice president and chief operating officer, thanked her for her many years of service to Duke Health.

“We will sorely miss her and her irreplaceable spirit and leadership here at Duke,” said Albanese. “Let’s all express our enormous gratitude for her more than two decades of achievements that have improved health care access and quality for hundreds of thousands of patients and family members that Duke Health serves each year.”

Galbraith’s remarkable and exemplary 26-year career at Duke Health began as a temporary receptionist. Her talent was recognized early, and soon she was asked to apply her expertise and skills to tell our Duke Health story, progressing through roles in media relations, communications and marketing. She served Duke Children’s Hospital for five years in public relations and development, and, in 2001, accepted a role at Duke Regional Hospital. She made Duke Regional her home, taking on higher and higher scopes of accountability, from marketing and business development to strategic planning to hospital operations, and finally serving as vice president, and then as president in May 2014.

During Galbraith’s tenure as president, Duke Regional Hospital consistently has been recognized for excellence in patient care, including achieving Five Stars from CMS in 2019 and 2020, and Four Stars in 2021 and 2022. The hospital has received the Governor’s Award for Performance Excellence in 2015 and 2016 and has been ranked among the top hospitals in North Carolina by U.S. News & World Report and by Healthgrades America’s 100 Best Hospitals in 2018 and 2019, America’s 250 Best Hospitals 2017, 2018 and 2019, and Patient Safety Excellence Award 2017, 2018 and 2019. Duke Regional Hospital has been recognized as a leader in LGBTQ+ Healthcare Equality by the Human Rights Campaign Foundation since 2013.

Her most enduring legacy may be the 2021 opening of Duke Behavioral Health Center North Durham, a 112,000-square-foot comprehensive center bringing together inpatient, outpatient and emergency behavioral health services in what was the largest construction project in the history of Duke Regional Hospital. Today, the behavioral health center serves patients from throughout the state, meeting an urgent community need for highest quality inpatient and outpatient behavioral health care for both adults and children.

Galbraith credits much of this success to the collaborative spirit and commitment to continuous improvement that characterize teamwork at Duke Regional Hospital and all of Duke Health.

For those of you who have worked with her over the years, you know what a warm, welcoming person she is and that her commitment to Duke has been exceptional. She will be missed. Please join us in congratulating her on an incredible career at Duke Health and wishing her well in her new role.

ICYMI: Year-End Messages from Duke’s DOS, DOM

Duke’s Department of Surgery and Department of Medicine each held their annual “State of the Department” year-end presentations recently. Both events included highlights of work done by the Duke Heart team over the past year and are worth viewing.

Dr. Allan D. Kirk, chair of the Department of Surgery presented his address, Moving Forward Together, on Friday, June 17. To view it, please visit: https://duke.is/46ucr.

Dr. Kathleen Cooney, chair of the Department of Medicine presented her address, Trailblazing Toward Tomorrow, during Medicine Grand Rounds on Friday, June 24. To view it, please visit: https://duke.is/bhhdp.

Congratulations to all Duke Heart team members for the work you did over the past year. Together we are doing great things!

ICYMI: Klotman Reappointed Dean, Duke SOM

Mary E. Klotman, MD, has been reappointed for a second five-year term as dean of the Duke University School of Medicine, vice chancellor for health affairs at Duke University, and chief academic officer for Duke University Health System. Her new term began on July 1, 2022.

Pagidipati at HID2022

Neha Pagidipati, MD, presented on cardiovascular risk factors during pregnancy during the 6th annual Heart in Diabetes (HID) conference held June 24-26 in Philadelphia. Her presentation on this critical topic was very well received.

Way to go, Neha!


Palma Named to CAAHEP Board, Effective July 1

Richard Palma, program director of the Duke Cardiac Ultrasound Certificate Program, has been elected to the Board of Directors for the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP); the role is effective as of July 1. Palma will represent the Hospital/VA Educational membership category and his term will run until June 30, 2025.

Earlier this year, Palma was appointed a commissioner to the CAAHEP, a role he vacates due to his election to the Board of Directors.

Congratulations, Richie!


William Harvey Golf Tourney Results

The U.S. team, including Magnus Ohman, Larry Crawford and Kristin Newby (team captain) from Duke, did their best to bring home the William Harvey Trophy. Heading into the final day of competition during the William Harvey Golf Tournament being held in northern Italy, the US team had a mathematical chance (note the hopeful faces in the team picture, which was taken prior to the final-day matches), but could not overcome history and fell just short in a very respectable second place finish after four days of match play competition: EU 15.5, US 11, Great Britain & Ireland 8.5.

Amazingly, in 11 William Harvey tournaments spanning 20 years of competition, the home team has always won the William Harvey Trophy!! We now look forward to the 2024 tournament which will take place on home soil in the US, giving us the chance to keep this historical streak alive!

COVID-19 Update

All the latest Clinical Operations updates related to COVID can be found at https://covid-19.dukehealth.org. Patient-facing resources on DukeHealth.org can be found here: https://www.dukehealth.org/covid-19-update/resources. Duke University maintains a resource page as well, which can be accessed here: https://coronavirus.duke.edu/updates/for-staff.

Upcoming Events & Opportunities

July 26: Women in Cardiology. The WIC team postponed their event originally planned for June 30. Details will be announced soon. For more information, please contact cardiology fellow Karen Flores Rosario, MD.

Cardiology Grand Rounds

Cardiology Grand Rounds has concluded and will resume in September.

Have news to share?

If you have news to share with the Pulse readership, please contact Tracey Koepke, director of communications for Duke Heart at tracey.koepke@duke.edu. We would love to hear about your latest accomplishments, professional news, cool happenings, and any events or opportunities that may be of interest to our Duke Heart family. Please call with any questions: 919-681-2868. Feedback on Pulse is welcome and encouraged. Submissions by Noon, Wednesdays, to be considered for weekend inclusion.

Duke Heart in the News:

June 29 — Robert Mentz

Medpage Today

Bye-Bye, ‘Life’s Simple 7’: AHA Redefines Cardiovascular Health by Adding Sleep


June 29 — Stuart Russell

Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiology

Adult Cancer Survivors Have Higher Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Than Those Without Cancer, Study Shows


(Last two week of Division of Cardiology Publications)

Division of Cardiology Publications Indexed in PubMed June 23-29, 2022

Anjorin AC, Greiner MA, Vemulapalli S, Svetkey L, Southerland KW, Bosworth HB. Underutilization of Guideline-based Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening in an Academic Health System. Ann Vasc Surg 2022 Jul;83:184-194. PM: 34942338.

Baksh SS, Pratt RE, Gomez J, Dzau VJ, Hodgkinson CP. A novel Cbx1, PurB, and Sp3 complex mediates long-term silencing of tissue- and lineage-specific genes. J Biol Chem 2022 Jun;298(6):102053. PM: 35605661.

Davis TME, Giczewska A, Lokhnygina Y, Mentz RJ, Sattar N, Holman RR. Effect of race on cardiometabolic responses to once-weekly exenatide: insights from the Exenatide Study of Cardiovascular Event Lowering (EXSCEL). Cardiovasc Diabetol 2022 Jun 27;21(1):116. PM: 35761271.

Grego S, Welling CM, Miller GH, Coggan PF, Sellgren KL, Hawkins BT, Ginsburg GS, Ruiz JR, Fisher DA, Stoner BR. A hands-free stool sampling system for monitoring intestinal health and disease. Sci Rep 2022 Jun 27;12(1):10859. PM: 35760855.

Hess CN, Szarek M, Anand SS, Bauersachs RM, Patel MR, Debus ES, Nehler MR, Capell WH, Beckman JA, Piazza G, Henkin S, Bura-Rivière A, Lawall H, Roztocil K, Hsia J, Muehlhofer E, Berkowitz SD, Haskell LP, Bonaca MP. Rivaroxaban and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease After Lower Extremity Revascularization. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2215580. PM: 35731517.

Krychtiuk KA, Fordyce CB, Hansen CM, Hassager C, Jentzer JC, Menon V, Perman SM, van Diepen S, Granger CB. Targeted temperature management after out of hospital cardiac arrest: quo vadis? Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2022 Jun 22;11(6):512-521. PM: 35579006.

Minhas AS, Goldstein SA, Vaught AJ, Lewey J, Ward C, Schulman SP, Michos ED. Instituting a Curriculum for Cardio-Obstetrics Subspecialty Fellowship Training. Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2022 Jun 3;18(3):14-23. PM: 35734150.

Napp LC, Westenfeld R, Møller JE, Pappalardo F, Ibrahim K, Bonello L, Wilkins C, Pershad A, Mannino SF, Schreiber TL, Hall PA, Medjamia AM, Haurand JM, Sieweke JT, Schäfer A, Grines CL, Burkhoff D, Moses JW, Ohman EM, O’Neill WW, Kapur NK, Bauersachs J. Impella Mechanical Circulatory Support for Takotsubo Syndrome With Shock: A Retrospective Multicenter Analysis. Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2022 Jul;40:113-119. PM: 34916157.

Overton ET, Weir IR, Zanni MV, Fischinger S, MacArthur RD, Aberg JA, Fitch KV, Frank M, Albrecht H, Goodenough E, Rhame FS, Fichtenbaum CJ, Bloomfield GS, Malvestutto C, Supparatpinyo K, McCallum S, Douglas PS, Alter G, Ribaudo H, Grinspoon SK. Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection Is Common Among ART-Treated People With HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2022 Aug 1;90(4):377-381. PM: 35413022.

Schmitz LL, Zhao W, Ratliff SM, Goodwin J, Miao J, Lu Q, Guo X, Taylor KD, Ding J, Liu Y, Levine M, Smith JA. The Socioeconomic Gradient in Epigenetic Ageing Clocks: Evidence from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and the Health and Retirement Study. Epigenetics 2022 Jun;17(6):589-611. PM: 34227900.

Smith PJ, Sherwood A, Hinderliter AL, Mabe S, Watkins LL, Craighead L, Ingle K, Tyson C, Avorgbedor F, Lin PH, Kraus WE, Liao L, Blumenthal JA. Lifestyle modification and cognitive function among individuals with resistant hypertension: cognitive outcomes from the TRIUMPH trial. J Hypertens 2022 Jul 1;40(7):1359-1368. PM: 35703293.

Song A, Lusk JB, Roh KM, Jackson KJ, Scherr KA, McNabb RP, Chatterjee R, Kuo AN. Practice Patterns of Fundoscopic Examination for Diabetic Retinopathy Screening in Primary Care. JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jun 1;5(6):e2218753. PM: 35759262.

Wilson NA, Tcheng JE, Graham J, Drozda JP. Advancing Patient Safety Surrounding Medical Devices: Barriers, Strategies, and Next Steps in Health System Implementation of Unique Device Identifiers. Med Devices (Auckl) 2022 Jun 21;15:177-186. PM: 35761948.

Younis A, Goldenberg I, Farooq S, Yavin H, Daubert J, Raitt M, Mazur A, Huang DT, Mitchell BL, Rashtian MR, Winters S, Vloka M, Aktas M, Bernabei MA, Beck CA, McNitt S, Zareba W. Reduction in Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia Burden in Patients Enrolled in the RAID Trial. JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2022 Jun;8(6):754-762. PM: 35738852.

Division of Cardiology Publications Indexed in PubMed June 16-22, 2022

Angraal S, Hejjaji V, Tang Y, Gosch KL, Patel MR, Heyligers J, White CJ, Tutein Nolthenius R, Mena-Hurtado C, Aronow HD, Moneta GL, Fitridge R, Soukas PA, Abbott JD, Secemsky EA, Spertus JA, Smolderen KG. One-Year Health Status Outcomes Following Early Invasive and Noninvasive Treatment in Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease. Circ Cardiovasc Interv 2022 Jun;15(6):e011506. PM: 35579010.

Butler J, Stebbins A, Melenovský V, Sweitzer NK, Cowie MR, Stehlik J, Khan MS, Blaustein RO, Ezekowitz JA, Hernandez AF, Lam CSP, Nkulikiyinka R, O’Connor CM, Pieske BM, Ponikowski P, Spertus JA, Voors AA, Anstrom KJ, Armstrong PW. Vericiguat and Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Insights From the VICTORIA Trial. Circ Heart Fail 2022 Jun;15(6):e009337. PM: 35656822/

de Barros E Silva PGM, Macedo TA, Lopes RD, Okada MY, Frigini T, Roveri PO, Balada R, de Macedo LS, Furlan V. Chest Pain Network with Support of Telemedicine: Impact on Reperfusion Therapy and Clinical Outcomes After 8 Years of Experience. Telemed Rep 2021 Dec 22;2(1):284-292. PM: 35720760.

Haddad F, Ataam JA, Amsallem M, Cauwenberghs N, Kuznetsova T, Rosenberg-Hasson Y, Zamanian RT, Karakikes I, Horne BD, Muhlestein JB, Kwee L, Shah S, Maecker H, Knight S, Knowlton K. Insulin Growth Factor Phenotypes in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction, an INSPIRE Registry and CATHGEN Study. J Card Fail 2022 Jun;28(6):935-946. PM: 34979242.

Hess CN, Baumgartner I, Anand SS, Nehler MR, Patel MR, Debus ES, Szarek M, Capell W, Muehlhofer E, Berkowitz SD, Haskell LP, Bauersachs RM, Bonaca MP, Hsia J. Sex-Based Differences in Outcomes Following Peripheral Artery Revascularization: Insights From VOYAGER PAD. J Am Heart Assoc 2022 Jun 21;11(12):e024655. PM: 35699170.

Johansen KL, Acharya A, Cizman B, Cobitz AR, Correa-Rotter R, Dasgupta I, Kher V, Lopes RD, Matsumoto L, Meadowcroft AM, Merege Vieira Neto O, Okabe M, Rayner B, Silva A, Thomas H, Singh AK. Challenges of Conducting Clinical Trials during the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: The ASCEND Global Program Experience. Kidney360 2022 Feb 10;3(4):728-733. PM: 35721625.

Kamat I, Hajduczok AG, Salah H, Lurz P, Sobotka PA, Fudim M. Catheter-Based Management of Heart Failure: Pathophysiology and Contemporary Data. Interv Cardiol Clin 2022 Jul;11(3):267-277. PM: 35710282.

Kolb P, Kenakin T, Alexander SPH, Bermudez M, Bohn LM, Breinholt CS, Bouvier M, Hill SJ, Kostenis E, Martemyanov KA, Neubig RR, Onaran HO, Rajagopal S, Roth BL, Selent J, Shukla AK, Sommer ME, Gloriam DE. Community guidelines for GPCR ligand bias: IUPHAR review 32. Br J Pharmacol 2022 Jul;179(14):3651-3674. PM: 35106752.

Lala A, Mentz RJ. Advancing Our Common Purpose Through “Coopetition”. J Card Fail 2022 Jun;28(6):881-882. PM: 35715020.

Lopes RD, Guimarães PO, Schwartz GG, Bhatt DL, Bittner VA, Budaj A, Dalby AJ, Diaz R, Goodman SG, Harrington RA, Jukema JW, Kiss RG, Loy M, Pordy R, Poulouin Y, Szarek M, White HD, Steg PG. Effect of Alirocumab on Incidence of Atrial Fibrillation After Acute Coronary Syndromes: Insights from the ODYSSEY OUTCOMES Trial. Am J Med 2022 Jul;135(7):915-918. PM: 35296402.

Mastoris I, Spall HGCV, Sheldon SH, Pimentel RC, Steinkamp L, Shah Z, Al-Khatib SM, Singh JP, Sauer AJ. Emerging Implantable-Device Technology for Patients at the Intersection of Electrophysiology and Heart Failure Interdisciplinary Care. J Card Fail 2022 Jun;28(6):991-1015. PM: 34774748.

Shah A, Mentz RJ, Sun JL, Rao VN, Alhanti B, Blumer V, Starling R, Butler J, Greene SJ. Emergency Department Visits Versus Hospital Readmissions Among Patients Hospitalized for Heart Failure. J Card Fail 2022 Jun;28(6):916-923. PM: 34987009.

Sheikh AB, Fudim M, Garg I, Minhas AMK, Sobotka AA, Patel MR, Eng MH, Sobotka PA. The Clinical Problem of Pelvic Venous Disorders. Interv Cardiol Clin 2022 Jul;11(3):307-324. PM: 35710285.