Twentienth Century Novels and Poetry
Born in January 1848, Frédéric Marcellin entered Haitian political life at the age of 19 when he assumed the position of Secretary of the Legation to Washington D.C. In the late nineteenth century, Marcellin was a member of the National Party. Marcellin published three celebrated works from 1900-1903, the last of which was Marilisse. Marcelin died in Paris in 1917.
Antoine Innocent was born in Port-au-Prince in 1873. After completing his studies at the prestigious Lycée Aledandre Pétion de Port-au-Prince, Innocent became a professor of French history at his alma mater and contributed to the literary journal La Ronde. After serving as Secretary of the Senate of the Republic for nearly 30 years, Innocent died in Port-au-Prince in 1960.
Born in 1872, Justin Lhérisson was a lawyer, educator, writer. Perhaps best known for penning the lyrics to the Haitian national anthem, La Dessalinienne, Innocent also published a pair of successful novels—La Famille des pititecaille and Zoune Chez sa Ninnaine, before he passed away in 1907.
Fernand Hibbert was born in Miragoâne in 1873. After completing his studies in Paris, France, Hibbert returned to Haiti where he entered politics and began his writing career. Best known for works such as Romulus, Sena, and Masques et Visages, Hibbeert was also an active contributor to the short-lived journal La Revue de la Ligue de la jeunesse haïtienne during the U.S. occupation of the country from 1915-1934.
Annie Desroy, Le Joug (1934) (In PDF, 5.0 MB)
One of the classic modern Haitian novels.
La Ronde: Revue Littéraire (Via Digital Library of the Caribbean):
La Nouvelle Ronde (Via Digital Library of the Caribbean):
At once a history and a critical edition of key Haitian writers, including many excerpts from poetry and novels.