After Jean-Claude Duvalier was overthrown in 1986, a transitional government known as the Conseil National de Gouvernement was installed. The following year, the CNG drafted a groundbreaking constitution, finally recognizing Haitian Kreyòl as an official language, introducing measures to ensure political decentralization, and guaranteeing fair and legitimate elections.
DEBRAY Régis, Comité indépendant de réflexion et de propositions sur les relations franco-haïtienne, Rapport au ministre des affaires étrangères, M. Dominique de Villepin, du Comité indépendant de réflexion et de propositions sur les relations franco-haïtiennes (2004) (pdf download, 258 K)
This official French government, produced by a committee that included several historians and political philosophers, was a response to the request made by President Aristide for the re-imbursement of the 1825 indemnity. It provides a historical overview of Franco-Haitian relationships and presents an attempt to propose a new direction in French-Haitian relations.
Founded in March 1973, the Mouvman Peyizan Papay collective sought to defend the economic and cultural rights of Haiti’s peasants and urban workers. Since that time, the PMP has expanded to include a youth wing, as well as a female movement.
This 2:30 hour video presents a speech given at the Library of Congress by Jean-Baptiste Chavannes recounting the history of the Mouvman Peyizan Papay.