Tag Archives: bonds

Call Me Maybe? Bondholder Relationships and Corporate Call Policy  

By | November 28, 2023

Corporate bonds are a significant source of funding for US firms. In fact, between 2000 and 2022, US firms issued almost six times more in non-convertible bonds than they did in equity. A common feature in these bonds allows issuers to repurchase them before their due date at a set price – this is known… Read More »

Social Connection and Financing Cost of Municipal Governments

By | October 19, 2022

Municipal bonds are the primary source of financing for local governments, with the value of outstanding municipal bonds reaching $4.1 trillion as of March 2022. Historically, the default rate of these bonds has been very low. This raises the question of why so many municipal bonds have different issuance costs (yield spread), even with similar… Read More »

How does ETF redemption work, and what are economic impacts? 

By | September 6, 2022

Corporate bond exchange-traded funds (ETFs) have been increasing rapidly and becoming an emerging financial instrument in the past two decades. They allow investors to build low-cost bond portfolios. Investors can adjust positions in real-time instead of trading corporate bonds over the counter or investing in bond mutual funds with minimums and limits. With ETFs targeting… Read More »

How to Contract for ESG: Sustainability-Linked Bonds and a New Investor Paradigm 

By | July 14, 2022

Companies today are facing unprecedented pressure to make progress on environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues. The demand for companies to address these issues is not new, but a relatively recent development is that this demand now comes from investors, rather than activists or other stakeholders. The pressure from investors has caused many companies to… Read More »