A New Source of Systemic Risk: Cloud Service Providers

By | August 8, 2019

Courtesy of David Fratto and Lee Reiners Last week’s announcement that a hacker accessed the personal information of approximately 106 million Capital One card customers and applicants has cast fresh light on financial institutions increasing reliance on the cloud. The hacker, a former employee of Amazon Web Services Inc., allegedly breached Capital One’s firewalls to… Read More »

Can Tax Regulation Curb Excessive Executive Pay?

By | August 7, 2019

Courtesy of Tobias Bornemann, Martin Jacob, and Mariana Sailer For at least two decades, executive compensation has been widely discussed in public policy. Debates about inequality, risk-taking behavior, and excessiveness led to policy interventions – often by means of tax instruments – intending to control executive compensation. For example, back in 1993, the U.S. introduced… Read More »

Macroprudential Policy with Capital Buffers

By | July 30, 2019

Courtesy of Josef Schroth The Global Financial Crisis exposed taxpayers to potential losses from bank failures and significantly disrupted financial intermediation. A natural question arises from these experiences: Should regulators require banks to hold more capital and, if so, in what form? Higher minimum requirements reduce losses to stakeholders in case of bank failures but may constrain… Read More »

Career Experience and Executive Performance: Evidence from Former Equity Research Analysts

By | July 18, 2019

Courtesy of Shawn Huang Organizational outcomes have long been known to be, at least in part, determined by executives’ idiosyncratic characteristics. Prior research shows that Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and Chief Financial Officers (CFOs) uniquely impact corporate practices and operations. Peering into these effects, recent studies examine executive heterogeneity with respect to aspects such as… Read More »

How Does the Market React When Shareholders Lose Power?

By | July 9, 2019

Courtesy of Ali Akyol Rule 14a-8 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 allows shareholders to submit non-binding proposals demanding a vote on certain corporate matters at annual meetings. In theory, improving shareholder rights reduces agency costs associated with the separation of ownership and control. Shareholder proposals, thus, could reduce agency costs by increasing the… Read More »

What Congress Should Ask About Facebook’s New Cryptocurrency

By | July 2, 2019

On June 18th, Facebook released a white paper and additional documentation that describe a new cryptocurrency, called Libra, which will be governed by the twenty-eight member Libra Association (the “Association”). Shortly thereafter, the Senate Banking Committee and the House Financial Services Committee announced they would hold hearings to look into Libra and Facebook’s involvement; these… Read More »

Supervisory Benchmarks and Artificial Intelligence: A View from Germany

By | July 1, 2019

Courtesy of Julia von Buttlar* Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are increasingly being used in a variety of fields, none more so than the financial industry. AI offers great opportunities; it can enable companies to automate manual processes and meet their regulatory requirements at a higher speed with a lower error rate and less effort. For… Read More »

The SEC Should Continue to Say No to Bitcoin Exchange-Traded Products

By | June 18, 2019

The following is an edited comment letter that was submitted to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on June 14th in response to the Commission’s May 20, 2019 order (Release No.34-85896) to institute proceedings under Section 19(b)(2)(B) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1933 (“Act”) to determine whether to approve or disapprove of Cboe… Read More »

The Expanding Regulatory Perimeter – Crypto-Asset Trading

By | May 30, 2019

Courtesy of Barbara C. Matthews (JD/LLM ’91) “Hi!  I’m from the government.  I’m here to help.” The regulatory perimeter regarding crypto-assets continues to expand.  The latest move comes from the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) which released for comment on 28 May, 2019 suggested regulatory oversight standards[1] to govern crypto-asset trading platforms (the “IOSCO… Read More »