Home » Chapter 6: The FASD Student & Behavioral Issues » Effective Teaching Strategies for Students Exhibiting Low Self-Esteem

Effective Teaching Strategies for Students Exhibiting Low Self-Esteem

Tell Students You Believe They Can Learn

  • Explain to them that their brain works differently
  • FASD is not their fault
  • Everyone has unique strengths and weaknesses

Create a Classroom Where Students Feel Lovable and Capable

  • Greet each student in the morning & say something positive
  • When students are leaving at the end of the day, shake each student’s hand (unless they’re hypersensitive) and say something positive

Create an Educational Environment Where FASD Students Will Thrive

  • Few distractions
  • Routine
  • Consistency
  • Predictability

Create Successful Academic and Behavioral Goals

Class Lessons Should be Presented with Modifications for the FASD Student (Chapter 4)

  • Use a multi-sensory approach to teaching
  • Pair visual with verbal instruction
  • Have realistic expectations
  • Proceed in small steps
  • Give praise and encouragement
  • Students should be capable of completing homework and class assignments
  • Keep assignments short
  • Lengthen assignments when students are confident

Be Creative to Ensure Success

  • Troublesome academic skills can be skipped—go on to another skill (e.g., If the student is unable to solve long division problems after sufficient teaching, introduce a new skill such as fractions).
  • Return to the difficult skill later on and try again
  • Use checklists for big projects
  • Teach students to check off small sections as they complete them

Acknowledge Positive Student Skills

  • “Deborah is acting like a 3rd grade student. She has her pencil out and her book is on her desk.”
  • “Sam has begun his work right away . Bravo, Sam!”
  • Use praise
  • Use stickers
  • Use awards
  • Contact parents with a “good news” call or note

Control Choices for Teams or Groups

  • Put names on popsicle sticks and assign teams or activities randomly

Assign Buddies

  • Buddy FASD students with students who are positive, patient, and kind.

Be Sensitive to the Many Difficulties Students Face

  • Ask, “How can I help you get started?” rather than saying “You never start your work on time. What’s the problem?”

Remind Students That You Like and Appreciate Them

  • Smile
  • Use body language
  • Give them a pat on the shoulder

Separate the Behavior from the Student

  • Praise positive behavior, say, “great job listening” rather than “good boy” or “good girl.”
  • When the student misbehaves, focus on changing the behavior . Explain to the student that he/she is not “bad.”

Find Things at Which Your Student is Successful and Focus on That When Possible

  • “Drew, you are such a talented artist, would you draw the picture for our class newsletter?”
  • Sport
  • Social activity
  • Art
  • Music
  • Craft
  • Dance

Help Students Feel Needed and Give Them Class Responsibilities

  • Line leader
  • Class messenger
  • Guinea pig feeder
  • Teacher’s assistant passing out papers
  • Sharpen pencils
  • Erase the boards