Data on International Election Monitoring: Three global datasets on election quality, election events and international election observation

To download data files, please visit ICPSR at the following link

If you have problems accessing the data at ICPSR, please contact them at the user support link ( or their electronic mail address ( or via phone at  734-647-2200

Please cite my book, Monitoring Democracy: When International Election Observation Works and Why it Often Fails, Princeton University Press, 2012, if you use the data. The book also has information on the data in the appendix.


Quality of Elections Data (QED)

This data set codes the quality of national level legislative and presidential elections in 172 countries from 1978 to 2004.

Data on International Election Monitoring (DIEM)

This data set codes the assessment and activities of international election monitoring organizations to national level legislative and presidential elections in 108 countries from 1980 to 2004.

Supplementary Election Data

This dataset includes supplementary information on all direct presidential and legislative elections in 182 countries from 1975 to 2004.

Please read the following article for more information about the data:

Kelley, Judith and Kolev, Kiril. “Election Quality and International Observation 1975-2004: Two New Datasets” (October 19, 2010). Available at SSRN:

29 Replies to “Data”

  1. Hi,

    My name as Patience Squire, i am a postgraduate political science student in Ghana. I am currently working on my thesis on new media and election observation in Ghana, and would like to know how i can access to the files on election monitoring.

    I would really appreciate any assistance provided. Thank you.

  2. Very interesting project. When one clicks on Quality of Elections Data (QED) link above it is quite impossible to open the pdf that downloads. Please take a look at that!

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  11. I am a PhD candidate at the Political Science Dept, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. My dissertation title is: The Politics of International Election Monitoring in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic (1999-2007). I will appreciate it if you can provide any assistance in term of materials and useful advice. Thank you.

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