Curriculum Vitae

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Department of Economics Phone (919) 660-1857
Duke University Fax (919) 684-8974
319 Social Sciences Bldg
Durham, NC 27708-0097



2015 –Professor of Economics and Global Health, Duke University
2011 – 2015Associate Professor of Economics and Global Health, Duke University
2010 – 2011John L. Loeb Associate Professor of Social Sciences, Harvard University
2005 – 2009Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Harvard University
2009 – 2010National Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
2006 – 2007Visiting Member, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ
2006 – 2007Visiting Faculty, Center for Health and Wellbeing, Princeton University
2003 – 2004Post-Doctoral Fellow, RWJ Scholars in Health Policy, Harvard University


Development Economics, Labor Economics, Economic Demography, Health


Co-director, DevLab@Duke

Faculty Research Fellow (Development), National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Fellow, Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD)

Member, Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL)


2003 Ph.D;MA Department of Economics, Princeton University
1996 BA Economics and Latin American Studies, Vassar College


Loss in the Time of Cholera: Long-run Impact of a Disease Epidemic on the Urban Landscape” (with Attila Ambrus and Robert Gonzalez). American Economic Review, February 2020, 110(2):1-52.

Household Matters: Revisiting the Returns to Capital among Female Micro-entrepreneurs” (with Arielle Bernhardt, Rohini Pande and Natalia Rigol). Forthcoming, American Economic Review Insights.

Moving to Opportunity or Isolation? Network Effects of a Slum Relocation Program in India” (with Sharon Barnhardt and Rohini Pande). American Economics Journal: Applied Economics, January 2017, 9(1):1-32.

Iron Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Peru” (with Alberto Chong, Isabelle Cohen, Eduardo Nakasone and Maximo Torero). American Economics Journal: Applied Economics, October 2016, 8(4):222-55.

Gender Gaps in Completed Fertility” (with Vera Molitor, Alice Schoonbroodt, and Michèle Tertilt).  Journal of Demographic Economics, June 2016, 82(2):167-206.

Friendship at Work: Can Peer Support Stimulate Female Entrepreneurship?” (with Seema Jayachandran, Rohini Pande, and Natalia Rigol). American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, May 2016, 8(2):125-53.

Do Group Dynamics Influence Social Capital and Female Empowerment? Experimental Evidence from Microfinance” (with Benjamin Feigenberg, Rohini Pande, Natalia Rigol, and Shayak Sarkar). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, August 2014, 33(4): 932-949.

Household Bargaining and Excess Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Zambia” (with Nava Ashraf and Jean Lee). American Economic Review, July 2014, 104(7): 2210-37.

Does the Classic Microfinance Model Discourage Entrepreneurship among the Poor? Experimental Evidence from India” (with Rohini Pande, John Papp and Natalia Rigol). American Economic Review. October 2013, 103(6): 2196-2226.

The Economic Returns to Social Interaction: Experimental Evidence from Microfinance” (with Rohini Pande and Benjamin Feigenberg). Review of Economic Studies, October 2013, 80(4): 1459-1483.

Repayment Flexibility Can Reduce Financial Stress: A Randomized Control Trial with Microfinance Clients in India” (with Rohini Pande, John Papp, and Y. Jeanette Park). PLoS One, September 2012, 7(9): e45679.

Health Insurance in Nicaragua: Enrollment, Retention, and Outcomes from a Randomized Experiment” (with Rebecca Thornton, Laurel Hyatt, and Mursaleena Islam). Health Economics, September 2010, 19(S1): 181–206.

Muslim family law, prenuptial agreements and the emergence of dowry in Bangladesh” (with Attila Ambrus and Maximo Torero). Quarterly Journal of Economics, August 2010, 125(3):1349–97.

Iodine Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Tanzania” (with Omar Robles and Maximo Torero). American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, October 2009, 1(4):140-169.

Educational Debt Burden and Career Choice: Evidence from a Financial Aid Experiment at NYU Law SchoolAmerican Economic Journal: Applied Economics, January 2009, 1(1): 1-21.

Early Marriage, Age of Menarche and Female Schooling Attainment in Bangladesh” (with Attila Ambrus). Journal of Political Economy, October 2008, 116(5): 881-930.

Entitled to Work: Urban Tenure Security and Labor Supply in PeruQuarterly Journal of Economics, November 2007, 4(122): 1561-1602.



“The Importance for Nutrition of Pairing Cash Transfers with Behavioral Change Interventions” (with Federica Esu and Elisa Maffiola). Working paper, October 2019. Under review.

“Does Vocational Education Work? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Mongolia” (with Leigh Linden, Ofer Malamud, Daniel Rubenson, and Shing-Yi Wang). NBER Working Paper No. 26092, July 2019.

“On Her Own Account: Can Strengthening Women’s Financial Control Boost Female Labor Supply?” (with Rohini Pande, Natalia Rigol, Simone Schaner, Charity Troyer Moore), August 2019. NBER Working Papers 26294, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

“Throwing the Baby out with the Drinking Water: Unintended Consequences of a National Arsenic Mitigation Campaign in Bangladesh” (with Nina Buchmann, Reshma Hussam and Rachel Glennerster). April 2019. NBER Working Papers 25729, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

“Maternal Mortality and the Gender Gap in the Demand for Children in Zambia” (with Nava Ashraf and Alessandra Voena). Working paper, July 2019.

“A Signal to End Child Marriage: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Bangladesh” (with Nina Buchmann, Rachel Glennerster, Shahana Nazneen, and Xiao Yu Wang). October 2019. Duke University.

“The Marriage Market Value of Bride Age and Education: A Vignette Approach to Decomposing to Marriage Transfers in Rural Bangladesh” (with Nina Buchmann and Rachel Glennerster). October 2019. Duke University.

“The Psycho-Social Benefits of Access to Contraception: Experimental Evidence from Zambia” (with Nava Ashraf, Marric Buessing and Jessica Leight). October 2013. Duke University.

“Does Improving Access to Contraception Lower Excess Fertility? Experimental Evidence from Zambia”

(with Nava Ashraf and Jessica Leight). November 2012. Duke University.

“Does the arrival of a formal financial institution alter community networks? Experimental evidence from India (with Christine Binzel, Rohini Pande, and Louise Paul-Delvaux). October 2019.

“Market Integration, Other-Regarding Preferences, and Trust: Evidence from a  Randomized Bank Branch Rollout in India” (with Christine Binzel and Rohini Pande). November 2019.

“A Ballot Approach to measuring domestic violence” (with Jorge Aguero, Ursula Aldana, Javier Romero, and Veronica Frischano). World Bank, IDB


Is Community-based Targeting Effective in Identifying Intimate Partner Violence?” (with Jorge Aguero, Ursula Aldana, Veronica Frisancho and Javier Romero). May 2020. American Economic Association: Papers and Proceedings; 110(5).

Male Social Status and Women’s Work” (with Arielle Bernhardt, Rohini Pande, Natalia Rigol, Simone Schaner, and Charity Troyer-Moore) American Economic Association: Papers and Proceedings. 2018; 108: 363-67

Microfinance: Points of Promise” (with Abraham Holland and Rohini Pande) in Evolving Approaches to the Economics of Public Policy: Views of Award-Winning Economists. Edited by Jean Kimmel, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2016, 11-32.

Do Traditional Institutions Constrain Female Entrepreneurship? A Field Experiment on Business Training in India” (with Seema Jayachandran and Rohini Pande). American Economics Review Papers and Proceedings, May 2010, 100(2):125-29.

Globalization, Crop Choice and Property Rights in Rural Peru, 1994-2004” (with Alfred Field), Chapter 14 in The Poor under Globalization in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Edited by Machiko Nissanke and Erik Thorbecke, UNU-WIDER for Oxford University Press, 2009. (WIDER Research Paper No. 2007/72 (ISSN: 1810-2611)).

Segregation, Rent Control and Riots: The Economics of Religious Conflicts in an Indian City” (with Rohini Pande and Sujata Visaria), American Economics Review Papers and Proceedings, May 2008, 98(2): 505-510.

Repayment Frequency and Default in Micro-finance: Evidence from India” (with Rohini Pande), Journal of European Economics Association Papers and Proceedings, April-May 2008, 6(2-3): 501-509.

Impact Evaluation for Slum Upgrading Interventions.” (with Michael Kremer), Doing Impact Evaluation Series #3, World Bank, July 2006.

Property Rights and Investment in Urban Slums.” Journal of the European Economic Association Papers and Proceedings, April-May 2005, 3(2-3): 279-290.

“Property Rights, Community Public Goods and Household Time Allocation in Urban Squatter Communities.” William and Mary Law Review, February 2004, 45(3): 837-887.

“Diferencias en el acceso de las mujeres al microcrédito en el Perú e impacto de la tenencia del título de propiedad” (with Maximo Torero), in Gender, Poverty and Micro-credit, CIES, Lima, Peru, 2004.


“Female financial inclusion in India” (with Girogia Barboni, Charity Moore, Natalia Rigol, Rohini Pande and SimoneSchaner) Gates

“Intergenerational impacts of early marriage in Bangladesh” (with Nina Buchmann, Rachel Glennerster and Shahana Nazneen) NIH

“The Long-run impacts of community-driven development in Myanmar” (with Sudhanshu and Luke Fesko) IGC

“Training local leaders to prevent and reduce gender-based violence in Peru” (with Ursula Aldana, Javier Romero, and Livia Schubiger) Wellspring, British Council, IPA

“Women’s access to public transport and labor force participation” (with Katherine Vyborny)

“Labor market impacts of a formal job search platform” (with Robert Garlick and Katherine Vyborny)

“Institutional reforms and demographic change in Pakistan” (with Katherine Vyborny and Sabrin Beg)

“Drivers of change: Empowerment impacts of women’s right to drive in Saudi” (with Katherine Vyborny)

“Building transparency and trust in the financial system with voice notifications” (with Rohini Pande, Natalia Rigol,Simone Schaner, and Charity Troyer Moore)

“Iodine deficiency and gender attitudes in Tanzania” (with Giuditta Rusconi and Maximo Torero) NIH



2018-2023National Institutes of Health (with Rachel Glennerster and Shahana Nazneen)
2018-2020Institute for the Study of Labor GLM-LIC (with Katherine Vyborny)
2017-2020Asian Development Bank (with Katherine Vyborny)
2017-2020National Science Foundation (with Katherine Vyborny)
2018-2019J-PAL Crime and Violence Initiative
2017-2019Gates Foundation (with Rohini Pande)
2016-2019International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (with Katherine Vyborny)
2012-2018National Institute of Health (with Rohini Pande and Lisa Berkman)
2014-2018Institute for the Study of Labor GLM-LIC (with Katherine Vyborny)
2015-2017National Institutes of Health (with Maximo Torero)
2015-2017International Growth Centre (with Katherine Vyborny)
2014-2017IDRC Growth and Economic Opportunities for Women (GrOW) (with Rachel Glennerster)
2014-2016Templeton Foundation (with Nava Ashraf and Alessandra Voena)
2013-2015Innovations for Poverty Action SME Grant (with Rohini Pande and Natalia Rigol)
2013-2014Department for International Development PEDL Grant (with R. Pande and N. Rigol)
2013Behavioral Economics Reproductive Health Initiative (with N. Ashraf and Alessandra Voena)
2012-2015Gates Foundation (with Rohini Pande)
2012-2014National Science Foundation (with Rachel Glennerster)
2012-2014Templeton Foundation (with Rohini Pande)
2011-2017International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) Project Award (with Rohini Pande)
2011-2016National Institutes of Health (with Rohini Pande and Lisa Berkman)
2011-2014International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) Project Award (with Nava Ashraf)
2011-2012National Department of Labor Research Award (with Rohini Pande and Sharon Barnhardt)
2011-2014National Science Foundation SES Grant (with Rohini Pande)
2011-2014Agricultural Technology Adoption Initiative (ATAI) (with Rohini Pande)
2010-2011National Department of Labor Research Award (with Rohini Pande)
2010-2015National Institute of Health P01 Project Award (with Rachel Glennerster)
2010-2012Science of Generosity Research Award (with Rohini Pande)
2009-2014Sloan Foundation
2009-2014IFMR Trust (with Rohini Pande)
2009-2014International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) Project Award (with Rachel Glennerster)
2009-2010International Growth Center (IGC) Project Award (with Rohini Pande)
2008-2010National Science Foundation SES Grant, #0752792 (with Rohini Pande)
2008-2010Hewlett/PRB Research Grant (with Nava Ashraf)
2007-2008National Science Foundation Small Grant for Exploratory Research, #0725075 (with N. Ashraf)
2006-2007Research Grant for Leave of Absence, Harvard Weatherhead Center for International Affairs
2005-2007National Science Foundation SES Grant (#0519260)
2002Research Network on Gender, Poverty and Micro-credit, CIES, Lima (auspices: Ford Foundation)


2017-Committee on Editorial Appointments, American Economic Association
2016-2019Executive Committee, American Economic Association
2009 -Associate Editor, Journal of Development Economics
2012-2019Associate Editor, Review of Economics and Statistics
2014-2018Associate Editor, Economic Development and Cultural Change



2010 Elaine Bennet Prize, AEA Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession
2010 Alfred P . Sloan Research Fellow
2010 Furer Fellow, Harvard University
2007 Albert Rees Prize for Outstanding Ph.D. Dissertation in Labor Economics
2001-2003 Fellowship of Woodrow Wilson Scholars
2000 Mellon Foundation Research Travel Award
1998 Susan K. Welles Alumni Graduate School Fellowship, Vassar College
1996 J. William Fulbright Fellow, U.S.-Peruvian Fulbright Committee
1996 Anne C. Hutchinson Thesis Prize in Economics


“Social networks, gossip and innovation.” Opinion, liveMint & The Wall Street Journal, September 2014.

“Help Microfinance, Don’t Kill It.” Editorial, Indian Express, Financial Times, December 2010.

“The Women’s Crusade.” New York Times Magazine, August 23, 2009

“The Mystery of Capital Deepens.” Economist, August 24, 2006

“Forgive Us Our Student Debts.” New York Times Magazine, June 11, 2006

“Informal Enterprise in Urban Peru.” Development Outreach Magazine, World Bank Institute, March 2005 “Land Titles Give Poor a Chance to Advance.” Miami Herald, April 4, 2004

“Study Looks at Squatters and Land Titles in Peru.” New York Times, January 9, 2003



Asian Development Bank (Economic Analysis for Gender and Development)

Millennium Challenge Corporation (Property Rights Reform in Mongolia)

Abt., Associates (Impact evaluation of national health insurance pilot in Nicaragua)

World Bank (Survey Design, impact evaluation of urban transport upgrading in Accra)

US Agency for International Development (rural titling impact evaluation in Peru)

National Property Institute, Republic of Honduras (titling program impact evaluation design)