Curriculum Vitae

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Department of Economics Phone (919) 660-1857
Duke University Fax (919) 684-8974
319 Social Sciences Bldg
Durham, NC 27708-0097



2015 –Professor of Economics and Global Health, Duke University
2011 – 2015Associate Professor of Economics and Global Health, Duke University
2010 – 2011John L. Loeb Associate Professor of Social Sciences, Harvard University
2005 – 2009Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Harvard University
2009 – 2010National Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
2006 – 2007Visiting Member, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ
2006 – 2007Visiting Faculty, Center for Health and Wellbeing, Princeton University
2003 – 2004Post-Doctoral Fellow, RWJ Scholars in Health Policy, Harvard University


Development Economics, Labor Economics, Economic Demography, Health


Faculty Research Fellow (Labor), National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Fellow, Bureau for Research in Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD)

Member, Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL)


2003 Ph.D;MA Department of Economics, Princeton University
1996 BA Economics and Latin American Studies, Vassar College


Household Matters: Revisiting the Returns to Capital among Female Micro-entrepreneurs (with Arielle Bernhardt, Rohini Pande and Natalia Rigol). Forthcoming, American Economic Review Insights.

Moving to Opportunity or Isolation? Network Effects of a Slum Relocation Program in India (with Sharon Barnhardt and Rohini Pande). American Economics Journal: Applied Economics, January 2017, 9(1):1-32.

Iron Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Peru (with Alberto Chong, Isabelle Cohen, Eduardo Nakasone and Maximo Torero). American Economics Journal: Applied Economics, October 2016, 8(4):222-55.

Gender Gaps in Completed Fertility (with Vera Molitor, Alice Schoonbroodt, and Michèle Tertilt).  Journal of Demographic Economics, June 2016, 82(2):167-206.

Friendship at Work: Can Peer Support Stimulate Female Entrepreneurship? (with Seema Jayachandran, Rohini Pande, and Natalia Rigol). American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, May 2016, 8(2):125-53.

Do Group Dynamics Influence Social Capital and Female Empowerment? Experimental Evidence from Microfinance (with Benjamin Feigenberg, Rohini Pande, Natalia Rigol, and Shayak Sarkar). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, August 2014, 33(4): 932-949.

Household Bargaining and Excess Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Zambia (with Nava Ashraf and Jean Lee). American Economic Review, July 2014, 104(7): 2210-37.

Does the Classic Microfinance Model Discourage Entrepreneurship among the Poor? Experimental Evidence from India (with Rohini Pande, John Papp and Natalia Rigol). American Economic Review. October 2013, 103(6): 2196-2226.

The Economic Returns to Social Interaction: Experimental Evidence from Microfinance (with Rohini Pande and Benjamin Feigenberg). Review of Economic Studies, October 2013, 80(4): 1459-1483.

Repayment Flexibility Can Reduce Financial Stress: A Randomized Control Trial with Microfinance Clients in India (with Rohini Pande, John Papp, and Y. Jeanette Park). PLoS One, September 2012, 7(9): e45679.

Health Insurance in Nicaragua: Enrollment, Retention, and Outcomes from a Randomized Experiment (with Rebecca Thornton, Laurel Hyatt, and Mursaleena Islam). Health Economics, September 2010, 19(S1): 181–206.

Muslim family law, prenuptial agreements and the emergence of dowry in Bangladesh (with Attila Ambrus and Maximo Torero). Quarterly Journal of Economics, August 2010, 125(3):1349–97.

Iodine Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Tanzania (with Omar Robles and Maximo Torero). American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, October 2009, 1(4):140-169.

Educational Debt Burden and Career Choice: Evidence from a Financial Aid Experiment at NYU Law School American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, January 2009, 1(1): 1-21.

Early Marriage, Age of Menarche and Female Schooling Attainment in Bangladesh (with Attila Ambrus). Journal of Political Economy, October 2008, 116(5): 881-930.

Entitled to Work: Urban Tenure Security and Labor Supply in Peru Quarterly Journal of Economics, November 2007, 4(122): 1561-1602.



An experimental test of the association between network centrality and cross-village risk-sharing links (with Rohini Pande). August 2018. Working paper, Duke University.

“Household Matters: Revisiting the Returns to Capital among Female Micro-entrepreneurs” (with Arielle Bernhardt, Erica Field, and Natalia Rigol) Working Paper, August 13, 2017.

The Effect of Financial Incentives and Girls Empowerment Curriculum on Adolescent Marriage and Schooling in Rural Bangladesh: A Clustered Randomized Controlled Trial (with Rachel Glennerster, Shahana Nazneen, Svetlana Pimkina, and Iman Sen). December 2016. Duke University, Under Review.

On Her Account: Can Strengthening Women’s Financial Control Boost Female Labor Supply?” (with Erica Field, Natalia Rigol, Simone Schaner, Charity Troyer Moore) Working Paper, November 15, 2016.

Does women’s banking matter for women? Evidence from urban India (with Jose Martinez and Rohini Pande). November 2016. Working paper, International Growth Centre.

The Psycho-Social Benefits of Access to Contraception: Experimental Evidence from Zambia” (with Nava Ashraf, Marric Buessing and Jessica Leight). October 2013. Duke University, Under Review.

Contraceptive Access and Fertility: The Impact of Supply-Side Interventions (with Nava Ashraf and Jessica Leight).  Working Paper, 2013.

Throwing the Baby out with the Drinking Water: Unintended Consequences of a National Arsenic Mitigation Campaign in Bangladesh” (with Reshma Hussam and Rachel Glennerster). February 2011. Working paper, Harvard University.

Does the Arrival of Formal Financial Institutions Affect Informal Sharing? Experimental Evidence from Village India” (with Christine Binzel and Rohini Pande). December 2013. Working paper, Duke University.

“Access to Microfinance, Female Empowerment and Fertility in Urban India” (with Jose Martinez and Rohini Pande.) August 2014. Working paper, Duke University.

“Causes and Consequences of Consanguineous Marriage” (with Seema Jayachandran and Mohammed Al Shafaee). July 2011. Working paper, Duke University.

“Are There Upward Intergenerational Education Spillovers? The Influence of Children’s Schooling on Parents’ Smoking Cessation” (with Jorge de la Roca). June 2005. Working paper, Harvard University.

Fertility Responses to Urban Land Titling Programs: The Roles of Ownership Security and the Distribution of Household Assets”, October 2003. Working paper, Harvard University.

Do Property Titles Increase Credit Access among the Urban Poor?” (with Maximo Torero). May 2008. Working Paper, Duke University.


Male Social Status and Women’s Work (with Arielle Bernhardt, Rohini Pande, Natalia Rigol, Simone Schaner, and Charity Troyer-Moore) American Economic Association: Papers and Proceedings. 2018; 108: 363-67

Microfinance: Points of Promise (with Abraham Holland and Rohini Pande) in Evolving Approaches to the Economics of Public Policy: Views of Award-Winning Economists. Edited by Jean Kimmel, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2016, 11-32.

Do Traditional Institutions Constrain Female Entrepreneurship? A Field Experiment on Business Training in India” (with Seema Jayachandran and Rohini Pande). American Economics Review Papers and Proceedings, May 2010, 100(2):125-29.

Globalization, Crop Choice and Property Rights in Rural Peru, 1994-2004” (with Alfred Field), Chapter 14 in The Poor under Globalization in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Edited by Machiko Nissanke and Erik Thorbecke, UNU-WIDER for Oxford University Press, 2009. (WIDER Research Paper No. 2007/72 (ISSN: 1810-2611)).

Segregation, Rent Control and Riots: The Economics of Religious Conflicts in an Indian City” (with Rohini Pande and Sujata Visaria), American Economics Review Papers and Proceedings, May 2008, 98(2): 505-510.

Repayment Frequency and Default in Micro-finance: Evidence from India” (with Rohini Pande), Journal of European Economics Association Papers and Proceedings, April-May 2008, 6(2-3): 501-509.

Impact Evaluation for Slum Upgrading Interventions.” (with Michael Kremer), Doing Impact Evaluation Series #3, World Bank, July 2006.

Property Rights and Investment in Urban Slums.” Journal of the European Economic Association Papers and Proceedings, April-May 2005, 3(2-3): 279-290.

“Property Rights, Community Public Goods and Household Time Allocation in Urban Squatter Communities.” William and Mary Law Review, February 2004, 45(3): 837-887.

“Diferencias en el acceso de las mujeres al microcrédito en el Perú e impacto de la tenencia del título de propiedad” (with Maximo Torero), in Gender, Poverty and Micro-credit, CIES, Lima, Peru, 2004.


“Marriage Contract Adjustment to Public Information on Health Risk: Agreeing to Disagree” (with Attila Ambrus, Rachel Glennerster, and Reshma Hussam)

“Empowering Women through Individual Banking Access” (with  Rohini Pande and Simone Schaner)

“Iodine Deficiency and Gender Attitudes in Tanzania” (with Maximo Torero)

“Female Empowerment and Early Marriage in Rural Bangladesh” (with Rachel Glennerster)

“An Experimental Evaluation of Property Reform in Mongolia” (with Leigh Linden, Daniel Rubenson, and Shing-Yi Wang)

“An Experimental Evaluation of Vocational Education in Mongolia” (with Leigh Linden and Shing-Yi Wang)

“Impact of Banking on the Rural Poor” (with Chris Robert, and Rohini Pande)

“Investigating Influences on Male Fertility Preferences” (with Nava Ashraf, Alessandra Voena and Roberta Ziparo)

“Women’s Access to Public Transport and Labor Force Participation” (with Katherine Vyborny)

“Adverse and Advantageous Selection in Health Insurance Markets for the Poor” (with Rebecca Thornton)


2015-2017National Institutes of Health (with Maximo Torero)
2014-2017IDRC Growth and Economic Opportunities for Women (GrOW) (with Rachel Glennerster)
2014-2017IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor (with Katherine Vyborny)
2014-2016Templeton Foundation (with Nava Ashraf and Alessandra Voena)
2013Behavioral Economics Reproductive Health Initiative (with N. Ashraf and Alessandra Voena)
2013-2015Innovations for Poverty Action SME Grant (with Rohini Pande and Natalia Rigol)
2013-2014Department for International Development PEDL Grant (with R. Pande and N. Rigol)
2012-2015National Institute of Health (with Rohini Pande and Lisa Berkman)
2012-2015Gates Foundation (with Rohini Pande)
2012-2014National Science Foundation (with Rachel Glennerster)
2012-2014Templeton Foundation (with Rohini Pande)
2011-2017International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) Project Award (with Rohini Pande)
2011-2016National Institutes of Health (with Rohini Pande and Lisa Berkman)
2011-2014International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) Project Award (with Nava Ashraf)
2011-2012National Department of Labor Research Award (with Rohini Pande and Sharon Barnhardt)
2011-2014National Science Foundation SES Grant (with Rohini Pande)
2011-2014Agricultural Technology Adoption Initiative (ATAI) (with Rohini Pande)
2010-2011National Department of Labor Research Award (with Rohini Pande)
2010-2015National Institute of Health P01 Project Award (with Rachel Glennerster)
2010-2012Science of Generosity Research Award (with Rohini Pande)
2010-2011Milton Fund, Harvard University
2009-2014Sloan Foundation
2009-2014IFMR Trust (with Rohini Pande)
2009-2014International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) Project Award (with Rachel Glennerster)
2009-2010International Growth Center (IGC) Project Award (with Rohini Pande)
2009-2011Harvard Sustainability Science Program Research Grant
2009-2010Harvard Center for International Development Empowerment Lab Faculty Grant
2008-2010National Science Foundation SES Grant, #0752792 (with Rohini Pande)
2008-2010Hewlett/PRB Research Grant (with Nava Ashraf)
2008-2010Weatherhead Initiative in International Affairs Project Grant (with Rohini Pande)
2008-2009Real Estate Academic Initiative Faculty Grant, Harvard University (with Rohini Pande)
2007-2008Faculty Research Development Grant, Islamic Legal Studies Program, Harvard University
2007-2008NSF Small Grant for Exploratory Research, #0725075 (with N. Ashraf)
2007Faculty Grant for Research, Middle East Initiative, Harvard KSG
2006-2007Research Grant for Leave of Absence, Harvard Weatherhead Center for International Affairs
2005-2011Warburg Faculty Grant, Harvard University
2005-2007National Science Foundation SES Grant (#0519260)
2005-2006Junior Faculty Development Grant, Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies
2005-2006Center for International Development Faculty Grant, Harvard University
2004-2005Milton Fund, Harvard University
2004-2005Faculty Research Grant, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University
2004-2005Faculty Research Grant, Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, Harvard University
2002Research Network on Gender, Poverty and Micro-credit, CIES, Lima (auspices: Ford Foundation)


2009-Associate Editor, Journal of Development Economics
2012-Associate Editor, Review of Economics and Statistics
2014-Associate Editor, Economic Development and Cultural Change


2010 Furer Fellow, Harvard University
2010 Elaine Bennet Prize, AEA Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession
2010 Alfred P . Sloan Research Fellow
2007 Albert Rees Prize for Outstanding Ph.D. Dissertation in Labor Economics
2001-2003 Fellowship of Woodrow Wilson Scholars
2000 Mellon Foundation Research Travel Award
1998 Susan K. Welles Alumni Graduate School Fellowship, Vassar College
1996 J. William Fulbright Fellow, U.S.-Peruvian Fulbright Committee
1996 Anne C. Hutchinson Thesis Prize in Economics


“Social networks, gossip and innovation.” Opinion, liveMint & The Wall Street Journal, September 2014.

“Help Microfinance, Don’t Kill It.” Editorial, Indian Express, Financial Times, December 2010.

“The Women’s Crusade.” New York Times Magazine, August 23, 2009

“The Mystery of Capital Deepens.” Economist, August 24, 2006

“Forgive Us Our Student Debts.” New York Times Magazine, June 11, 2006

“Informal Enterprise in Urban Peru.” Development Outreach Magazine, World Bank Institute, March 2005 “Land Titles Give Poor a Chance to Advance.” Miami Herald, April 4, 2004

“Study Looks at Squatters and Land Titles in Peru.” New York Times, January 9, 2003


Asian Development Bank (Economic Analysis for Gender and Development)

Millennium Challenge Corporation (Property Rights Reform in Mongolia)

Abt., Associates (Impact evaluation of national health insurance pilot in Nicaragua)

World Bank (Survey Design, impact evaluation of urban transport upgrading in Accra)

US Agency for International Development (rural titling impact evaluation in Peru)

National Property Institute, Republic of Honduras (titling program impact evaluation design)