Hai and Matthew won the poster award in the Biochemistry Department retreat. Hai presented his work on mitomycin biosynthesis, where he successfully demonstrated that the early steps of mitomycin biosynthesis proceed with intermediates linked to an acyl carrier protein (ACP). The work was published earlier this year. Matthew presented his progress in the study of nikkomycin/polyoxin biosynthesis. He received this award two years in a row! Congratulations to both of you.
Abhi gave a poster presentation of his work on the mechanism of (1,3)-beta-D-glucan synthase in the 2019 Enzymes Coenzymes and Pathway GRC, and won a poster award. Congratulations!!
Hai’s work on the characterization of MitE and MitB enzymes in mitomycin biosynthesis was published in ACS Biochemistry. In this paper, we provide experimental evidence that the early steps of mitomycin biosynthesis proceeds with the biosynthetic intermediates linked to an acyl carrier protein (ACP). This is one of the first examples of ACP-dependent non-PKS/NRPS pathways, and the first step towards understanding the complex mechanism of mitomycin biosynthesis.
Kenichi Yokoyama, Ph.D. has been selected as the 2019 recipient of the Pfizer Award in Enzyme Chemistry administered by the American Chemical Society (ACS). The Pfizer Award was established in 1945 and aims to stimulate fundamental research in enzyme chemistry by scientists, not over forty years of age. Dr. Yokoyama is the second recipient of this award in this department. The first awardee was Dr. Paul Modrich in 1983.
Matthew received the poster award in the Biochemistry annual retreat. He presented his thesis work on the biosynthesis studies of antifungal peptidyl nucleoside natural products. Congratulations!! This is the fifth poster award for the lab since the establishment in 2011.
In this paper, we described detailed protocols of expression, purification, and characterization of MoaA and MoaC, as well as the isolation and characterization of 3′,8-cH2GTP. The in situ 13C NMR assay method was also described so that anyone interested can determine the product of MoaA without going through extensive purification in anaerobic glove box. We hope these protocols are informative to whoever interested in Moco biosynthesis or any other related systems.
This review summarizes the functions and mechanisms of the emerging group of radical SAM enzymes that catalyze C-C bond formations during natural products and cofactor biosynthesis. The review focuses on the roles of these enzymes in the biosynthetic pathways, and the key mechanistic questions relevant to many of these enzymes. Numbers of C-C bond forming radical SAM enzymes are increasing, but their mechanistic characterizations are still in its infancy.
A biochemistry perspective summarizing our studies on the Moco and antifungal peptidyl nucleoside biosyntheses came out as ASAP. This perspective summarizes the works mainly achieved by Brad Hover, Ph.D., and Edward Lilla (Ph.D. to be soon…!). These discoveries were made through characterization of unique C-C bond forming radical SAM enzymes. Congratulations to the two talented students!!
Brad’s JACS 2015 paper about the peptide rescue of GG-motif mutations was selected for the JACS young investigator virtual issue. In this paper, we reported that some of the mutations in MoaA that cause human Moco deficiency disease could be rescued by a synthetic peptide, suggesting potentials for the future development of a novel therapeutics. Interestingly, this study also revealed that the C-terminal tail of MoaA is involved in the radical initiation during the MoaA catalysis.
An article published by STAT, a national publication medium focused on scientific and medical discoveries, highlights the current status of functional enzymology, for which Ken provided expertise. It describes the importance of genome mining discovery of enzymes with novel functions, the interests of many enzymologists including us.