Category Archives: Revolution

Article: “Now Out of Never: The Element of Surprise in the East European Revolution of 1989”

Now Out of Never: The Element of Surprise in the East European Revolution of 1989,” World Politics, 44 (October 1991): 7-48. Abstract

  • Reprint in Nancy Bermeo (ed.), Liberalization and Democratization(Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992): 7- 48.
  • Abridged reprint in Essential Readings in Comparative Politics, 4th ed., edited by Patrick O’Neill and Ronald Rogowski (New York: W. W. Norton, 2012), in press.

Article: “The East European Revolution of 1989: Is It Surprising that We Were Surprised?”

“The East European Revolution of 1989: Is It Surprising that We Were Surprised?” American Economic Review, 81 (May 1991): 121-125. Abstract

  • Reprint in David Kennett and Mark Lieberman (eds.), The Road to Capitalism: Economic Transition in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union (San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1992): 332-338.
  • Reprint in The Economics of Defence, ed. Keith Hartley and Todd Sandler (Cheltenham, United Kingdom: Edgar Elgar, 2000): 552-56.