Research Africa: August 7th, 2019

News and Issues
1. On the Whiteness of Anthropology
By Girish Dasani, July 8, 2019
When studying sociology as an undergraduate student at the National University of Singapore, I was introduced to the work of three seminal thinkers of modern social theory, who are considered to be the founding fathers of sociology: Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim. My teachers at the time, while educating me on the impact of these men’s theories and their applications for an understanding of “modernity”, also emphasized that these theories emerged from a Eurocentric and Androcentric perspective.

Read the story in this link.

2. Britain Is Hoarding a Treasure No One Is Allowed to See
By Daniel Trilling, July 9, 2019
In a storeroom of the British Museum sits a collection of 11 wood and stone tablets that nobody is allowed to see. They are Christian plaques, or tabots, that represent the Ark of the Covenant, and they belong—though belong in this case is a contested term—to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which believes only its priests should view them.

Read the story in this link.

3. After Global Fact in Cape Town, the conversation around ‘Africa’ continues
By Daniela Flamini, June 27, 2019
When the International Fact-Checking Network decided to host Global Fact 6 in South Africa this year, the idea was to counter the Western-centric tendency of conferences past, which have consistently overrepresented Europe and North America. The IFCN believes part of this goal was reached; among more than 250 participants, the fact-checking annual summit welcomed six fact-checking organizations from Africa, three of which were new to the event.

Read the story in this link.

4. From Sudan to Kaepernick, Cartoonist Calls for Joint Fight Against Oppression
By James Reinl, July 12, 2019
On the face of it, the Sudanese protest movement and the American football star Colin Kaepernick, who kneeled during pre-match renditions of the US national anthem, do not have much in common. Think again, says Khalid AlBaih. The Sudanese cartoonist’s new exhibit opened in Manhattan this week, featuring his sharp takes on everything from his country’s political crisis to the former San Francisco 49ers quarterback. The way AlBaih tells it, Kaepernick and the crowds massed on Sudan’s streets are both examples of the have-nots of the world – often discernible by their darker skin tone – challenging the mighty

Read the story in this link.

5. Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa
By Nicolas Florquin, Sigrid Lipott, Francis Wairagu, July 19, 2019
In the first-ever continental analysis of illicit arms flows in Africa, the African Union Commission and the Small Arms Survey identify the scale, availability, characteristics, and supply patterns of illicit small arms in Africa. The report finds that cross-border trafficking by land is the most prominent type of illicit arms flow on the continent.

Read the story in this link.

NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة

Land, the State & The Unfinished Decolonisation Project in Africa: Essays in Honour of Professor Sam Moyo
الأرض والدولة ومشروع التحررغير المكتمل في إفريقيا))
Author: (Editors) Horman Chitonge, Yoichi Mine
This book focuses on the work of one of the leading African scholars on the land question and agrarian transformation in Africa—Sam Moyo. It offers a critical discussion, in conversation with Sam Moyo, of the land question and the response of African states. Since independence, African states have been trying to address the colonial legacy on land policy and governance. After six decades of formulating and implementing land reforms, most countries have not succeeded in decolonising approaches to land policy and the administrative framework. The book brings together the broader debates on the implications of decolonisation of Africa’s land policy. Through case studies from several African countries, the book offers an empirical analysis on land reforms and the emerging land relations, and how these affect land allocation and use, including agricultural production.
Publisher: Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon, 2019

The African Roots of Marijuana
(جذورأعشاب الماريجوانا الأفريقية)
Author: Chris S. Duvall
There’s so much discussion in the contemporary United States about marijuana; debates focus on legalization and medicalization. Usually, Reefer Madness, Harry Anslinger, and race are brought into the conversation. But a big part of the larger marijuana story is missing. In Chris S. Duvall‘s new book, The African Roots of Marijuana, a distinctly non-American story is told that nevertheless has important lessons for current debates. Duvall helps us understand cannabis as a crop, commodity, and tool in African culture and in the history of slavery. He showcases the plant-person relationship and offers valuable lessons about colonialism and rise of ‘big marijuana’ in 2019.
Publisher: Duke University Press, 2019

Rethinking Black German Studies Approaches, Interventions, and Histories
(إعادة النظر في مناهج الدراسات الألمانية الأفريقية: اعتراضات وتواريخ)
Author: (editors) Tiffany Florvil and Vanessa Plumly,
Examining black German studies as a critical, hermeneutic field of inquiry, the contributions are organized around three thematically conceptualized sections: German and Austrian literature and history; pedagogy and theory; and art and performance. Presenting critical works in the fields of performance studies, communication and rhetoric, and musicology, the volume complicates traditional historical narratives, interrogates interdisciplinary methods, and introduces theoretical approaches that help to advance the field.
Publisher: Peter Lang, 2018

The Bavino Sermons
(مواعيظ بافينو)
Author: Lesego Rampolokeng
Born in Orlando West, Soweto, in Johannesburg, Lesego Rampolokeng is a poet, novelist, playwright, filmmaker and writing teacher who rose to prominence in the 1980s, a turbulent period in South Africa’s history. Originally published in 1999, The Bavino Sermons includes memorable poems such as ‘Lines for Vincent’, ‘Riding the victim train’, ‘To Gil Scott-Heron’, ‘Crab attack’,‘Rap Ranting’ and ‘The Fela Sermon’.
Publisher: Deep South, South Africa, 2019

Globalizing Morocco Transnational Activism and the Postcolonial State
(عولمة المغرب: الأنشطة الحركية عبر القارات ودولة ما بعد الاستعمار)
Author: David Stenner
David Stenner’s Globalizing Morocco enriches our understanding of Morocco’s nationalist movement. Stenner examines a collection of previously poorly-studied activists whose work began in the international zone in Morocco and then filtered out into the Arab world, France, and to the United States. Stenner shows how this was accomplished, namely via a decentralized system of activists who worked to win over sympathizers and transform them into allies. One consequence of this was that it was highly effective: Morocco became a global issue for a time, even amidst the competing issues of the early Cold War. At the same time, this approach had a number of weaknesses. The fact that it was decentralized and had no hierarchies also made it relatively easy to co-opt, and many important activists found themselves sidelined in the period after independence.
Publisher: Stanford University Press, 2019

Revelations of Dominance and Resilience: Unearthing the Buried Past of The Akpini, Akan, Germans and British at Kpando, Ghana
(حكايات الهيمنة والصمود: نيش ماضي مجموعات أكبيني وأكان والألمان والبريطانيين في كباندو، دولة غانا)
Author: Wazi Apoh
In this volume chronicling the complex imperial and colonial entanglements of the Kpando region in eastern Ghana over recent centuries, the lions have found their proverbial historian. Drawing on an array of sources—archaeological, oral historical and documentary—Wazi Apoh brings locally nuanced perspective to the complex social political economic entanglements among Akpini, German and British actors. His illumination of previously silenced histories provides a rich platform from which to provoke us to imagine and act on the possibilities for restorative repatriation in the present. Its novel combination of historical study with analysis of ongoing dialogues over repatriation is a unique contribution to African studies.
Publisher: Sub-Saharan Publishers, Ghana, 2019

Foreign Policy as Nation Making: Turkey and Egypt in the Cold War
(حين تتحول السياسة الخارجية الى بناء أمة: حالات تركيا ومصر أثناء الحرب الباردة)
Author: Reem Abou-El-Fadl
After the Second World War, Turkey and Egypt were among the most dynamic actors in the Middle East. Their 1950s foreign policies presented a puzzle, however: Turkey’s Democrat Party pursued NATO membership and sponsored the pro-Western Baghdad Pact regionally, while Egypt’s Free Officers promoted neutralism and pan-Arab alliances. This book asks why; what explains this divergence in a shared historical space? Rethinking foreign policy as an important site for the realisation of nationalist commitments, Abou-El-Fadl finds the answer in the contrasting nation making projects pursued by the two leaderships, each politicised differently through experiences of war, imperialism and underdevelopment. Drawing on untapped Turkish and Arabic sources, and critically engaging with theories of postcolonial nationalism, she emphasises local actors’ agency in striving to secure national belonging, sovereignty and progress in the international field. Her analysis sheds light on the contemporary legacies of the decade which cemented Turkey’s position in the Western Bloc and Egypt’s reputation as an Arab leader.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 2019

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa News: June 30th, 2019

Research Africa: June 30th, 2019

Research Africa Survey Update

The preliminary Research Africa Demographic Survey Results can be found here. The survey will be run again with hopes of reaching a greater percentage of our 1,400 subscribers. We’d appreciate your future participation in our study.

News and Issues

1. Quand le rap français était Noir

18 janvier 2018

Quand le rap français était Noir revient sur l’épopée des groupes de rap français des années 1990 et 2000. Ou quand les rappeurs noirs étaient les maîtres de ce style musical, qu’ils faisaient à eux seuls tourner cette industrie et tentèrent même de la conquérir.

Read the story in this link.

Quand le rap français était Noir: I/ L’art de la revendication
Quand le rap français était Noir revient sur l’épopée des groupes de rap français des années 1990 et 2000. Ou quand les rappeurs noirs étaient les maîtres de ce style musical, qu’ils faisaient à eux seuls tourner cette industrie et tentèrent même de la conquérir. Entre passion et professionnalisme; talent et désillusions, ce dossier est l’occasion

2. Dark is Divine: A Photographer Uses his Camera to Challenge India’s Obsession with Fairness

By Zinnia Ray Chaudhuri, January 18, 2018

The unrelenting obsession with fair skin in India has been a subject of discussion for years. It has inspired campaigns, such Dark is Beautiful and #BinTheTube, which encouraged women to discard their fairness creams. And yet, the tendency to see fair people on television, in films and to uphold them as the standard for beauty remains strong. Apart from popular culture, there is also a bias over skin colour in religious iconography. The myriad of Hindu gods and goddesses – Lakshmi, Ganesh and Shiva – are often fair-skinned in their visual representation.

Read the story in this link.

Dark is Divine: A photographer uses his camera to challenge India’s obsession with fairness – – Latest News, In depth news, India news, Politics news, Indian Cinema, Indian sports, Culture, Video News
Photography Dark is Divine: A photographer uses his camera to challenge India’s obsession with fairness Chennai-based Naresh Nil’s images depict gods and goddesses as dark-skinned.

3. Africa Helping to Shape the World

By: Kingsley Ighobor, June 4, 2019

Tijjani Muhammad-Bande, Nigeria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, was on 4 June elected President of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly. His tenure will begin in September 2019. In this interview with Africa Renewal’s Kingsley Ighobor, Prof. Bande talks about his vision, Africa’s socioeconomic challenges including eliminating poverty, addressing climate change, promoting gender equality, and deploying multilateralism to achieving global agenda. These are excerpts.

Read the story in this link.

4. “I am Omar ibn Said”

By David Cecelski, June 27, 2019

In 1903, British colonial administrator Sir Charles Norton Edgecumbe Eliot made a bold statement: “It is not uncommon for a country to create a railway, but it is uncommon for a railway to create a country.” The country was Kenya. The railway became known as the Lunatic Express. Now 116 years later, another railway line has been built almost parallel to those same tracks in a bid to transform this part of Africa, but this time by a different world power: China.

Read the story in this link.

NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة

The Doctrine of Atonement for Building Human Rights in Malawi

(نحو اطار فقهي لحقوق الإنسان في ملاوي)

Author: Joseph Andrew Thipa

This study is a critical investigation of a theological basis for believers and the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian in Malawi to support a culture of human dignity and human rights, and specifically in line with the classic Reformed doctrine of atonement, as reflected in the works of Calvin and Barth and also the Westminster Confession. It is argued in this study that the very essence of public recognition and consistent implementation of human rights is far reaching when understood in light of the Reformed view of the atonement.

Publisher: Kachere Series, Malawi, 2019

Entre Nous: Between the World Cup and Me

(عهد بيننا: قصتي مع كأس العالم في كرة القدم)

Author: Grant Farred

In Entre Nous, Grant Farred examines the careers of international football stars Lionel Messi and Luis Suarez to theorize the relationship between sports and the intertwined experiences of relation, separation, and belonging. Additionally, he includes his own experience playing for an amateur township team in apartheid South Africa. Drawing on Jean-Luc Nancy’s concept of relation and Heideggerian ontology, Farred outlines how various relationships—the significantly distinct relationships Messi has with his club team FC Barcelona and the Argentine national team; Farred’s shifting modes of relation as he moved between his South African team and his Princeton graduate student team; and Suarez’s deep bond with Uruguay’s national team coach Oscar Tabarez—demonstrate the ways the politics of relation both exist within and transcend sports. Farred demonstrates that approaching sports philosophically offers particularly insightful means of understanding the nature of being in the world, thereby opening new paths for exploring how the self is constituted in its relation to the other.

Publisher: Duke University Press, 2019

Une Jeune Femme sur Un Bateau IVRE Agathe Uwilingiyimana du Rwanda

(قصة شابة على متن قارب: رواية من رواندا)

Author : Innocent Butare

Très peu de personnes auront eu à traverser des temps aussi troublés que ceux que vécut Agathe Uwilingiyimana comme Premier ministre du Rwanda avant le génocide. Au sujet de cette femme de tête, ses idées et son action, bien des questions demeurent sans réponse. Qui l’a assassinée et pourquoi ? Aurait-elle tenté un putsch contre le Président Habyarimana ? Aurait-elle trempé dans le complot visant à assassiner ce dernier ? Comment entendait-elle sauver le pays du chaos et de la descente aux enfers après la disparition inopinée du Président de la République qu’elle avait si âprement combattu ? Était-elle maîtresse de ses décisions ou était-elle désinformée ou manipulée ? Pourquoi et comment cette enseignante récemment embarquée en politique a-t-elle été la cible privilégiée de la presse de caniveau, entre 1992 et 1994 ? Quel comportement exceptionnel a-t-elle eu pour que la patrie reconnaissante l’élève au rang des héros dans l’ordre d’Imena ? Son royaume d’enfance, son adolescence et sa jeunesse préfiguraient-ils un destin si singulier ?

Publisher: Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon, 2019

West Germany and Namibia’s Path to Independence, 1969-1990 Foreign Policy and Rivalry with East Germany

(قصة ااستقلال ناميبيا من المانيا الغربية 1969-1990 : قراءات في السياسة الخارجية والتنافسية مع ألمانيا الشرقية)

Author: Thorsten Kern

Namibia’s main liberation movement, the South West Africa People’s Organisation (SWAPO), relied heavily on outside support for its armed struggle against South Africa’s occupation of what it called South West Africa. While East Germany’s solidarity with Namibia’s struggle for national self-determination has received attention, little research has been done on West Germany’s policy towards Namibia, which must be seen against the backdrop of inter-German rivalry. The impact of the wider realities of the Cold War on Namibia’s rocky path to independence leaves ample room for research and new interpretations. In West Germany and Namibia’s Path to Independence, 1969-1990: Foreign Policy and Rivalry with East Germany, Thorsten Kern shows that German division played a vital role in West Germany’s position towards Namibia during the Cold War. West German foreign policy towards Namibia at the height of the Namibian liberation struggle is investigated and discussed within its historical context. The two states’ deeply diverging policies, characterised by competition for infuence over SWAPO, were strongly affected by the Cold War rivalry between the capitalist West and the communist East. Yet ultimately the dynamics of rapprochement helped to bring about Namibia’s independence.

Publisher: Basler Afrika Bibliographien, Namibia , 2019

White Masks

(أقنعة بيضاء)

Author: Ebi Yeibo

This collection of poetry both reflects and creates phenomena that we now regard as characteristic of our age – the crisis of nationhood and the burden of citizenship. Ebi Yeibo’s White Masks unambiguously exposes the dystopian nightmares of a nation and a people’s willing detachment from humanity. While some poets of his generation are content with dreaming of an ideal world, in White Masks, Yeibo, through the resources of memory, experiments with the idea of a better world.

Publisher: Malthouse Press, Nigeria, 2019

Wrapping Authority: Women Islamic Leaders in a Sufi Movement in Dakar, Senegal

(إيواء الايوان: القيادات الاسلامية النسائية في الحركات الصوفية في السنغال)

Author: Joseph Hill

Since 2000, a growing number of women in Dakar, Senegal have come to act openly as spiritual leaders for both men and women. As urban youth turn to the Fayḍa Tijāniyya Sufi Islamic movement in search of direction and community, these women provide guidance in practicing Islam and cultivating mystical knowledge of God. While female Islamic leaders may appear radical in a context where women have rarely exercised Islamic authority, they have provoked surprisingly little controversy. Wrapping Authority tells these women’s stories and explores how they have developed ways of leading that feel natural to themselves and those around them.

Publisher: University of Toronto Press, 2018

Gender Terrains in African Cinema

(قضايا الجنسين في السينما الإفريقية)

Author: Dominica Dipio

Gender Terrains in African Cinema reflects on a body of canonical African filmmakers who address a trajectory of pertinent social issues. Dipio analyzes gender relations around three categories of female characters – the girl child, the young woman and the elderly woman in comparison to their male counterparts. Although gender remains the focal point in this lucid and fascinating text, Dipio focuses her discussion on African feminism in relation to Western feminism. With its broad appeal to African humanities, Gender Terrains in African Cinema stands as a unique and radical contribution to the field of African film studies, which until now, has suffered from a paucity of scholarship.

Publisher: NISC (Pty) Ltd, South Africa, 2019.

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa: May 28th, 2019

Research Africa: May 28th, 2019

News and Issues
1. The Brilliant Women Making A Difference In Sudan’s Female-Led Revolution
By Amel Mukhtar, May 24, 2019
For 155 days so far — almost half a year — protests against the Sudanese regime have taken over life in the country. It took 113 of those days to finally depose its president of 30 years, Omar Al-Bashir, in a phenomenal first win for its citizens. However, his regime remains and, since April 6, hundreds of thousands of the population have formed a sit-in demanding their democracy. Despite the oppressive Public Order Law, a moral prohibition that can arbitrarily punish women for “indecent acts” such as wearing trousers or walking alone, and despite government orders for militia to target them in shocking ways, women powerfully form the vast majority of protests. They have refused to let energy lull, instead becoming the loudest voices carrying out the most rebellious actions.

Read the story in this link.
The Brilliant Women Making A Difference In Sudan’s Female-Led Revolution
Vogue speaks to three Sudanese women vital to the paradigm shift

2. African Samurai: The Enduring Legacy of a Black Warrior in Feudal Japan
By Natalie Leung, May 20, 2019
When feudal Japan’s most powerful warlord Nobunaga Oda met Yasuke, a black slave-turned-retainer, in 1581, he believed the man was a god.Oda had never seen an African before. And like the locals in Japan’s then-capital of Kyoto, he was awed by Yasuke’s height, build and skin tone, according to Thomas Lockley, the author of “African Samurai: The True Story of Yasuke, a Legendary Black Warrior in Feudal Japan.”
“When Yasuke got to Kyoto (with Jesuit missionaries), there was a massive riot. People wanted to see him and be in his presence,” says Lockley, who spent nine years researching and writing the book, which was published last month.
Read the story in this link.

3. The Boy Abducted to Guide Blind Beggars in Nigeria
By Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani, May 19, 2019

Samuel Abdulraheem has no recollection of the day he was abducted, aged seven, from his family home in the northern Nigerian city of Kano. Although he came from a large family – his father had 17 children by four wives – Samuel was on his own with a nanny that day. His family were told he had gone outside to ride his bicycle. They would not see him again for another six years.
“There is nothing we didn’t do to try to find him,” his older sister Firdausi Okezie recalls. Then aged 21, she was not made aware of his disappearance at first. Her brother had always enjoyed rushing to answer the phone and speak with her when she called home from university. But when other members of the household began answering it when she rang, she suspected something was wrong.

Read the story in this link.
The boy abducted to guide blind beggars
How a seven-year-old was stolen from his home in Nigeria and the chance encounter with his sister six years later.

4. A Legacy of Lunacy Haunts Kenya’s Old Railway.
By Jenni Marsh, May 21, 2019

In 1903, British colonial administrator Sir Charles Norton Edgecumbe Eliot made a bold statement: “It is not uncommon for a country to create a railway, but it is uncommon for a railway to create a country.” The country was Kenya. The railway became known as the Lunatic Express. Now 116 years later, another railway line has been built almost parallel to those same tracks in a bid to transform this part of Africa, but this time by a different world power: China. Will China’s $3.6B line be different? Kenya took on huge debt to buy a modern railway from Beijing that it hopes will boost its economy … despite the controversy it has attracted.

Read the story in this link.

5. Sekou Toure’s iconic 1963 speech on Africa’s endless possibilities as a united force
By Francis Akhalbey, May 24, 2019

May 25 of every year in Africa is Africa Day. The day is set aside by the African Union (AU) to commemorate the founding of the Organization of African Unity (OAU). Throughout this week, which is also termed #AfricaWeek, Face2Face Africa will be sharing some iconic speeches by the founding fathers of the Organization of African Unity as a build up to Africa Day. Here’s the 1963 speech by the former president of Guinea and staunch pan-Africanist Ahmed Sekou Touré titled “The life of a man is counted in decades; the life of Africa is endless.”

Read the story in this link.

6. Being Black in Nazi Germany
By Damian Zane, May 22, 2019

Standing among her white classmates, who stare straight into the camera, she enigmatically glances to the side. Curiosity about the photograph – who the girl was and what she was doing in Germany – set the award-winning film-maker off on a path that led to Where Hands Touch, a new movie starring Amandla Stenberg and George MacKay. It is an imagined account of a mixed-race teenager’s clandestine relationship with a Hitler Youth member, but it is based on historical record.

Read the story in this link.
Being black in Nazi Germany
A new film explores the little-known story of Germany’s mixed-race population in the 1930s and 1940s.

NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة

From African Peer Review Mechanisms To African Queer Review Mechanisms: Robert Gabriel Mugabe, Empire and the Decolonisation of African Orifices
( من آليات المحاسبة الندية إلى آليات الملاطفة الغرامية في أفريقيا: قراءات في أفكار روبرت غابرييل موغابي حول الإمبراطورية وإنهاء الاستعمار في الوسط الأفريقي)
Author/ (Editors): Artwell Nhemachena, Tapiwa Victor Warikandwa
This book juxtaposes economic liberalisation with the mounting liberalisation of African orifices. Reading land repossession and economic structural adjustment programmes together with what they call neoimperial structural adjustment of African orifices, the authors argue that there has been liberalisation of African orifices in a context where Africans are ironically prevented from repossessing their material resources. Juxtaposing recent bouts of Mugabephobia with discourses on homophobia, the book asks why empire prefers liberalising African orifices rather than attending to African demands for restitution, restoration and reparations. Noting that empire opposes African sovereignty, autonomy, and centralisation of power while paradoxically promoting transnational corporations’ centralisation of power over African economies, the book challenges contemporary discourses about shared sovereignty, distributed governance, heterarchy, heteronomy and onticology. Arguing that colonialists similarly denied Africans of their human essence, the volume problematises queer sexualities, homosexuality, ecosexuality, cybersexuality and humanoid robotic sexuality all of which complicate supposedly fundamental distinctions between human beings and animals and machines.
Publisher: Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon, 2019

Connecting South-South Communities The Narrative of South African-Malaysian Relations
( ربط مجتمعات الجنوب مجتمعات الجنوب: سرد العلاقات بين جنوب إفريقيا وماليزيا)
Author: Muhammed Haron
In addition to offering a comprehensive overview and fair insight over more than twenty five years into the relations between two South Middle Powers, namely South Africa and Malaysia, this book also discusses them within their respective regional structures and evaluates their diplomatic and commercial connections. It also explores issues that have generally been neglected by international relations experts; in this regard, it gives attention to cultural contacts that bring the critical role of non-state actors into the forefront of international affairs. Since the ideas espoused by South Africa and Malaysia’s political leaders are rooted in their specific national and broad regional philosophies, the study also unpacks the notions of the ’African ways’ vis-à-vis the ‘Asian ways’ in maintaining and sustaining state-to-state relations within the two regions. This book, which uses Critical Theory as an appropriate framework takes full recognition of various developments in international relations and adds to the fields of social sciences and the humanities.
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018

Fictioning Namibia as a Space of Desire: An Excursion into the Literary Space of Namibia During Colonialism, Apartheid and the Liberation Struggle
(تخيل ناميبيا كفضاء للهوى والرغبات)
Author: Renzo Baas
Modern-day Namibian history has largely been shaped by three major eras: German colonial rule, South African apartheid occupation, and the Liberation Struggle. It was, however, not only military conquest that laid the cornerstone for the colony, but also how the colony was imagined, the ‘dream’ of this colony. As a tool of discursive worldmaking, literature has played a major role in providing a framework in which to ‘dream’ Namibia: first from outside its borders and then from within. In Fictioning Namibia as a Space of Desire, Renzo Baas employs Henri Lefebvre’s city–countryside dialectic and reworks it in order to uncover how fictional texts played an integral part in the violent acquisition of a foreign territory. Through the production of myths around whiteness, German and South African authors designed a literary space in which control, destruction, and the dehumanisation of African peoples are understood as a natural order, one that is dictated by history and its linear continuation. These European texts are offset by Namibia’s first novel by an African, offering a counter-narrative to the colonial invention that was (German) South West Africa.
Publisher: Basler Afrika Bibliographien, 2019

KENDA MŨIYŨRU: Rũgano rwa Gĩkũyũ na Mũmbi
Author: Ngugi wa Thiong’oAuthor
One particular night, Ngugi suddenly woke up
He felt like the eyes of his heart had been opened
He had got a revelation
He went to his living room and took a pen.
He started writing this story about Gikuyu and Mumbi
And their perfect nine.
So this is not history, it is a revelation;

A revelation of love
A revelation of hope
A revelation of perseverance
A revelation of bravery
A revelation of knowledge
Publisher: East African Educational Publishers, Kenya, 2018

Experiments with Empire: Anthropology and Fiction in the French Atlantic
(اختبارات تجريبية مع الإمبراطورية: الأنثروبولوجيا والخيال في ظل الحكم الفرنسي للمحيط الأطلسي)
Author: Justin Izzo
In Experiments with Empire, Justin Izzo examines how twentieth-century writers, artists, and anthropologists from France, West Africa, and the Caribbean experimented with ethnography and fiction in order to explore new ways of understanding the colonial and postcolonial world. Focusing on novels, films, and ethnographies that combine fictive elements and anthropological methods, Izzo shows how empire gives ethnographic fictions the raw materials for thinking beyond empire’s political and epistemological boundaries. In works by French surrealist writer Michel Leiris, filmmaker Jean Rouch, Malian writer Amadou Hampâté Bâ, and Martinican author Patrick Chamoiseau, anthropology no longer functions on behalf of imperialism as a way to understand and administer colonized peoples; its relationship with imperialism gives writers and artists the opportunity for textual experimentation and political provocation. Anthropology, Izzo also contends, helps readers to better make sense of the complicated legacy of imperialism and to imagine new democratic futures
Publisher: Duke University Press, 2019
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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa News: May 18th, 2019

Research Africa: May 18th, 2019

Notes from the Research Africa Editorial Team

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News and Issues

1. Special Issue on Sudan. “Down with the Government of Thieves!” Reflection on the Sudanese Revolutionary Dynamics

By Clément Deshayes, Margaux Etienne and Khadidja Medani, May 7, 2019

Since December 2018, Sudan has experienced demonstrations calling for the fall of Omar al-Bashir, who has led the country since 1989, as well as the whole regime. In this special issue, dedicated to the Sudanese uprising, Noria offers an analysis of the socio-historical dynamics which underlie the unprecedented mobilizations of the past four months. This issue offers a unique collection of field-based analyzes on the Sudanese upraising.

Read the story in this link.

Special Issue on Sudan. “Down with the Government of Thieves!” : Reflection on the Sudanese revolutionary Dynamics – Noria
Since December 2018, Sudan has experienced demonstrations calling for the fall of Omar al-Bashir, who has led the country since 1989, as well as the whole regime. In this special issue, dedicated to the Sudanese uprising, Noria offers an analysis of the socio-historical dynamics which underlie the unprecedented mobilizations of the past four months. This …
2. The Roots of Sudan’s Upheaval

By John Campbell, May 9, 2019

While the Sudanese military expelled President Omar al-Bashir from office, the people of Sudan are ultimately responsible for toppling his regime, and the leaders of the protest movement have promised not to let up until civilian rule is secured. They well know that any persistence of military control represents a continuation of the Bashir regime, and in particular, the Arabic-speaking population’s monopoly of power. For three decades they have endured the suppression of civil society, labor unions, freedom of press and religion, and any real measure of democratic expression or development. The Sudanese people have enough experience with the security apparatus Bashir created to know that exchanging one general with another does not represent improvement.

Read the story here.

3. To Develop Africa, Break with Capitalism

By Giovanni Vimercate, April 26, 2019

Guyanese historian, academic and political activist Walter Rodney was assassinated in 1980 at the age of 38. Yet almost 40 years after his death, Rodney’s How Europe Underdeveloped Africa remains as relevant as when published: a call to arms in the class struggle for racial equality.

Walter Rodney examined the economics of colonialism and showed the profound connections between racial inequality and social injustice. Today, his ideas are as compelling as ever.

Read the story in this link.

‘To develop Africa, break with capitalism’
Walter Rodney examined the economics of colonialism and showed the profound connections between racial inequality and social injustice. Today, his ideas are as compelling as ever.

4. “Sudan gives us confidence,” What’s Next for Uganda’s Opposition?

By Sophie Neimanmay, May 9, 2019

Outside of the Chief Magistrate Court in Kampala, crowds of young people decked in red berets and clothing sing and cheer. They came here to support Bobi Wine at his bail application hearing and are now jubilantly celebrating his release. Others race down the road to the popular singer’s home, fighting police tear gas on the way, to give him a hero’s welcome. These scenes are evidence of how big a following Bobi Wine (real name Robert Kyagulanyi) has built up in Uganda today. Drawing on his rough upbringing in Kampala’s slums, the 37-year-old singer-turned-politician has styled himself as a warrior for ordinary people. His critiques of Uganda’s many ills in his speeches and songs have won him widespread support, particularly among a frustrated youth.

Read the story here.

“Sudan gives us confidence”: What next for Uganda’s opposition? – African Arguments
Uganda’s government is clamping down heavily on opposition figure Bobi Wine, but he and his supporters remain undeterred. Outside of the Chief Magistrate Court in Kampala, crowds of young people decked in red berets and clothing sing and cheer. They came here to support Bobi Wine at his bail application hearing and are now jubilantly celebrating his release. Others race down the road to the popular singer’s home, fighting police tear gas on the way, to give him a hero’s welcome. These scenes are evidence of how big a following Bobi Wine (real name Robert Kyagulanyi) has built up in …

5. The story of Oromo Slaves Bound for Arabia who were Taken to South Africa

By Fred Morton, May 13, 2019

In September 1888, the HMS Osprey serving in the Royal Navy’s anti-slave trade mission in the Red Sea based in Aden, intercepted three dhows embarked from Rahayta and Tadjoura on the Ethiopia coast. Aboard were 204 boys and girls bound for resale in Arabian markets. Other dhows with young human cargo were also apprehended. The children came from the highland area of Oromia Region of Ethiopia, and spoke the Oromo language.

Read the story in this link.

The story of Oromo slaves bound for Arabia who were taken to South Africa
The story of the 204 boys and girls is captured in a new book laden with graphs, maps, charts and statistics.

NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة

African Feminist Theology and Baptist Pastors’ Wives in Malawi

(الحركة النسائية الإفريقية: حالة دراسية للعلاقة بين علم الاهوت وزوجات القساوسة في ملاوي)

Author: Molly Longwe

This book presents a story of the experiences of the pastors’ wives within the Baptist Convention of Malawi (BACOMA). Formed in 1970 out of the missionary endeavors of the North American-based Southern Baptist Convention (SBC), BACOMA is a voluntary national association of Baptist churches. Molly Longwe‘s book presents a concise picture of African Feminist Theology and relates it to the lived experiences of pastors‘ wives in the Baptist Convention of Malawi.

Publisher: Luviri Press, Malawi, 2019

Children of Hope: The Odyssey of the Oromo Slaves from Ethiopia to South Africa

(أطفال الرجاء: مآسي المسترقين من قبائل أورومو الايثيوبيين المرحلين إلى جنوب إفريقيا)

Author: Sandra Rowoldt Shell

In Children of Hope, Sandra Rowoldt Shell traces the lives of sixty-four Oromo children who were enslaved in Ethiopia in the late nineteenth century, liberated by the British navy and ultimately sent to Lovedale Institution, a Free Church of Scotland mission in South Africa for their safety. Because Scottish missionaries in Yemen interviewed each of the Oromo children shortly after their liberation, we have sixty-four, structured life histories told by the children themselves.

Publisher: Ohio University Press, 2018

Citizenship in Motion: South African and Japanese Scholars in Conversation

(نحو تجديد المواطنة: حوار بين علماء من جنوب أفريقيا وعلماء من اليابان)

Author: (Editor) Itsuhiro Hazama, Kiyoshi Umeya, Francis B. Nyamnjoh

Anthropological reflections on citizenship focus on themes such as politics, ethnicity and state management. Present day scholarship on citizenship tends to problematize, unsettle and contest often taken-for-granted conventional connotations and associations of citizenship with imagined culturally bounded political communities of rigidly controlled borders. This book, the result of two years of research conducted by South African and Japanese scholars, provides a framework on citizenship in the 21st century and contributes to ongoing efforts to rethink citizenship globally, as informed by particular experiences in Africa and Japan. Central to the essays in this book is the concept of flexible citizenship, predicated on a recognition of the histories of human and cultural mobility and of the shaping and reshaping of places and spaces. In these discussions, the authors grapple with the ideas of being and belonging, core elements of humanity.

Publisher: Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon, 2019

Linguistics in Pursuit of Justice

(اللغويات: نحو تحقيق العدالة)

Author: John Baugh, Author

As a black child growing up in inner-city neighborhoods in Philadelphia and Los Angeles, John Baugh witnessed racial discrimination at a young age and began to notice correlations between language and race. While attending college he worked at a laundromat serving African Americans who were often subjected to mistreatment by the police. His observations piqued his curiosity about the ways that linguistic diversity might be related to the burgeoning Civil Rights movement for racial equality in America. Baugh pursued these ideas while traveling internationally only to discover alternative forms of linguistic discrimination in Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, the Caribbean and South America. He coined the phrase ‘linguistic profiling’ based on experimental studies of housing discrimination, and expanded upon those findings to promote equity in education, employment, medicine, and the law. This book is the product of the culmination of these studies, devoted to the advancement of equality and global justice.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 2018

South Sudan: Elites, Ethnicity, Endless Wars and the Stunted State

(جنوب السودان: النخب والقبليات والحروب الدائمة والدولة الواهنة)

Author: (Editor): Peter Adwok Nyaba

South Sudan: Elites, Ethnicity, Endless Wars and the Stunted State is likely to achieve its objective of stimulating debate about the future of South Sudan as a viable polity. The hope is that readers, through the debate generated by this book, will rediscover the commonality that marked the struggle for freedom, justice, and fraternity, and abandon ethnic ideologies as a means of constructing a modern state in South Sudan. This work is a must-read for South Sudanese intellectuals who seek to reshape South Sudan’s socioeconomic development and political trajectory.

Publisher: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, Tanzania, 2019

Our Own Way in This Part of the World: Biography of an African Community, Culture, and Nation

(منهجنا في هذا القطر من العالم: سيرة مجتمع وثقافة وأمة أفريقية)

Author: Kwasi Konadu

Kofi Donko was a blacksmith and farmer, as well as an important healer, intellectual, spiritual leader, settler of disputes, and custodian of values for his Ghanaian community. Kwasi Konadu centers Donko’s life story and experiences in a communography of Donko’s community and nation from the late nineteenth century through the end of the twentieth, which were shaped by historical forces from colonial Ghana’s cocoa boom to decolonization and political and religious parochialism. Although Donko touched the lives of thousands of citizens and patients, neither he nor they appear in national or international archives covering the region. Yet his memory persists in his intellectual and healing legacy, and the story of his community offers a non-national, decolonized example of social organization structured around spiritual forces that serves as a powerful reminder of the importance for scholars to take cues from the lived experiences and ideas of the people they study.

Publisher: Duke University Press, 2019.

The Marks: An Anthology of Literary Works on Boko Haram

(البصمات: مختارات من الأعمال الأدبية المكتوبة عن بوكو حرام)

Author: (Editor) Tanure Ojaide, Razinat T. Mohammed, Abubakar Othman

This anthology is an outcome of literary writers’ reaction to the Boko Haram insurgency in the north-eastern region of Nigeria. Life has not only been extensively disrupted by the group’s violent tactics and its mind-numbing levels of physical destruction but also has become disturbed as the number of people dislocated and seeking refuge in urban centers reaches the millions. These refugees, classified as Internally Displaced Persons and living in camps guarded by Nigerian soldiers, have received worldwide attention. Writers in the affected areas and elsewhere in Nigeria have responded in poetry, short stories, and non-fiction some of which are collected here.

Publisher: Malthouse Press, Nigeria, 2019

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa: April 21, 2019

Research Africa: April 21, 2019

In Memoriam: R.S. O’Fahey
The Research Africa community is deeply saddened to learn of the passing of its cofounder, Rex Seán O’Fahey, Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Bergen, Norway. An internationally recognized authority on the history of the Sudan and a scholar of Sufism, Dr. O’Fahey died on April 9 in Oslo. O’Fahey obtained his B.A. in African and Middle Eastern history from the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), followed by a PhD in 1973, also from SOAS, with a thesis on the history of the Keira Sultanate of Darfur (17th to early 20th centuries). He taught African history for three years at the University of Khartoum and for one year at the University of Edinburgh. In 1972, O’Fahey arrived at the University of Bergen as the first research fellow in non-European history. He remained in Bergen for the rest of his career, becoming Reader and then Professor (in 1985) and helping transform the university into a vital hub for Sudan studies and for the study of the Islamic societies of eastern Africa more generally.

Read more about this scholar here:

Fellowship and Conference Announcements
1. The “Africa Multiple” Cluster of Excellence at the University of Bayreuth (Germany) invites scholars with PhDs working in the field of African studies to apply for African studies fellowships in the Bayreuth Academy of Advanced African Studies. Apply here.(Apr. 30).

2. The African Network 2019 Conference: “Decolonizing the Classroom”
Smith College, Northampton Massachusetts- September 27-29, 2019

Africanist teaching and scholarship has long fought to bring African voices to the center of scholarly debate. However, structural inequality and prejudice has also allowed colonial hierarchies within the academy to remain. Following the lead of growing African social movements like #RhodesMustFall, the Africanist community in the West must now grapple with their own traditions of power, privilege and exclusion.

Read the story in this link:

AN 2019 Conference CFP- Decolonizing the Classroom

AN 2019 Conference CFP- Decolonizing the Classroom – The Africa Network
“Decolonizing the Classroom”Africa Network’s Biennial ConferenceSmith College, Northampton Massachusetts- September 27-29, 2019. Africanist teaching and scholarship has long fought to bring African voices to the center of scholarly debate. However, structural inequality and prejudice has also allowed colonial hierarchies within the academy to remain.
News and Issues
1. Ghana Must Go: The ugly history of Africa’s most famous bag
By Shola Lawal, April 5, 2019

In 1983, Nigeria expelled two million undocumented West African migrants, half of whom were from Ghana. The sturdy, checked bags into which they packed their belongings have become a symbol of exclusion and intolerance. Nearly four decades later, the region is yet to confront its emotional baggage.

Read the story in this link:
GHANA MUST GO: The ugly history of Africa’s most famous bag –
In 1983, Nigeria expelled two million undocumented West African migrants, half of whom were from Ghana. The sturdy, checked bags into which they packed their belongings have become a symbol of exclusion and intolerance.

2. Archivists race to digitize slavery records before the history is lost Global Nation
By Rupa Shenoy, April 4, 2019

Abu Koroma is the archivist in training at the National Archives of Sierra Leone, and he’ll remain the archivist in training until one of the two senior professionals retire. “That is how it is done,” he laughed. When Koroma started at the archives in 2004, Sierra Leone was emerging from civil war. He was fresh out of high school and his parents had died, so he desperately needed the small salary. And the archives fascinated Korma; they date back to the first treaty regional leaders made with British colonists in 1788.

Read the story in this link:
Archivists race to digitize slavery records before the history is lost
The era of the trans-Atlantic slavery is documented in archives in former colonies around the world. Now, just as there’s the most potential to use those documents to fill in large gaps in history, some of those archives are at risk of being lost.

3. Protesters in Sudan and Algeria Have Learned From the Arab Spring
By Ismail Kushkush, April 13, 2019
A photograph has been floating around on social media recently featuring six Arab leaders at a summit meeting in 2010, all with red X marks on them. The first four, from left to right, were deposed during the Arab Spring in 2011: Tunisia’s Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Yemen’s Ali Abdullah Saleh, Libya’s Muammar Qaddafi, and Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak. The two on the far right—Algeria’s Abdelaziz Bouteflika and Sudan’s Omar al-Bashir—lasted longer, but it appears their day, too, has come.

Read the story in this link:
Protesters in Sudan and Algeria Have Learned From the Arab Spring
The demonstrations have their own local characteristics, but there are several parallels.

4. The Handwritten Heritage of South Africa’s Kitabs
By Alia Yunis, March 2019

In an orange house along one of the sloped lanes of Bo-Kaap, Cape Town’s Muslim neighborhood, 92-year-old Abdiyah Da Costa deftly climbs the stairs to the second floor to what essentially has become a personal museum. Meticulously dressed and made up—she used to own what she describes as four “high-fashion” clothing shops. Outside her window is a view of Cape Town’s iconic, flat-topped Table Mountain, which overlooks the city and the Atlantic Ocean. Inside, her walls are covered with black-and-white photos of her husband, parents, siblings and other relatives long gone. Her beaded wedding dress is on display, as are souvenirs from her pilgrimage to Makkah as well as awards and certificates received over the years. But we didn’t come to see these things. We came to see her kitabs.

Read the story in this link:
The Handwritten Heritage of South Africa’s Kitabs – AramcoWorld
One heirloom connects Muslim families of Cape Town to heritage more than any other: a kitab. Historians and linguists value them, too, as some preserve the

New Books ‫كتب جديدة

Traditional Leaders in a Democracy: Resources, Respect and Resistance
(دور الزعماء التقليديين في الديمقراطية: بين الموارد والاحترام والمقاومة)
Author: (Editor) Mbongiseni Buthelezi & Dineo Skosana

Post-1994, South Africa’s traditional leaders have fought for recognition and positioned themselves as major players in the South African political landscape. Yet their role in a democracy is contested, with leaders often accused of abusing power, disregarding human rights, expropriating resources, and promoting tribalism. Some argue that democracy and traditional leadership are irredeemably opposed and cannot co-exist. Meanwhile, shifts in the political economy of the former bantustans − the introduction of platinum mining in particular − have attracted new interests and conflicts to these areas, with chiefs often designated as custodians of community interests. This edited volume explores how chieftancy is practiced, experienced and contested in contemporary South Africa. It includes case studies of how those living under the authority of chiefs, in a modern democracy, negotiate or resist this authority in their respective areas.
Publisher: Mapungubwe Institute (MISTRA), South Africa

Dani Nabudere’s Afrikology – A Quest for African Holism
(داني نابوديري أفريكولوجيا – مسائل عن الشمولية الأفريقية)
Author: Sanya Osha

Dani Wadada Nabudere, the illustrious Ugandan scholar, produced a work that touches on the diversity of African culture, politics, and philosophy. Toward the end of his life, he formulated a theoretical construct that he termed “Afrikology.” Unlike most other Afrocentrists, who have failed to go beyond proving the primacy of the Egyptian past and its numerous cultural and scientific achievements, Nabudere strenuously attempts to connect that illustrious heritage with the African present. This, remarkably, is what makes his project worthy of careful attention. His corpus is multidisciplinary; his writings deal with critiques of imperialism, African political systems, processes of globalization and Africa’s location within them. The ideological and existential imperatives of Afrocentric discourse is critical to the work and its purpose.
Publisher: CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018

Counterterrorism Law and Practice in the East African Community
(قانون وممارسات مكافحة الإرهاب في مجتمع شرق إفريقيا)
Author: Christopher E. Bailey

This book examines the existing counter-terrorism laws and practices in the six-member East African Community (EAC) as it applies to a range of law enforcement and military activities under various international legal obligations. Dr. Christopher E. Bailey provides a comparative examination of existing national laws for EAC countries, including compliance with obligations under international human rights and humanitarian law, and offers a range of legal reform recommendations. This book addresses two primary, related researchquestions: To what extent do the current national counter-terrorism laws and practices of the EAC Partner States comply with existing international human rights safeguards? What laws or practices can the EAC adopt to achieve better compliance with human rights safeguards in both civilian and military counter-terrorism operations?
Publisher: Brill Publications

Challenges and Opportunities for Inclusive Development in Ethiopia
(تحديات وفرص التنمية الشاملة في إثيوبيا)
Author: (Editor) Dessalegn Rahmato, Meheret Ayenew

As part of its on-going public dialogue program on progress in Ethiopia’s development and public policy, the Forum for Social Studies is undertaking a project on the theme of ‘Prospects and Challenges for Inclusive and Participatory Development in Ethiopia’. The aim is to enable researchers and professionals to present evidence-based papers to stimulate debate and reflection on this topic. This first book in the program looks at the impact of development or lack of it, on specific social groups, namely women, young people and vulnerable sectors of the population that should be entitled to social care.
Publisher: Forum for Social Studies, Ethiopia, 2018

Boundaries, Communities, and State-Making in West Africa: The Centrality of the Margins
(الحدود والمجتمعات وبناء الدولة في غرب إفريقيا: نحو مركزية الأطراف)
Author: Paul Nugent

Border regions are often considered to be the neglected margins. In this book, Paul Nugent argues through a comparison of the Senegambia and the trans-Volta (Ghana/Togo) that the geographical margins have shaped notions of centers. This study surveys three centuries of history to demonstrate that states were forged through an extended process of converting a topography of settled states and slaving frontiers into colonial borders. It argues that post-colonial states and larger social contracts have been configured very differently as a consequence. It underscores the impact on regional dynamics and the phenomenon of peripheral urbanism. Nugent also addresses the manner in which a variegated sense of community has been forged amongst Mandinka, Jola, Ewe and Agotime populations who have both shaped and been shaped by the border. This exercise in reciprocal comparison motivates the audience to shuffle between scales, from the local and the particular to the national and the regional.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 2019.

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa: March 31, 2019

Research Africa: March 31, 2019

News and Issues

1. Why do so many Egyptian statues have broken noses?

By Julia Wolkoff, March 20, 2019

The most common question that curator Edward Bleiberg fields from visitors to the Brooklyn Museum’s Egyptian art galleries is a straightforward but salient one: Why are the statues’ noses broken? Bleiberg, who oversees the museum’s extensive holdings of Egyptian, Classical and ancient Near Eastern art, was surprised the first few times he heard this question. He had taken for granted that the sculptures were damaged; his training in Egyptology encouraged visualizing how a statue would look if it were still intact.

Read the story in this link:

Why do so many Egyptian statues have broken noses?
The pattern of damage to statues’ faces has led experts to believe it was both deliberate and widespread in the ancient world.

2. How Sudan’s uprising is inspiring a generation of Sudanese American teens

By Hana Baba, March 20, 2019

Nearly two dozen people gathered for a symposium in Hayward, California about the recent protests in Sudan. Those who come to these Sudan-related events are usually adults — first-generation Sudanese immigrants to the United States. But this gathering was different as the featured speakers were Sudanese American teenagers. The uprising in Sudan has inspired a new generation of Sudanese American youth to become politically engaged with their motherland for the first time.

Read the story in this link:

3. Is There a Future For American Universities in the Middle East? Why the U.S. Model is More Important Than Ever

By Lisa Anderson, March 22, 2019

On January 10, Mike Pompeo, the U.S. Secretary of State, delivered a contentious speech at the American University in Cairo (AUC). He ridiculed former president Barack Obama’s Middle East policy, thanked Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi for his “courage” in confronting extremism, and repeated calls for a tough stance against Iran. The university’s faculty were outraged, not only by the speech but also by Pompeo’s failure to engage with students. In February, the faculty voted to declare no confidence in the university president who had invited Pompeo, Francis J. Ricciardone, himself a former U.S. ambassador to Egypt.

Read the story in this link:

The Future of American Universities in a Changing Middle East
LISA ANDERSON is James T. Shotwell Professor Emerita of International Relations at Columbia University and former president of the American University in Cairo. On January 10, Mike Pompeo, the U.S. secretary of state, delivered a contentious speech at the American University in Cairo (AUC). He …

4. DNA on ancient tobacco pipe links Maryland slave site to West Africa Enslaved woman’s broken pipe still had her DNA after two centuries in the ground.

By Michael E Ruane, March 15, 2019

One day about 200 years ago, a woman enslaved on a tobacco plantation near Annapolis tossed aside the broken stem of the clay pipe she was smoking in the slave quarters where she lived. Clay pipes were soft and fragile, and the stem bore marks where she had clenched it in her teeth as she worked. But the stem bore something else she could never have imagined: her DNA.

Read the story in this link:

DNA on ancient tobacco pipe links Maryland slave site to West Africa

5. Britain’s Abandoned Black Soldiers « Le français n’a d’avenir en Afrique que s’il reconnaît les langues locales »

Par Fatoumata Diallo 20 mars 2019

D’ici 2050, 70% des francophones vivront sur le continent africain. Le philosophe Souleymane Bachir Diagne prévient cependant que l’évolution de la francophonie ne dépends pas du facteur démographique, mais reposera sur le plurilinguisme et la bonne santé de l’éducation en Afrique.

Read the story in this link:

NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة

1. The Big Noise and Other Noises

(الهرج والمرج وأمثالهما)

Author: Christopher Kudyahakudadirwe

From the frightening Big Noise of the approaching caterpillars sent by government to build a new dam to the thundering Other Noises of the caterpillars, again sent by government to destroy their shacks, life for the average citizen has never been the same. Then the 93-year-old president, Robert Mugabe, was forced to announce his resignation, and Tonderai, one of his secret agents skips the country fearing for his life. Of course, that was after another big noise that saw armoured cars and many people filling the streets of the capital, rejoicing that the dictator had been deposed. Before that there were other noises that frightened people away from their homes, but this time the noises that frightened people were made by those who had silenced the big noise. A confusion reigned. Graduates were jobless. People fled the country to other countries to become political as well as economic refugees.

Publisher: Mwanaka Media and Publishing, Zimbabwe, 2019

2. Modernist Art in Ethiopia
(الفن الحداثي في إثيوبيا)

Author: Elizabeth Giorgis (Author), Elizabeth W. Giorgis (Author)

If modernism initially came to Africa through colonial contact, what does Ethiopia’s inimitable historical condition—its independence save for five years under Italian occupation—mean for its own modernist tradition? In Modernist Art in Ethiopia—the first book-length study of the topic—Elizabeth W. Giorgis recognizes that her home country’s supposed singularity, particularly as it pertains to its history from 1900 to the present, cannot be conceived outside the broader colonial legacy. She uses the evolution of modernist art in Ethiopia to explore the intellectual, cultural, and political histories of Ethiopia in a pan-African context.

Publisher: Ohio University Press, 2019

3. Dear President Obama: Letters from Kogelo and Beyond

(عزيزي الرئيس أوباما: رسائل من كوجيلو ومثيلاتها من المدن الكينية)

Author: Elizabeth Ochieng Onayemi

When Barrack Obama became the President of the United States of America, he captured the imagination of many Kenyans who consider him to be one of their own. In these letters, Kenyans share with the President their experiences and dreams for the future. The book begins with a letter from a child who expresses the pride that residents of Kogelo have in President Obama to whom they are all related in one way or the other. Subsequent letters are mostly from adults from varying socioeconomic groups who address a plethora of issues which affect ordinary Kenyan citizens. All of the narrative voices reflect a shared heritage with President Obama and view him as an effective channel for voicing their concerns about local issues of global significance.

Publisher: Mountain View Publishers, Kenya, 2015

4. Digitalization and The Field of African Studies

(الرقمنة في عالم الدراسات الأفريقية)

Author: Mirjam de Bruijn

Urbanization in Africa also means rapid technological change. At the turn of the 21st century, mobile telephony appeared in urban Africa. Ten years later, it covered large parts of rural Africa and – thanks to the smartphone – became the main access to the internet. This development is part of technological transformations in digitalization that are supposed to bridge the urban and the rural, thereby blurring their borders. They do so through the creation of economic opportunities, increased flow of information, and re-defining conceptions of self, belonging and citizenship. These technological transformations influence the relation within Africa via the urban and rural and also between ‘Africa’ and the World. In this lecture, Mirjam de Bruijn reflects on two decades of research collected in West and Central Africa and discusses how, for her, the field has changed.

Publisher: Basler Afrika Bibliographien, Namibia, 2019

5. To Be or Not to Be: Sudan at Crossroads: a Pan-African Perspective

(أن نكون أو لا نكون: السودان على مفترق طرق، قراءات من منظور الرابطة الأفريقية)

Author: M. Jalāl Hāshim

To Be or Not to Be is an analysis of sociological factors which explain the intricate root causes of conflicts which have ravished Sudan. This text stands in stark contrast to the dominant simplification and distortions which have come to typify presentations of the region. Central to the book is an unapologetic explanation of Arabization. Often portrayed as individual choices of religious loyalty, Arabization in fact masks an intentional power-system which viciously corrupts Afrikan identities. By highlighting the detrimental complexities of manipulation, geopolitics, identity confusion and cultural imperialism, Hashim has written an authoritative book about Sudan in presenting a comprehensive case study that all of Afrika must learn from. Rarely are we presented with such a rich insider’s perspective to an area of Afrika which once was held in the highest civilizational esteem but has since been reduced to an ideological field of Arab-led terror, massacres, and disintegration.

Publisher: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, Tanzania, 2019

6. Reel Pleasures: Cinema Audiences and Entrepreneurs in Twentieth-Century Urban Tanzania

(زبانية المتعة: جماهير السينما ورجال الأعمال في القرن العشرين في تنزانيا)

Author: Laura Fair

Reel Pleasures brings the world of African movie houses and the public they engendered to life, revealing how local fans creatively reworked global media to speak to local dreams and desires. In this publication, Laura Fair focuses on Tanzanians’ extraordinarily dynamic media cultures to demonstrate how the public and private worlds of film reception brought communities together and contributed to the construction of gender identity and urban citizenship over time.

Publisher: Ohio University Press, 2018.

7. Violence, Peace & Everyday Modes of Justice and Healing in Post-Colonial Africa

(تأملات في مسائل العنف والسلام وعوائد العدالة والتعافي في إفريقيا ما بعد الاستعمار)

Author: (Editors) Ngonidzashe Marongwe, Fidelis Peter Thomas Duri, Munyaradzi Mawere

Violence in its various proportions, genres and manifestations has had an enduring historical legacy on the world. However, scholarly work which speaks to approaches aimed at mitigating violence as a characteristic of Africa is very limited. As some have noted, Africans have experienced cycles of violence since the pre-colonial epoch, such that overt violence has become banalised on the African continent. This has generated complex results, legacies, and perennial emotional wounds that call for healing, reconciliation, justice and positive peace. Yet, in the absence of systematic and critical approaches to the study of violence on the continent, discourses on violence are unable to challenge the global matrices of violence that threaten peace and development in Africa. This volume is a contribution to addressing such urgently needed, systematic approaches. It interrogates the contentious production and resilience of violence in Africa from a multi-disciplinary approach. Ultimately, the authors call for a paradigm shift to forge and merge African customary dispute resolution and Western systems of dispute resolution towards a framework of positive peace, holistic restoration, sustainable development, and equity.

Publisher: Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon, 2019

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events,

Research Africa: February 8, 2019

Research Africa: February 8, 2019

Research Africa Demographic Survey:
The deadline for our platform’s survey has been extended in order to maximize responses. This survey will only take 5 minutes to complete and can be found here. We thank you for your time and value your feedback.

News and Issues
Emerging Economies University Rankings 2019
The Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings for 2019 have been released. This list includes only institutions in countries classified as “advanced emerging”, “secondary emerging” or “frontier”. The rankings use the same 13 performance indicators as the Times Higher Education World University Rankings to judge institutions on their teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook. They are recalibrated to reflect the development priorities of universities in emerging economies.

Read more in this link:!/page/0/length/25/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/stats

Autobiography from 1831 provides rare, firsthand account of a Muslim slave in America
By Eliott C. McLaughlin, Jan 17, 2019
He was 37 when the army of “wicked men” invaded his West African village, murdering many and absconding with others who they put on a ship for the six-week journey to Charleston, South Carolina. “There, they sold me to a small, weak and wicked man called Johnson, a complete infidel who had no fear of God at all,” scholar and slave Omar ibn Said wrote decades later in 1831, when he was in his early 60s.

Read the story in this link:

Mahmood Mamdani on Marxist intellectual Samir Amin.
By Mahmoud Mamdani, Dec 23, 2018
Samir Amin’s life resembled that of Karl Marx’s: a man without a homeland, but one whose home was a chosen commitment to a historical project.
In June 2010, Mahmood Mamdani was appointed Director of the Makerere Institute for Social Research (MISR) in Kampala, Uganda, which he since developed into what is arguably the premier center for graduate education in the social sciences and the humanities on the continent.

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Senegal’s Museum of Black Civilizations Welcomes Some Treasures Home
By Dionne Searcey and Farah Nayeri, Jan 15, 2019
The 19th-century sword rests in a glass case alongside a frail Quran in a spacious gallery where scrolls hang from the wall and soft religious chanting is piped in. The saber’s etched copper handle is shaped like a swan’s beak, with a ring at the end. The sword belonged to Omar Saidou Tall, a prominent Muslim spiritual leader in the 1800s in what is now modern-day Senegal. His quest to conquer nearby territories put him in armed conflict with France, which had its own takeover ambitions. The French colonialists eventually won and seized not just large swaths of West Africa but also the region’s treasures, including the sword. Like most artifacts from France’s African colonies, it wound up in a French museum.

Read the story in this link:

NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة

Community Resilience Under the Impact of Urbanisation and Climate Change: Cases and Experiences from Zimbabwe
‫(صمود المجتمع تحت تأثير التمدن وتغير المناخ: حالات دراسية من زيمبابوي)
Author (Editor): Innocent Chirisa, Christopher M. Mabeza

As the world today faces messy problems, what in some circles has been called global weirding, the term resilience has taken center stage. This is crunch time as we grapple with the negative effects of both climate change and urbanisation. Some commentators have compared the huge problems we face today to Oom Schalk’s proverbial leopard waiting for us in the withaak’s shade. Do we endlessly count Oom Schalk’s proverbial leopard’s spots? This is the question posed by a stellar cast of academics, researchers, and experts whose contributions in this text are a rallying cry for action to build resilience to the challenging impact of urbanisation and climate change. To that end, this volume gives hope about the potential for human agency. Our challenge, however, is to re-examine our values, to change our conservation, and return to a wiser, holistic understanding of ourselves and our place in the Universe. Perhaps then can the obituaries on our demise stay locked in the drawer.
Publisher: Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon, 2019

Unrequited Toil: A History of United States Slavery
‫(كدح بلا مقابل: تاريخ الاسترقاق في الولايات المتحدة)
Author: Calvin Schermerhorn
Unrequited Toil details how an institution that seemed to be disappearing at the end of the American Revolution rose to become the most contested and valuable economic interest in the nation by 1850. Calvin Schermerhorn charts changes in the family lives of enslaved Americans, exploring the broader processes of nation-building in the United States, growth and intensification of national and international markets, the institutionalization of chattel slavery, and the growing relevance of race in the politics and society of the republic. Schermerhorn argues that American economic development relied upon African Americans’ social reproduction while simultaneously destroying their intergenerational cultural continuity. He chronologically presents personal narratives of enslaved people and explores themes of politics, economics, labor, literature, and rebellion.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, 2018

حلمي شعراوي: سيرة مصرية أفريقية
[Helmi Sharawi: An Egyptian African Biography]
Author: Helmy Sharawi:
This voluminous book is a memoir of Helmi Sharawi who is widely known in the Arab world asmwalimu (the teacher) and the dean of African affairs in Egypt. The book narrates his rich and engaging life, spanning more than 60 years. Beginning with his rise to public service during President Nasser’s years to his role in mediating Nasser’s liberation projects in Africa, his story reflects a vision and struggle to bring Africans together. This book is a must read for any Arab who is interested in Africa and would behoove those interested in President Nasser’s vision for Africa.
Publisher: Dar Al’Ayn Lilnashr, Cairo, Egypt, 2019

The Specter of Global China Politics, Labor, and Foreign Investment in Africa
(مخاطر سياسات الصين العالمية : الأيدي العاملة والاستثمار الأجنبي في أفريقيا)
Author: Ching Kwan Lee
This book is based on Lee’s field study in Africa where she investigated Chinese investments for 7 years in copper mines and construction sites in Zambia. The book is extremely interesting for its methodology and unconventional findings. The author prompts the audience to ponder whether or not Chinese capital is a different type of capital and shares her perspective on this question. Lee establishes a clear definition of Chinese state capital in comparison to global private capital by assessing business objectives, labor practices, managerial ethos and political engagement with Zambia. The policy implications and inter-disciplinary contributions of her book have wide-reaching impact to many fields.
Publisher: University of Chicago Press, 2018.

Author: Jacqueline Gondwe
Béléko is a small village in the West African state of Mali. In the book’s twenty-five chapters we meet Dutch development workers, French missionaries, Malian public service workers, health workers, and village women and their children. All of these characters strive to give meaning to their lives in the routine of daily life of Africa at the end of the 1980s. As each character tells his or her own story, we gain insight into their backgrounds, their passions, their struggles, and how they influence each other in decisive ways.
Publisher: Luviri Press, Malawi, 2018

Kenya, Bridging Ethnic Divides: A Commissioner’s Experience on Cohesion and Integration
(‫كينيا ، ترميم الفجوة في العلاقات الاثنية: تجربة المفوضية العليا في توحيد طبقات المجتمع)
Author: Alice Wairimu Nderitu
The book shows that positive policies and intra- and inter-ethnic spaces can be used to counter negative influences that lead to fear, exclusion, and violence. The diversity of Kenya’s ethnicities and races need not be a pretext for conflict, but a source of truly national identity. It proves that dialogue on understanding differences and commonalities leads to improved relationships and understanding of societal dynamics. This in turn contributes to preventing and transforming conflicts through appropriate inclusion policies and identification of entry points for change as well as opportunities to tackle the norms and behaviors that underpin structural disparities.
Publisher: Mdahalo Bridging Divides, Kenya, 2018

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa: January 14, 2019

Research Africa: January 14, 2019

Obituary Announcement

Remembering Professor Lamin Sanneh

By CT editors January 8, 2019

We remember the late Lamin Sanneh, the world’s leading expert on Christianity and Islam in Africa and explore how a Christian convert of The Gambia became a legend at Yale Divinity School for his curiosity, joy, and deep insights.

Lamin Sanneh, the Gambian scholar who shaped contemporary discourse around global Christianity and missions in Africa, died January 6th at the age of 76.

As Sanneh wrote in his autobiography, he was “summoned from the margins,” a convert from Islam to Christianity raised in the tiny West African nation.

Over his 30-year career at Yale Divinity School and during his time at the University of London and two Pontifical Commissions, he brought World Christianity to the forefront, creating a global network of scholars and friends around his scholarship in the fields of African history, abolitionism, and Christian-Muslim relations.

Read the story in this link:

Remembering Lamin Sanneh, the World’s Leading Expert on Ch…… | News & Reporting | Christianity Today
Scholars explain how a convert “summoned from the margins” of The Gambia became a legend at Yale Divinity School for his curiosity, joy, and deep insights.

Application Announcement

AIMS Cooperative Master’s Degree Application

The cooperative version of the AIMS Structured Master’s program, offered only at AIMS Senegal, AIMS Cameroon and AIMS Rwanda, builds on the core AIMS Master’s program and leads to the AIMS degree in mathematical sciences.

The 18-month program takes a work-integrated learning approach by combining coursework with practical industry experience. This allows students to apply their scientific knowledge to real world problems while gaining work experience in an industrial environment. The program enables students to develop the necessary professional skills to transition from academic studies to progressive careers in industry (defined as private or public businesses, government, non-governmental organizations, and civil society). The Cooperative Master’s program includes two work placements of three and four months throughout the regular coursework. Successful completion of all coursework and both work placements is required for graduation.

For more information on the program, view this link:

AIMS Co-operative Master’s Degree Application

News and Issues

Digging into the Myth of Timbuktu

By Peter Coutros, October 31, 2017

Sometime around 1 o’clock in the afternoon on April 19, 1828, René Caillié emerged from the dark hull of the slave ship that he had boarded weeks before. Eager to disembark and escape the “prison” that he had uncomfortably shared with bundles of rice, millet, cotton, honey, vegetable butter, and fellow travelers, Caillié mounted the first available canoe and glided toward shore.

By the next afternoon, after making his way through the dusty Sahelian streets of the port city and traveling north, he became the first European to see West Africa’s Timbuktu and live to recount his tale.

Read the story in this link:

Digging Into the Myth of Timbuktu

Get to Know Sarah Diouf, The Astute Creative Behind Tongoro Studio & Ifren Media Group

By Isoken Ogiemwonyi, December 28, 2017

Sarah Diouf is a fashion industry veteran, helming two publications and creative director of her own label Tongoro. Her point of view is one that very few on the continent, and indeed overseas, share; it’s easy to see her communications background in the clarity and strength of the branding of her label Tongoro. Her well thought-out, precise methods quickly strikes a chord within the woman Sarah is trying to dress.

Read the story in this link:

Get to Know Sarah Diouf, The Astute Creative Behind Tongoro Studio & Ifren Media Group

The Trouble With Ethiopia’s Ethnic Federalism

By Mahmood Mamdani , January 3, 2019

Abiy Ahmed, the 42-year-old prime minister of Ethiopia, has dazzled Africa with a volley of political reforms since his appointment in April. Mr. Abiy ended the 20-year border war with Eritrea, released political prisoners, removed bans on dissident groups and allowed their members to return from exile, declared press freedom and granted diverse political groups the freedom to mobilize and organize.

Mr. Abiy has been celebrated as a reformer, but his transformative politics have come up against ethnic federalism enshrined in Ethiopia’s Constitution. The resulting clash threatens to exacerbate competitive ethnic politics further and push the country toward an interethnic conflict.

Read the story in this link:

Skyscrapers, trains and roads: How Addis Ababa came to look like a Chinese city

By Jenni Marsh, September 3, 2018

When Wang Yijun put Ethiopia’s most expensive real estate project on the market, he experienced a strange phenomenon. People preferred the lowest floors over those with panoramic city views. “Power cuts mean elevators in this city often don’t work,” explains Wang, the site manager. “So the bottom-floor flats became the most valuable. You won’t see this pricing in any Chinese city.” Replicating China’s urban model in Africa has its challenges, but with limited developable space in Addis Ababa — the capital is surrounded by protected farmland — Wang believes high-rise living, such as Tsehay Real Estate’s $60 million Poli Lotus development, is inevitable.

Read the story in this link:

NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة

Pio Gama Pinto Kenya’s Unsung Martyr, 1927 – 1965

[‫بيو كاما بنتو: شهيد كينيا المجهول: 1927 – 1965]

Author (Editor): Shiraz Durrani

Pio Gama Pinto was born in Kenya on March 31, 1927 and was assassinated in Nairobi on February 24, 1965. In his short life, he became a symbol of anti-colonial and anti-imperialist struggles in Kenya and India. He was actively involved in Goa’s struggle against Portuguese colonialism and in Mau Mau during Kenya’s war of independence. For this, he was detained by the British colonial authorities in Kenya from 1954-1959. His contribution to the struggle for liberation for working people spanned Africa and Asia and covered two phases of imperialism: colonialism in Kenya and Goa and neo-colonialism in Kenya after independence. His enemies saw no way of stopping the intense, lifelong struggle he waged except through assassination. His contribution, ideas, and ideals are remembered and upheld even today by those active in liberation struggles.

Publisher: Vita Books, Kenya, 2018

Christianity and Catastrophe in South Sudan Civil War, Migration, and the Rise of Dinka Anglicanism

[‫المسيحية ونكبة الحرب الأهلية بجنوب السودان، الهجرة، وصعود الأنكليكانية بين قبائل الدينكا]

Author: Jesse A. Zink

Zink’s book is an outstanding account of the growth and evolution of Anglican Christianity among the Dinka people in what is now South Sudan. Zink traces the origins of the Anglican mission to the Dinka people, explains its early weakness, and documents its transformation after the expulsion of foreign missionaries in 1964 Sudan. As Dinka Christians took their faith back to their rural heartland and as the church’s leaders began to tolerate the informal authority of prophetic figures, Anglicanism itself began to change. Zink’s extraordinary account describes multiple conversions – the conversion of Dinka people to Anglican religion and their conversion of Anglican religion into the cultural forms that support the faith. This book surveys the practices of one of the fastest-growing churches in the region.

Publisher: Baylor University Press, 2018

Shaykh Ahmadou Bamba: A Peacemaker for Our Time

[‫الشيخ أحمدو بامبا: صانع السلام في عصرنا]

Author: Michelle R. Kimball

This book recounts the life and legacy of Shaykh Ahmadou Bamba (d. 1927). His adventures begin in the villages of Senegal in West Africa before he is thrust into the dense, treacherous, dark jungles of the French Congo and the pristine Sahara Desert in Mauritania. The French, who had control of much of West Africa, encountered Bamba in the summer of 1895. Bamba seemed to know what was going to happen to him; the night before his arrest, he gathered his disciples together. The majority fervently pronounced that they were willing to launch a violent resistance and die rather than allow the French to take Shaykh Ahmadou Bamba away. Bamba’s reacted by stating that in a war, there are never any victors. Thirty-three years of exile, imprisonment, and house arrest only fortified his spirit, as affirmed by his moving, ubiquitous poetic expressions. His writings are seen as living texts that make them forever relevant. Kimball’s presentation of colonial resistance and non-violent social change is compelling and timely. It is a book of universal import with a message of truth, peace, and the power of nonviolence.

Publisher: The Other Press Sdn. Bhd, 2018.

A Gender Perspective of Municipal Solid Waste Generation and Management in the City of Bamenda, Cameroon

[‫وجهة نظر الرجال و النساء لعملية توليد وإدارة النفايات الصلبة في بلدية مدينة باميندا في الكاميرون]

Author: Akum Hedwig Kien

The management of urban waste constitutes one of the major environmental challenges facing African cities in general and in particular, Cameroon. Unprecedented population growth and changes in consumption patterns and lifestyles have led to increased waste generation. Municipal solid waste management efforts lag behind the growing rate of waste generation with attendant environmental and public health risks. The gender dynamics and politics at the pools of waste generation largely influence the outcome of waste management strategies and policies. This book highlights the gender dimension of municipal solid waste generation and management in the city of Bamenda. The findings revealed and proposals made from the study will hopefully be employed by municipal authorities in Cameroon and beyond to enhance waste management efforts.

Publisher: Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon, 2018.

Kingdom, State and Civil Society in Africa: Conceptual and Political Collisions

[‫المماليك والدول والمجتمع المدني في أفريقيا: مراجعات سياسية ونظرية]

Author: Nelson Kasfir

Civil society is one of several Western political and social concepts that has not flourished in Africa. Revived in response to the search for democracy in Eastern Europe during the late Soviet era, Western donors promoted and funded new civil society organizations in sub-Saharan Africa, viewing them as an essential grounding for African democratization. Most of these new civil society organizations had little in common with African associational activity. Focusing on the characteristics and behavior of longstanding African organizations appears a better starting point for developing a useful concept of an African civil society. One candidate worth serious investigation is the Buganda Kingdom Government; this organization violates most distinctions central to Western notions of civil society, yet it continues to behave like a civil society organization. Its political and conceptual collisions offer guidance toward a useful notion of African civil society and understanding Ugandan politics.

Publisher: Basler Afrika Bibliographien, Switzerland, 2017

Plantation Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate: A Historical and Comparative Study

[‫مزارع الاسترقاق في سوكوتو الخلافة: دراسة تاريخية مقارنة]

Author: Mohammed Bashir Salau

A large-scale study of plantation slavery in West Africa with a focus on the nineteenth-century Sokoto caliphate, this book draws on diverse sources including oral testimony, Arabic material, and extant scholarly works about the caliphal state. Plantation Slavery in the Sokoto Caliphate offers new views on various fundamental issues including the definition of blackness in the Sokoto caliphate, the meaning of the term “plantation,” the significance of plantation slavery in the caliphal state, and the role of slavery in the context of African states.

Publication: University of Rochester Press, 2018

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa: December 31st, 2018

Research Africa: December 31st, 2018

The Research Africa Team thanks its subscribers for its contributions in 2018 and wishes all a happy and healthy new year.

Open Applications

UN Economic Commissions for Africa Fellowship

ECA is accepting applications for qualified young African Professionals to the “ECA Fellowships for Young African Professionals” programme. Candidates applying for Fellowship position must be below 30 years of age when entering the programme and must have a Masters degree or related advanced degree. Candidates currently enrolled in a Ph.D programme or with an admission are also welcome to apply.The programme aims to provide practical, on-site experience to young professionals as they prepare either for a career in research, international development, or the public sector. It will also familiarize fellows with the Commission’s broad programmes and services for member States and sub-regional bodies in addressing the social dimensions of Africa’s development.

For more details, use this link:

News and Issues

The silences in academia about capitalism in Africa

By Jörg Wiegratz, Dec 13th, 2018

African Studies has a significant problem to engage collectively, explicitly, and critically with the thing that is ever more a point of discussion around the world: capitalism, more specifically with capitalism as a social phenomenon, topic and concept. There is a significant shortage at the heart of the African Studies community in Western Europe, and arguably across the entire Global North, of an explicit, focused, sustained, large-scale collective exploration, about the many, multifaceted features of contemporary capitalism on the continent, and about characteristics of African societies as capitalist societies.

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Senegal Museum Traces Millions of Years of African History

By Nicolas Haque, Dec 25th, 2018

A new museum has opened in Senegal, tracing millions of years of African history. The Museum of Black Civilizations is provoking calls for the return of African artifacts taken away by former colonial slave traders.

Watch the video in this link:

New Books ‫كتب جديدة

Anchored in Place: Rethinking the University and Development in South Africa

[‫راسخةكالوتد: إعادةالنظرفيمسألةالجامعةوالتنميةفيجنوبأفريقيا]

Author (Editor): Leslie Bank, Nico Cloete, François van Schalkwyk

This volume is the first work in South Africa to seriously engage with the place-based developmental role of universities. In international literature and policy there has been an increasing integration of the university with place-based development, especially in cities. This volume weighs in on the phenomenon by drawing attention to the place-based roles and agency of South African universities in their local towns and cities. But what should that role be? Is there evidence that this is already occurring in South Africa, despite the lack of a national policy framework? What plans and programmes are in place, and what is needed to expand the development agency of universities at the local level? Who and what might be involved? Where should the focus lie, and who might benefit most? This book poses some of these questions as it considers the experiences of a number of South African universities, including Wits, Pretoria, Nelson Mandela University and Fort Hare.

Publisher: African Minds Publishers, South Africa, 2018

To Swim with Crocodiles: Land, Violence, and Belonging in South Africa, 1800-1996

‫مسابحة التماسيح: تأملات في قضايا الأرض والعنف والانتماء الثقافي في جنوب أفريقيا،]


Author:Jill Kelly

Jill Kelly’s book is a history of ukukhonza, a practice of affiliation that bound together chiefs and subjects to enable security in the Table Mountain region of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. Kelly argues ukukhonza can be used as a “lens” to explore the history of the relationship between chief, subject, and land. By examining that history in the longue durée of the last two centuries, Kelly reveals the origins and evolution of violence and conflict that saw its peak during the civil war within the KwaZulu Bantustan during the waning years of apartheid in the 1980s. By connecting these issues with the larger evolution of apartheid and traditional ruler-ship in the country, Kelly solidifies KwaZulu-Natal as a relevant and critical region to our understanding of the history of South Africa.

Publisher:Michigan State University Press, 2018

The Education of Children Entangled in Khat trade in Ethiopia: The Case of Two Khat Market Centers

[‫ترشيد الأطفال المتورطين في تجارة القات في إثيوبيا: حالة دراسية لسوقين من أسواق القات]

Author: Girma Negash

In Ethiopia, khat cultivation is expanding aggressively in recent years. Regions that were formerly known for coffee production have become major khat producing areas. In equal proportion, the habit of khat chewing is expanding at an alarming rate among different social groups irrespective of gender, age, religion and ethnicity. Khat has also become one of the leading export commodities and foreign currency earners for the country. Correspondingly, the khat marketing system has evolved tremendously all along the value chain and has become a means of livelihood for many people. School-age children, as young as 8 years, are involved in khat trading and marketing activities. Based on empirical data collected from two khat marketing centers, Aweday and Wondo Genet, this monograph explores the impact of children’s involvement in khat trading activities on their schooling. The study also investigates the major causes for an engagement of young people in khat marketing activities and probes the nature and magnitude of other possible adverse effects, such as developing the habit of khat chewing.

Publisher: Forum for Social Studies, Ethiopia

A Cradle of the Revolution: Voices from Inyathi School Matabeleland, Zimbabwe 1914-1980

[‫مهدالثورات: أصواتمنمدرسةأنياتيفيماتابيليلندفيزيمبابوي، 1914-1980]

Author (Editor): Pathisa Nyathi, Marieke Clarke

A Cradle of the Revolution is a compelling collection of stories by former Inyathi School students in the period before Zimbabwean independence. The stories render moving accounts of evictions in the colonial period, conditions at Inyathi school, and in particular the leadership qualities of Kenneth Maltus Smith, who was the school head. After leaving Inyathi school, many of the students participated in the struggle for independence. The book is an expose of the colonial conditions and efforts to dislodge colonialists and usher in independence and dignity for the black majority.

Publisher: AmaGugu Publishers, Zimbabwe

Chinese and African Entrepreneurs Social Impacts of Interpersonal Encounters

[‫رجالالأعمالالصينيينوالأفريقيين: دراسةلواقعالتأثيرالاجتماعي فيالعلاقاتالشخصية]

Author (Editors): Karsten Giese and Laurence Marfaing

This book offers in-depth accounts of encounters between Chinese and African social and economic actors that have been increasing rapidly since the early 2000s. With a clear focus on social changes, be it quotidian behavior or specific practices, the authors employ multi-disciplinary approaches in analyzing the various impacts that the intensifying interaction between Chinese and Africans in their roles as ethnic and cultural others, entrepreneurial migrants, traders, and employers. Further, the author analysis the effects these relationships have on local developments and transformations within the host societies, be they on the African continent or in China. The dynamics of social change addressed in case studies cover processes of social mobility through migration, adaptation of business practices, changing social norms, consumption patterns, labor relations and mutual perceptions, cultural brokerage, exclusion and inclusion, gendered experiences, and powerful imaginations of China. Contributors are Karsten Giese, Guive Khan Mohammad, Katy Lam, Ben Lampert, Kelly Si Miao Liang, Laurence Marfaing, Gordon Mathews, Giles Mohan, Amy Niang, Yoon Jung Park, Alena Thiel, Naima Topkiran.

Publisher: Brill Publications, 2018.

Gender and Fundamentalisms


Author: Fatou Sow

When, why and how can religion and culture be both sources and places of expression for fundamentalism? Those are central questions raised throughout this book, asked particularly in the political context. What is at stake here is religion when it underpins culture and becomes a political tool to access moral and social power. Cultural and religious messages and their interpretations often underlie decisions, laws and programs made by politics. They have direct effect on society, in general, and on women and gender relations in particular. The various forms of fundamentalism in some African countries, the contexts of their emergence and the ways they (re)shape identities and relationships between men and women are also analyzed in this book. These fundamentalisms are sources of persistent concerns in social debates, in feminist and feminine organizations as well as in academia and politics. The manipulations of cultures and religions are progressively political and consequently cause social discriminations, or physical, moral and symbolic violence.

Publisher: CODESRIA, Dakar, 2018

Bird-Monk Seding

[‫طيور الرهبة في منطقة سيدينغ]

Author: Lesego Rampolokeng

Lesego Rampolokeng’s third novel Bird-Monk Seding was shortlisted for the prestigious Sunday Times Barry Ronge Fiction Prize in 2018. This place is called Seding, short for Leseding, place of light. Bird-Monk Seding is a stark picture of life in a rural township two decades into South Africa’s democracy. Listening and observing in the streets and taverns, Bavino Sekete is thrown back to his own violent childhood in Soweto. To get through, he turns to his pantheon of jazz innovators and radical writers.

Publication: Deep South, South Africa

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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.

Research Africa: December 8th, 2018

Call for Applications: The Yale Young African Scholars Program (YYAS) 2019
The Yale Young African Scholars Program is designed for African secondary school students who wish to pursue tertiary education and make meaningful impact as young leaders on the continent. The application is currently open for interested students. Please note there is no cost to apply for or participate in YYAS.
Deadline: February 6, 2019 at 11:59pm EST
Visit this link for more information:
News and Issues
Is living in African cities expensive?
By Shohei Nakamura, Rawaa Harati, Somik V. Lall, Yuri M. Dikhanov, Nada Hamadeh, William Vigil Oliver, Sep 27, 2018
Although several studies have examined why overall price levels are higher in richer countries, little is known about whether there is a similar relationship at the urban and city level across countries. This paper compares the price levels of cities in Sub-Saharan Africa with those of other regions by analyzing price information and official purchasing power parities. This paper seeks to readjust the approach to calculated price levels from national to urban levels, using known price-level ratios between those areas. The results indicate that African cities are relatively more expensive, despite having lower income levels.
Read the story in this link:
Museum of Black Civilisations aims to ‘decolonise knowledge’
By Amandla Thomas-Johnson, Dec 5, 2018
In April 1966, Senegal’s first president and a poet, Leopold Sedar Senghor ascended the steps of the National Assembly in Dakar to declare his country the temporary capital of Black Civilisation at the launch of the World Festival of Black Arts.In the following weeks, African luminaries such as Nelson Mandela and writer Wole Soyinka would converge on the Senegalese capital, as would others from the wider African diaspora: Jazz great Duke Ellington, the Martiniquan poet Aime Cesaire, Barbadian novelist George Lamming and American writers Langston Hughes and Amiri Baraka. Now, plans for a large museum to open in Dakar have begun, 52 years after Senegal’s first president presented a post-colonial cultural vision for the country.
Read the story in this link:–BKZg3Gc-XRUgVo5eF5rPzzymqKICXgDfVE3Mu513RPUI
Rwanda: A Poster Child for Development with a Dark Side
By Gabriele Steinhauser, Nov 6, 2018
Seen from the concrete blocks marking the graves of some 250,000 victims of the 1994 genocide, the glistening skyline in the capital of this East African nation is the most obvious sign of the grand experiment taking place here. A quarter century after the mass slaughter of as much as 15% of its population, Rwanda has been hailed as a homegrown model of African development and its iron-fisted president, Paul Kagame, is a favorite at international business conferences such as the World Economic Forum.
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For South Sudan, It’s Not So Easy to Declare Independence from Arabic
By Laura Kasinof, Nov 14, 2018
When South Sudan declared independence in 2011, breaking away from Republic of Sudan to become the world’s newest country, all facets of state-building had to be finalized: ratifying a new constitution, printing money, and distributing passports. Among these tasks was the issue of language. South Sudan is a diverse country with a population of around 13 million with some 60 languages spoken by the dozens of ethnic groups present. The majority of South Sudanese also speak what is known as Juba Arabic, a dialect far removed from standardized Arabic and named for the South Sudanese capital. But Arabic was also the language of the Sudanese government in Khartoum, which the South Sudanese viewed as their longtime colonizer.
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For South Sudan, It’s Not So Easy to Declare Independence From Arabic
A New Report on the Status of African Objects in French Museums will Urge the President to Return Works Taken “Without Consent” in the Colonial Period
By Vincent Noce, Nov 20, 2018
A report commissioned by French President Emmanuel Macron will recommend the full restitution by French museums of works in their collections which were taken “without consent” from former African colonies.The French historian Bénédicte Savoy and the Senegalese economist and writer Felwine Sarr presented their 108-page study to President Macron Friday, 23 November. In their paper, they argue that the complete transfer of property back to Africa, not the long-term loan of objects to African museums, should be the general rule for works taken in the colonial period unless it can be proven that these objects were acquired “legitimately.”
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Mandinka Ajami and Arabic Manuscripts of Casamance, Senegal
By Jody Butterworth, Nov 14, 2018
This blog is written by Eleni Castro, OpenBU & ETD Program Librarian at Boston University as well as Project Technical Lead for EAP1042. This October, a poster entitled, “Digital Preservation of Mandinka Ajami Materials of Senegal” was presented at FORCE2018. This is an annual conference in Montreal, Canada centered on making research and scholarship more broadly and openly available. This poster provided a project overview and update on the work being done for EAP 1042 – an international research collaboration between Boston University, the West African Research Center, and local experts in Senegal. The project involves visiting manuscript owners in the Casamance region of Senegal to work with them to digitally preserve and increase access to manuscripts written in Arabic and Mandinka Ajami (Mandinka using Arabic script) from their personal libraries.
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NEW BOOKS ‫كتب جديدة
The Anglophone Literary-linguistic Continuum: English and Indigenous Languages in African Literary Discourse
‫أزمةاللغوياتفيالأدبالأنكلفوني: دراسيةلحالةاللغةالانجليزيةمقابل اللغاتالمحلية]
Author: Michael Andindilile
This book interrogates Obi Wali’s (1963) prophecy that continued use of former colonial languages in the production of African literature could only lead to ‘sterility’, as African literature can only be written in indigenous African languages. In doing so, Andindilile critically examines selected novels of Achebe of Nigeria, Ngũgĩ of Kenya, Gordimer of South Africa and Farah of Somalia. He shows that when we pay close attention to what these authors represent about their African societies and the way they integrate African languages, values, beliefs and cultures, we discover what constitutes the Anglophone African literary–linguistic continuum. This continuum can be defined as variations in the literary usage of English in African literary discourse, with the language serving as the base to which writers add variations inspired by indigenous languages, beliefs, cultures, or nation-specific experiences.
Publisher: NISC (Pty) Ltd, South Africa, 2018
Ruling Nature, Controlling People: Nature Conservation, Development and War in North-Eastern Namibia since the 1920s
[‫تعمير الطبيعةوالسيطرةعلىالناس: مسائلحولالحفاظعلىالطبيعةوالتنميةوالحربفيشمالشرقناميبيامنذ 1920]
Author: Luregn Lenggenhager
Recent nature conservation initiatives in Southern Africa such as communal conservancies and peace parks are often embedded in narratives of economic development and ecological research. They are also increasingly marked by militarization and violence. In Ruling Nature, Controlling People, Luregn Lenggenhager shows that these features were also characteristic of South African rule over the Caprivi Strip region in North-Eastern Namibia, especially in the fields of forestry, fisheries, and ultimately wildlife conservation. In the process, the increasingly internationalized war in the region from the late 1960s until Namibia’s independence in 1990 became intricately interlinked with contemporary nature conservation, ecology and economic development projects.By retracing such interdependencies, Lenggenhager provides a novel perspective from which to examine the history of a region which has until now barely entered the focus of historical research. He thereby highlights the enduring relevance of the supposedly peripheral Caprivi and its military, scientific, and environmental histories in an effort to develop a deeper understanding of the ways in which apartheid South Africa exerted state power.
Publisher: Basler Afrika Bibliographien, Namibia, 2018
Coming of Age: An Introduction to Somali Metrics
[‫عتبةالنضوج: مقدمةفيأوزانالشعرالصومالي]
Author: Farah Gamute
In this well researched study, Farah Gamuute reveals the various uses of the metrical unit in Somali poetry and how the metrical unit, music and the language interact with one another. 64 genres of poetry or measures were identified and fully analyzed in this text. Still, the variations in genres is being explored and researched. In fact, three new genres of Somali poetry have been identified while awaiting the publication of this volume.
Publisher: Ponte Invisible (Redsea Cultural Foundation), Somaliland, 2018
African Countries and the Global Scramble for China
Author: Ngonlardje Kabra Mbaidjol
In this book on Africa-China relations, Ngonlardje Kabra Mbaidjol engages in the heated debate on African cooperation with China, an increasingly rich and powerful partner in the continent. The current dominant view highlights the neo-colonial and exploitative nature of these relations with a denial of any positive results from Chinese influence for African people. However, the China-Africa partnership dates back to the 1955 Bandung Conference and has become an overt competition between China and other nations over African resources. For many, “a new scramble for Africa” emerges, yet the author argues there is rather a “global scramble for China.” Africa may wish to avoid being distracted by rival voices, but developing a strategy to – the competition may serve the interests of African people. Mbaidjol’s book unpacks Africa’s preparedness and strategy to face global competition.
Publisher: Brill Publications, 2018

Belt and Road Initiative: Alternative Development Path for Africa
[‫مبادرةالحزاموالطريقالصينية: خياراتالتنميةالبديلةلأفريقيا]
Author: Thokozani Simelane and Lavhelesani R. Managa
China’s emphasis on infrastructure development has received support from African leaders; the Memorandum of Understanding between China and the African Union formalized on January 27, 2015 endorsed China’s focus on infrastructure in Africa. The agreement outlines plans for connecting African countries through transportation projects including modern highways, airports, and high speed railways. At the heart of the “Belt and Road Initiative” lies the creation of an economic land belt that includes countries on the original Silk Road through Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Additionally, the agreement includes designs for a maritime “road” that links China’s port facilities with the African coast, pushing up through the Suez Canal into the Mediterranean. From the outset, China has emphasized the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, citing five principles essential for its development: mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, non-aggression, non-interference in internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence. This volume provides an analysis of this stance by both African and Chinese scholars.
Publisher: Africa Institute of South Africa, South Africa, 2018
None Like Us: Blackness, Belonging, Aesthetic Life
[‫لاشيءمثلنا: السواد،والانتماءالثقافيوالجماليات]
Author: Stephen Best
It passes for an unassailable truth that the slave past provides an explanatory prism for understanding the black political present. In None Like Us, Stephen Best reappraises what he calls “melancholy historicism,” a kind of crime scene investigation in which the forensic imagination is directed toward the recovery of a “we” at the point of “our” violent origin. Best argues that there is and can be no “we” following from such a time and place, that black identity is constituted in and through negation. This stance is inspired by David Walker’s prayer that “none like us may ever live again until time shall be no more.” Best draws out the connections between a sense of impossible black sociality and strains of negativity that have operated under the sign of queer. In None Like Us, the art of El Anatsui and Mark Bradford with the literature of Toni Morrison and Gwendolyn Brooks evidence an apocalyptic aesthetic, or self-eclipse, which opens the circuits between past and present, thus charting a queer future for black study.
Publisher: Duke University Press, 2018.
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Research Africa ( welcomes submissions of books, events, funding opportunities, and more to be included in the next edition.