Calculating with Brownian Motion

Let \(W_t\) be a standard brownian motion. Fixing an integer \(n\) and a terminal time \(T >0\), let \(\{t_i\}_{i=1}^n\) be a partition of the interval \([0,T]\) with

\[0=t_0 < t_1< \cdots< t_{n-1} < t_n=T\]

Calculate the following two expressions:

  1. \[ \mathbf{E} \Big(\sum_{k=1}^n W_{t_k} \big[ W_{t_{k}} – W_{t_{k-1}} \big] \Big)\]
    Hint: you might want to do the second part of the problem first and then return to this question and write
    \[W_{t_k} \big[ W_{t_{k}} – W_{t_{k-1}} \big]= W_{t_{k-1}} \big[ W_{t_{k}} – W_{t_{k-1}} \big]+ \big[W_{t_{k}} -W_{t_{k-1}}\big]\big[ W_{t_{k}} – W_{t_{k-1}}\big]\]
  2. \[ \mathbf{E} \Big(\sum_{k=1}^n W_{t_{k-1}} \big[ W_{t_{k}} – W_{t_{k-1}} \big] \Big)\]

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