Grading countries on their policy efforts can influence their behavior. Duke Sanford Professor Judith Kelley writes about this phenomenon in a recent Brookings blog entitled “Scorecard diplomacy: How grades drive behavior in international relations.”

Scorecard Diplomacy is also the title of Kelley’s new book in which she approaches how grading helped encourage countries to make improvements to their human trafficking laws. Kelley shows evidence that countries have taken concrete steps to improve their tier ranking on the United State Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons report from 2001 to 2014.

Her research on this issue is increasingly important as human trafficking has risen to become a prevalent international issue and part of US foreign policy legislation. Congress is currently considering the “Frederick Douglass Trafficking Victims Prevention and Protection Reauthorization Act of 2017,” also known as H.R. 2200. Kelley hopes that her research and policy insight will help congressional members and staff as they move forward with this legislation.

You can learn more about her new book and order a copy here.

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Kelley discusses the content of her latest research with Kelly Brownell, Dean of the Sanford School, on Sanford’s Policy 360 podcast below.