Why the Dropout Rate is Rising for USA College Students

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Since the 1970’s, the college completion rate in the United States has consistently seen a decline. This has become a growing concern especially as the 16-24 year old age bracket has been affected the most.

A considerable more amount of high school students have been entering college since the 1980’s. While this can be viewed as a positive change, unfortunately the number of graduating students has not increased. Compared to the 1970’s, there has been a 5% decrease in a 25 year olds likeliness of obtaining a bachelor’s degree. This data was found through a study performed by professors Michael Lovenheim, John Bound, and Sarah Turner.

Why the college dropout rates have increased is because of numerous reasons. Those along with the repercussions on the economy and steps to resolve it are outlined ahead.

Increase in College Tuition

FundingU, a student loan lending company, surveyed their customers and found that more than half were forced to drop out of college due to lack of funding. Approximately 79% of the surveyed students claimed they would have to delay their graduation due to financial constraints. 55% said they had issues finding enough to pay for college.

The average cost of tuition during the 2017-2018 school year was $34,740 at private institutions. Public colleges averaged at $9,970 and $25,620 for out-of-state residents. After mortgage debt in the United States, student loan debt is the second largest debt category. It amounts to approximately $1.48 trillion across 44 million borrowers.

It’s clear that the rising cost of tuition is out of reach for many students. This is causing financial situations that result in prolonging graduation or not reaching it at all. These are loans that most likely won’t be paid back for a decade. Understanding this, some young adults may not even be considering a college education knowing the financial repercussions.

However, cert IV training and assessment online has seen an incline in interest, especially in Australia. Many students have chosen to pursue a digital education in light of the rising prices for conventional brick and mortar institutions.

Forced to Work Longer Hours

To meet the rising costs of college, students are forced to work longer hours to be able to afford tuition. An increase in hours of employment means less time is available to study and attend classes. This can easily have an affect on students ability to graduate or the time it will take them to reach it.

As well, having less time to complete labs or extensive assignments such as an expository essay can decrease grades. Together these factors can increase stress or anxiety levels. This potentially further adds to why those enrolled may consider dropping out.

How it Affects the Economy

It’s common knowledge that the level of education someone reaches can raise their income level. This is because they are able to specialize in specific fields and acquire in-demand occupations. Without higher education, it can be more difficult to find these high paying jobs.

So, if less students are graduating from college, there will be a decrease in higher earning and specialized employees. According to the American Institutes for Research, $4.5 billion in earnings and tax revenue was lost in 2010 because of the college dropout rate. This was the result of 1.1 million students entering college to receive a bachelor’s degree and 500,000 not graduating.

The lost tax revenue and earnings could have helped develop institutions, communities, and similar infrastructure. Also, less educated individuals may struggle to find employment and will have to rely on government assistance. This only further worsens the problem.

What’s Being Done About it

This is not an issue that has gone unnoticed. Certain states are beginning to reallocate their resources in an attempt to raise graduation rates. Specifically, an increase in expenditures for student services has had positive affects on such rates.

In 2011, Vice President Joe Biden spoke on this topic, sayingRight now we’ve got an education system that works like a funnel when we need it to work like a pipeline… We have to make the same commitment to getting folks across the graduation stage that we did to getting them into the register’s office. The dreams and skills of our college graduates will pave the way to a bright economic future for our nation “.

Since then, the federal government has begun developing college completion tool kits. These are strategies that governors and states can implement to help raise higher education rates. Financial incentives are one of the many propositions. Others include:

  • Allow high school students to more easily gain college credits.
  • Improve high school preparation for college.
  • Restructure curriculum and grading to aid students in graduating on time.

While the college dropout rate in the United States is a definite problem, it not unfix-able. Lowering tuition rates, preparing high school students more and reallocating resources are crucial areas to target. More action is being taken than ever before to help students graduate. With this momentum, it’s fair to assume that the United States could see a decrease in college dropouts in further years.

Turning an affinity for communication into a career

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For millions of students a year, university is their primary focus, their way of working toward a bigger goal. The sole aim of going to university or college is to come out of the experience with a degree. Not only that, but important skills that have been obtained over the duration of studying for said degree. Students everywhere are taught that their future financial stability depends on their ability to hone and utilise specified skills when it is most needed. There tends to be an emphasis on the importance of learning specific skills in the name of having a flourishing, successful career. As students focus on these specific skill sets, the more ‘general’ skills like confidence and communication go unnoticed and underutilised. While it is a certainty that these skills are more aligned with everyday skill sets, they are still incredibly important. In fact, communication is one of the most fundamental skills that any person can have these days. In practically every aspect of life, every potential career path, communication is ingrained into it in some way or another. While students study a vast array of courses and topics, they ultimately become communicators in a sense.

Regardless of what a student’s chosen degree or major is, being able to articulate thoughts and progressively have them play an integral part in the college or university experience ultimately allows students to take those thought processes and years of practice into the real world once they finish their degree and move on from the campus. Even the most introverted students come out of their shells and engage while learning the fundamentals that will form the basis of their future careers – they have to. To ignore those around you as a student is to plead ignorance, and that simply will not do. Professors and future employers prefer to have students and staff in their midst that want to go better, that reach for more, and go out of their way to squeeze every last drop out of the university or college experience.

Communication is the lifeblood of the university or college experience; those that go out of their way to speak to their educators, fellow students, and potential employers while they are still in the stage of learning on campus, set themselves up for heightened successes ahead of the game. Going out of one’s way to communicate with those around them while part of a university or college campus makes students feel more connected, giving them more of a complete sense of belonging and confidence in an otherwise alien environment.

Some students take their keen sense for communication further by going on to study a communication-driven degree, such as marketing, authorities, IT, or even HR management. For students that opt to invest in and study a HR management course, they go on to become the primary key instigators in their chosen company’s talent management system. Additionally, HR students tend to go on to become the face of a company’s people sector…taking care of the individuals that make up the company’s employee body. The transition from the student in need of guidance to the career-driven individual that offers guidance is one that is increasingly becoming a popular career choice, as students revel in the opportunity to prove their abilities and their compassion for others by communicating honestly and openly.

When prospective employers are asked what the biggest deciding factor is when they hire (or do not hire) someone, they nearly always come back with something along the general lines of communication skills. It is simply not enough anymore to have the necessary, specific skills required for a particular job. To be taken seriously, prospective employees must be able to communicate honestly and openly, as communication is vital in any career, but especially in the initial stages of that career. Employers want individuals that can speak of their passions, as well as demonstrate them. The ability and willingness to do every part of the job – and do it well – is what sets potential job-getters apart from the masses. It has never been more important for students to learn these communication skills before they successfully earn their degree, never more invaluable to understand the advantages and the drawbacks of life, in every sense of the word. To thrive in this modern-day society, people must be able to communicate as well as do.

Annually, there are millions of students that go through the motions of the university or college experience, learning skills and undergoing tests along the way on their path to their future. Securing any student’s future is not only about the specified skillset their degree and their university or college teach them, but about the skills that they learn for themselves along the way. University has a distinct way of bringing students out of their shell through in-class learning methods, as well as the environment itself. As students make the transition from being seasoned learners, comfortable in their environment, to fresh prospective employees of their chosen field, their communication skills become their best friend, allowing them to navigate this newest stage of life with as much ease and velocity as possible.

 

The pressure of university causing a global panic

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For individuals that opt to go to university or college, they make the decision knowing that the path to graduation will not come without its mountains to climb. Year after year, students are given assignments to write, practicals to complete, and exams to study for. The issue is not so much with the work itself – anyone that goes into university as a student expects it to be hard work…after all, that is the point. The stresses come with students having to work to survive and still having to cope the sheer number of hours they must invest in their education to sometimes even make passing grades. It is quite rare that a university student only has their studies to commit time to. Most students work – some of them even working full time hours or positions – while simultaneously balancing their studies, spending time with their families, seeing their friends, and having time to themselves. University is a constant balancing act, and it is not at all uncommon for some students to struggle trying to stay afloat as their responsibilities whir around them like an immense whirlpool of stress, anxiety, and overwhelming responsibility. With finals week being arguably the most anxiety-inducing time for any university student, universities everywhere are coming up with inventive ways to ease the stresses on students around the most important time in the semester.

University finals tend to be one of the most frenzied times of a student’s year, and they are definitely the most chaotic times of the university calendar year. There is nearly always a build-up to several assignments and multiple exams all being due in the one week, and the truth is that students are simply not built (in most cases) to deal with so much, all at once. While universities impress upon their students that they should be giving their studies 110% all the time, they seem to forget the reality that is most university and college student’s lives. Most students work nearly full time hours while attending university, with some even having shifts in the morning, class in afternoon (or vice versa) and having to put in study time outside of campus as well. Top this with the basic human need to have quality time with loved ones as well as treasured time alone, and students can barely keep up with the expectations placed upon them.

While there are various causes of anxiety and stress among students, there are a few that stand out as primary causes. Overinvested parents and students being solely focusing on achieving the desired grades are a potentially lethal combination. As students invest too little or even too much time on maintaining and excelling at their students, their parents can sometimes be too invested in their futures, causing the weight of the world to feel more like an entire galaxy upon the student’s shoulders. It can be argued – as can anything – that stresses and issues can only impact students as much or as little as they allow them to, but when the pressure is constant and the stress is unyielding, students are placed in the impossible circumstances of needing to measure up while trying not to fall down.

There are many contributing traits that have the potential to build up and throw a student off.

Personal and family pressures creep into a student’s psyche and turn even the most confident of students into anxiety-driven individuals that can barely keep themselves afloat in the sea of assessments, examinations, and overall academic performance (among all the other moving pieces of their life). Universities themselves can be less than supportive at times, which makes students feel alone in their higher education experience. While the stresses pile up, there are now thankfully multiple tools and outlets now available to students that can help ease the anxiety that they experience on the daily while on campus. Students can invest in the help of a trusted tutor to bump their knowledge and skill set up. Students have access to online portals that are their saving graces, offering various kinds of academic essay writing service that can take the pressure off the student’s shoulders when it matters the most. Support groups and online forums are now available for students to connect with others that are experiencing the same or similar struggles to themselves.

The mental health of students should always be the first priority but unfortunately for some, their schools lack adequate (if even existent) assistance for students – as well staff – struggling with mental health issues during their time as members of the educational institutions. As more campuses invest in stress relieving assistances like puppy playgrounds and free sausage sizzles to boost student morale during examination hot spots throughout the year, students are being given little boosts to help keep them afloat. For students that are struggling on a more serious level to deal with their studies, there are now mental health assistance programs and spaces that can be of crucial support when individuals need it most.

While university is often referred to as one of the most exciting times of a student’s life. While this could not be more true, it is also one of the most anxious, stress-driven periods of a student’s life. Year after year, students are weighed down by the pressures that university puts on them, and yet the ones that can cope persevere despite the crushing accountability of all that lays before them. Mental health support is crucial on university and college campuses, now more than ever. As it is becoming increasingly apparent that students find it difficult to cope, there is comfort in knowing that universities and colleges are coming up with new and inventive ways to offer support to their students when they need it most. More importantly, more and more universities and colleges are now offering mental health assistance year-round. It is a pivotal turning point in the global epidemic that is mental health struggle, and it could not come at a more crucial time.

Technology and its assistance in climate change related natural disasters

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In recent years, the world has experienced a record number of back-to-back natural disasters. In the U.S. over 110 large fires burned throughout the country last summer alone, with California facing its deadliest heat wave ever. One study found that the area affected by forest fires in the West has more than doubled over the past 30 years, with Washington state having experienced the most damaging fire in state history in 2015. Hurricane Harvey and Irma brought devastation to Texas, the Caribbean and Florida last year, wreaking widespread havoc and earning Harvey earning the reputation of the costliest disaster in U.S. history. Southeast Asia suffered catastrophic flooding in 2017, killing 1200 people, displacing tens of thousands and causing more than $3.5 billion in total losses. Then there was the recent earthquake and tsunami in Japan that contributed to losses of over $354 billion in today’s dollars, the extreme heatwave of Europe and California’s severe drought of 2017. According to global insurance firm Swiss Re, economic loss in 2017 were estimated at $306 billion – almost double 2016’s loss and also much higher than the 10-year-average of $190 billion.

And the verdict is in. Scientific studies are beginning to reveal that climate change is exacerbating the naturally-occurring risks we already face as inhabitants of planet Earth. Extreme event attribution is one of the most rapidly expanding fields of climate science, with one major conclusion being drawn by those studying it: extreme weather events are here to stay.

So how do we prepare for what lies ahead? The answer is one that, ironically, is perhaps responsible for getting us to where we are today. Technology.

Technology can help solve inefficiencies within humanitarian responses to natural disasters. Next gen technology such as robotics and AI can help improve the efficiency and productivity (in terms of cost savings) to emergency responses, as well as allow humanitarian organizations to share data in order to better collaborate with other organizations. Through technologies that enable electronic payments, people in need of fast and secure cash relief can be helped quicker than ever before. But perhaps aiding the coordination and communication effort following a disaster is where we see technology have the most impact. Be it for relief workers on the ground, families seeking loved ones, authorities wishing to locate the missing or hospitals trying to treat the injured, traditional communication channels are often overloaded or broken down and unable to be used during times of crisis. ‘Crisis maps’ is one example of a Google-owned product that works to aid emergency communications and disaster response, using open-source software with information provided live by locals to develop maps of the crisis and publish real time information regarding the impact. Through this platform, messages and texts submitted by those trapped under rubble are able to be heard, enabling quick and efficient response by rescue teams. In the U.S., there are countless apps geared towards survival and rescue during an emergency. The official FEMA app is one example, which allows users to stay updated with weather-related alerts from the U.S. National Weather Service as well as upload and share disaster photos to support the emergency response effort. In a more generalized way, social media can also help save lives and reconnect separated families in the wake of a natural disaster – as well as enable communities to hold agencies to account by spreading awareness of abuse or poor conditions in refugee camps.  

Early warning systems and capabilities via mobile technology can also allow people to prepare for oncoming disasters. For example, had Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia utilized early action systems they could have avoided as many as 100,000 deaths during the most recent famine, more than half of which were children, one Oxfam and Save The Children study found.

Technology can also facilitate the development of materials and products that prevent damage inflicted by natural disasters. Bushfire shutters, for example, are designed to withstand extreme heat, preventing windows from shattering and causing curtains or furniture to catch aflame. This significantly reduces the risk of houses of being burnt down during a bushfire, which can potentially save lives. Better yet, the technology of today can converge architectural, engineering and geo-spatial data to put into place better town planning, enabling builders, architects and government to prioritize restoration efforts in the wake of a natural disaster – as well as better plan towns to prevent further damage by natural disasters.

Technology can also help us mitigate climate change through innovations such as renewable energy, in order to reduce the risk climate change poses in terms of natural disasters. Finding and harnessing alternative energy sources are key to reducing our dependency on fossil fuels and in turn, reduce our greenhouse gas emissions. Through tech innovation we will see the complete transformation of the automation industry into one that uses resources more efficiently to reduce waste, pollution, energy usage and use of raw materials. Technology can also allow for large scale growth of lab-developed meats, lessening our dependence on livestock farming which contributes significantly to global warming and uses valuable amounts of land and water.

We simply need to harness all the incredible opportunities technology presents us in order to better cope with the inevitable increase of climate change-related natural disasters we will experience in our lifetime.

Technology growing in the workplace requires appropriate guidelines for employee usage and responsibilities

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Workplace environments are vastly shifting the way professionals communicate with others. As technology becomes an integral portion of workplace, employees, bosses, and coworkers are all affected by this changing communication. Workers must learn and keep up with digital communication to make sure they are updated on company announcements and concerns. The workforce used to heavily rely on vocal communication as a means of dissenting information, but now businesses continually seek new ways to maximize communication efficiency.

Although sending an email may be easier for some than just making an office announcement, there’s no set rules for responding to emails. This is pertinent to all types of businesses, from restaurant management to property management. Many communication errors could be eliminated if professionals would make an avid effort to make sure they are reading all emails as this is an important step in understanding new ways of communicating in work environments. Too many times excuses have come up with an employee ‘not reading the email.’ To avoid that communication issue, it would be beneficial for companies to assemble a technology guidelines and expectations book or manual that allows employees to understand what is expected of them when utilizing technology in the workplace. In said manual, the company or organization could provide rules for replying to emails in an efficient and timely manner and provide guidelines for always reading company emails.

A technology manual will also help workers understand how they are to utilize technology within the workplace. A large issue with having personal laptops and mobile devices in the work environment is that they can provide a large distraction to individuals and their coworkers. It’s easy to open a phone to check a text message and then opening various other apps to check social media or scores of games. Having technology at consumer fingertips fosters a society of desiring continuous and constant updates on everything. People feel as if they need to know exactly what is going on all the time because the fear of missing out would mean possible societal and/or social isolation due to feeling left out over a national or global phenomena that happens via the internet. Having the internet readily available for employees at all times can disrupt productivity if company computers and laptops aren’t being used effectively.

With the implementation of heavy amounts of technology and devices powering offices and professional work environments, it’s become crucial to have an IT employee or team on-site as much as possible. If the technology fails, the work will be impossible to complete until it is fixed. Asking managers and employees to call a help center instead of having a live person working IT can be difficult in regards to communication. Conversing via telephone with others on how to fix a technical issue doesn’t always provide the same results as actually employing IT personnel to come resolve issues. It’s important for companies to maintain awareness of internet issues an stay well prepared in the event the wifi would fail or another form of internet access stops working. Having a backup plan incase technology would fail can be a highly beneficial tactic.

As digital communication becomes a main form of interaction between workers, it’s important for companies to implement standards regarding expectations for digital communication. Some industry professionals have concerns over the future of face-to-face communication. Workers must now learn the professional business standard of having company conversations as well as learn how to maintain a strong sense of responsibility for having a positive digital presence through email communication. Some things can be difficult to express and explain via email, so having effective communication skills is vital to the success in any job.

Technology growing in the workplace is inevitable. The solutions for technology disruption isn’t necessarily to remove it, but to provide guidelines and rules for employees using it. Companies and businesses will have to learn how to implement new standards for new ways of working. Being flexible with growing industries is crucial to economic growth as complacency can be dangerous to the stagnation and fall of a company. As profitable revenue is the goal of most companies, this can only be generated if workers are effectively doing their jobs and communicating. Many errors made can be reduced if workers are effectively communicating with each other.

It would be effective companies add a communication portion to their employee orientation. A communication section should include a thorough guideline for business communication expectations. Along with face-to-face professionalism standards, the company should also include their rules for utilizing technology in the workplace and expectations for digital communication responsibilities. After explaining the rules of expected behavior, then companies should give examples in employee orientation about the right and wrong ways to perform these communication behaviors. If they take the time to explain what is irresponsible behavior when utilizing technology or what is appropriate conversational behaviors, they will reduce the amount of future communication discrepancies and disruptions. The last thing to be explain is the repercussions and consequences for employees failing to follow company guidelines. To implement these tactics into an employee orientation with help teach new employees therefore, it is important that a manager employs an outstanding trainer to teach and train them. As technology grows, the rules and guidelines for professional usage will continue to grow with it.

History’s most famous maritime wreck given the ultimate tribute

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There is a world of maritime evolutions, including fishing vessels, cargo ships, tug boats, and cruise ships. While there have been many great maritime vessels that have come and gone, the evolution of the cruise ship is the most famous, most vastly enjoyable of them all. Titanic is undoubtedly the most famous cruise ship to have ever anchored down and let passengers board at its docks, but the countless reasons why are all tainted by the ship’s sad history and its untimely end. The most famous maritime disaster in history, the sinking of the “unsinkable” ship sent shockwaves barrelling through the planet. Highly publicised at the time, when Titanic set sail from the dock at Southampton, the media and the public around the world and in New York (where the ship would presumably dock at the end of its maiden voyage) the planet was buzzing with the grandeur, the excitement of it all.

Titanic made a name for itself when it was originally built and then set sail on its maiden voyage on April 10, 1912, as the most beautiful, grand ship that was ever built. It again made headlines when an iceberg crashed into its side in the early hours of April 15, 1912, just five days into its journey from Southampton to New York. The icy collision caused the cruise liner to sink and kill more than 1,500 passengers. One of the most haunting shipwrecks in history (and the most globally famous), the icy resting place of Titanic and its deceased passengers and crew seemed to be a thing of the past, a shadow of a horrific accident that turned the world on its head. The mere idea of building a life-sized replica of the famed Titanic is, to some, a monumental effort. Not only would any replica ship be enormous in size and grandeur, but it would invite countless criticisms from those that believe that to attempt to build such a ship would be not only difficult, but ill-received.

Now, former Australian billionaire Clive Palmer and his company Blue Star Line are set to introduce a 21st-century replica of the infamous ship, calling it simply Titanic 2. The name may seem unoriginal, but when the ship has been constructed as an ode to the original Titanic ship, the very name itself is a tribute to the demise of the cruise liner and its maiden voyage passengers on that fateful morning. The original launch date was set for 2016, but with various delays the ocean liner is now due to set sail in 2019 for its maiden voyage. While the initial journey was set to follow the exact path of the original Titanic, it has since been changed to take route from Jiangsu in Eastern China to Dubai (tickets and prices have not yet been released). Titanic 2 is set to hold capacity for 2,4000 passengers and is almost an exact replica, being only slightly larger in width and carrying adequate life boats and other life-saving equipment in case of emergency. It sounds astounding because it is, but it is not entirely unique in its decision to pay tribute to Titanic. Blue Star Line are not the only ones that have made the move to replicate the famed cruise liner. China is currently building a life-sized replica of Titanic, named Romandisea Titanic,  that will remain permanently docked on the Qi River in Southwest China. For those that want to experience the allure and grandeur of Titanic but have an aversion to going on the water to do so, this is the perfect way to see what the original ship was like before it was struck by the fatal iceberg.

As if the chance to board a ship built from the ground up to be an almost exact replica of Titanic was not enough, there is another way for people to experience the ship for themselves. Rather than sailing across the ocean in a ship that looks exactly like the infamous cruise liner, people can now experience the Titanic in a much more intimate, profound way. Underwater. Groups of nine at a time can travel to a depth of 4,000 metres in a carbon fibre and titanium submersible to explore the ocean liner’s deck and grand staircase. Lasting eight days, the expedition leaves from Newfoundland (the country is surrounded by gigantic icebergs at its shores…a seemingly appropriate if not slightly dark setting) and includes up to three days of dives, lasting three hours each. Divers can experience the ship in its afterlife, seeing the monumental debris field that resulted from the ship’s sinking on the ocean floor of the Atlantic. For a cool $75,000-$100,000 per diver, individuals can pay to go on expeditions with companies like Blue Marble Private to dive the wreck of Titanic, experiencing the oceanic graveyard of the poor souls that lost their lives on the “unsinkable” ship.

The maritime disaster cast an overwhelming gloom over the world as the loss of more than a thousand lives drove home. Titanic was given new life with the infamous movie adaptation starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet, the countless documentaries and television programmes, and books. And just as the dust was settling, it has been given new, more tangible life in the form of two life-sized replica ships and expeditions to explore the haunting shipwreck in the Atlantic. Titanic remains the most famous maritime wreck in history and now it is being brought to life again in a more tangible way than ever, giving people opportunities to experience the cruise liner wreck under the surface, or through replicas on the surface. The heart of the ocean, Titanic has gained new life.

The Mysterious Origins of the Scotch Egg

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Back in 1738, Piccadilly was scattered with coaching inns, and served as a starting point for landowners travelling to their country estates. To meet the ever-increasing demand of portable snacks, Fortnum & Mason – a London departmental store, came up with a new delicacy for its most affluent customers: a hard-boiled egg wrapped in sausage meat, coated with bread crumbs and deep-fried. Lo and behold, the Scotch eggs appeared on the menu for the very first time!

A competing origin story also argues that Scotch eggs are heavily inspired by a Mughlai dish called nargisi kofta, egg was wrapped  that was discovered by the British soldiers during their time in India. Here, the egg was wrapped in lamb mince, fried, and served covered in a yogurt based, brown gravy. After returning  to England, the soldiers introduced the beloved recipe to their cuisine. In the 19th century, Scotch Eggs were put on the plate alongside hot gravy, according to the printed recipes in domestic bibles by Margaret Dods, Maria Rundell and Mrs Beeton.

Another contrary tale suggests that the recipe for the traditional Scotch egg is deeply rooted in the coastal town of Whitby in Yorkshire. Believed to be invented by the establishment William J Scott & Sons, the eggs were originally were covered first in a thick, creamy fish paste (instead of the sausage meat), and then with breadcrumbs. The fish was later replaced by sausage meat once the the concept of Scotch eggs became more commercialized and became available in big food shops. You can still treat yourself to the original delicacy of the fish-covered Scotch eggs on the East Yorkshire coast.

Some evidence also points towards North African recipes that were transported to England through France. The dish was also enjoyed during the Elizabethan times, where it was injected various spices and cloves for a more palatable taste.

Today, they’re usually served with a variety of dipping sauces like mustard or ranch dressing, and have many regional and local variations. While Manchester uses pickled eggs wrapped in pork meat and Lancashire black pudding, Worcester wraps their eggs in white pudding and local sausage meat. A lot of British-style eateries and pubs in  United Kingdom offer Scotch eggs stuffed with shredded bacon and mayonnaise.  From Texas to Maryland, Scotch eggs are served on a stick in various Renaissance Festivals and State Fairs.

In Jakarta, they’re paired with fresh seafood, bok choy and a veal broth, with the egg wrapped in seasoned minced meat. Hungary serves theirs cold with salad or hot with mashed potatoes. The Dutch and Belgians have their own version – jaskółcze gniazda, where egg-stuffed roulade is commonly accompanied with horseradish cream sauce. In Italy, they’re called polpettone, and consist of a meatloaf with egg filling.

Commonly available in supermarkets, motorway service stations and corner shops, Scotch eggs work best as easy appetizers. Sourced from chickens, quails, and even ostriches – the eggs have a slightly runny yolk on cutting, or a hard-boiled one.

A well-made Scotch egg is a crisp, golden orb of wonder, that is conveniently hand-sized, and a culinary treat that should be on your bucket-list!