4. Gene-Environment Interactions

The intersection of Malaria-pesticides-parasites is a classic illustration of the field of gene-environment interactions.

Please read the material in the sub-menus here, and read (and watch) the follow:

1. Short movie (view the third on this web page, but the other two are also relevant):


2. How Malaria Has Affected the Human Genome and What Human
Genetics Can Teach Us about Malaria:   Kwiatkowski-1

3. For reference, this is an excellent summary of all human health effects of DDT exposure: Eskenazi et al

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