Causal Reasoning

Counterfactual Simulation: I’m currently investigating how viewers use counterfactual simulation (contemplating alternative outcomes) to make causal judgements. In an ongoing project with philosophers and cognitive neuroscientists, I’m using gaze-based signatures of counterfactual simulation to gauge how viewers’ attention, perception, and normative understandings impact causal judgements.


Mind Wandering

Prospective Memory: I’m investigating the relationship between mind wandering (e.g., zoning out), prospective memory (remembering to perform a future task), and moral agency (making judgements based on notions of right and wrong). I’m using behavioral and EEG measures to assess the impact of mind wandering on prospective memory and how others make moral judgements regarding an agent’s prospective memory errors committed during mind wandering.

Education: In a multi-year, multi-site collaboration with computer scientists, psychologists, and high school teachers, I’m studying mind wandering in attention-aware cyberlearning technologies. Students complete an artificial intelligence tutor module while we record their interactions with the system and track their eye movements. We then use these measures to detect mind wandering in real-time and dynamically adjust the learning module to reengage attention when it lapses. You can learn more about this project here.

Gaze Control: Mind wandering is an attentional state marked by reduced cortical processing of visual information. I study eye movements associated with mind wandering to better understand how visual information is prioritized when attention is turned inward.


Visual Perception

As a former graduate student in the Visual Cognition Lab at the University of Notre Dame and a former lab manager in the OPTI Lab at Duke University, I have studied visual perception, attention, and action to better understand how the visual system and sensiomotor abilities coordinate to optimize actions and maintain attentional focus on task goals.