Tag Archives: Mental Health

Week ending Feb 2, 2018

Scientists seek to raise efficiency of molecular data storage
Brown Daily Herald – 1/31/18
A group of Brown University engineers and chemists, led by principal investigators Assistant Professor of Chemistry Brenda Rubenstein ’07 and Assistant Professor of Engineering Jacob Rosenstein ’05, has received a $4.1 million award to analyze new ways to store data using synthetic molecules. The research team has already used 25 unique synthetic molecules to encode and retrieve an 81-bit image and plans to scale up its project with the grant.  By using mass spectrometry, Ugi reactions and liquid mechanic robotics, the team aims to make molecular data storage an efficient reality. “The primary advantage (of molecular storage) is that molecules are much denser — you can store them in a 3D volume,” Rubenstein said. “There’s much more information you can store in a much smaller volume.” Rosenstein said that he appreciates the interdisciplinary nature of the project. “This is really an interesting project because it combines computing, data and information and chemistry. … It’s using chemistry to do the information processing.” Read More

A tale of two studies: ASU researchers uncover mechanisms of lizard tail regeneration
ASU Now – 1/30/18
With the hope that someday scientists will advance regenerative therapy in humans, an interdisciplinary team of researchers from Arizona State University and two other institutions has discovered important new clues in exactly how lizards regenerate their tails. The findings appear in a pair of studies published in a Jan. 15 special issue of the journal “Developmental Biology” that focused on regeneration. “Satellite cells are a unique stem cell population that allows humans to grow and repair muscle tissue,” said senior author Jeanne Wilson-Rawls, associate professor with ASU School of Life Sciences. “Mammals, including mice and humans, have muscles that contain these cells. After an injury, these satellite cells can repair the remaining muscle, but they cannot replace lost muscle in humans, unlike in lizards.” Read More

The university of the future will be interdisciplinary
The Guardian – 1/24/18
Traditional departmental structures in the UK are preventing research and education from evolving. Zahir Irani, dean of management and law at the University of Bradford School of Management argues that it is time for something new in this op-ed. “Structures and labels are important for bringing order to confusion, providing a sense of direction and purpose. But they can lose their value as the world changes around them. In a world where interdisciplinary research is of growing importance, dividing universities by academic departments creates barriers not benefits.”  Read More

Newborns or survivors? The unexpected matter found in hostile black hole winds
Northwestern Now – 1/30/18
The existence of large numbers of molecules in winds powered by supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies has puzzled astronomers since they were discovered more than a decade ago. Molecules trace the coldest parts of space, and black holes are the most energetic phenomena in the universe, so finding molecules in black hole winds was like discovering ice in a furnace. Astronomers questioned how anything could survive the heat of the energetic outflows, but a new theory from researchers in Northwestern University’s Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Exploration in Astrophysics (CIERA) predicts that these molecules are not survivors at all, but brand-new molecules, born in the winds with unique properties that enable them to adapt to and thrive in the hostile environment. Read More

UMass Amherst research aims to improve health care for those with mental illness
EurekAlert! – 1/29/18
Diagnostic errors are very common in medicine and often come from failures of “clinical reasoning,” some of which may be related to a medical professional’s emotions, says social psychologist Linda Isbell at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Such errors are especially prevalent when treating vulnerable and stigmatized groups such as people with mental health disorders, who disproportionately use emergency services and may evoke negative emotions.  Isbell has received a five-year, $1.71 million grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to study the influence of emotions on medical decision-making and diagnosis among emergency medicine staff. With this grant, Isbell hopes to develop and test cognitive interventions that may improve diagnostic reasoning and reduce errors, which will lead to improved physical health care for those who suffer from mental illness. She will lead an interdisciplinary team of researchers and practitioners from social and clinical psychology, nursing, emergency medicine, and education. Read More