A Leadership Program for Duke Students with A Global Mindset

Author: Shun Sakai

Journal Entry #3

According to my TKI-conflict profile, one of the methods of conflict handling I do not use often is collaborating. Collaborating, as defined by TKI, is working to understand our differences and seeing them as opportunities for joint gain, learning, and problem-solving. I feel that I do not use this mode as frequently as others because I often like to solve problems by addressing issues at the core rather than focusing too much on emotions or feelings. In order to solve a conflict at hand, at times, I think it is necessary to accept a mistake or wrong (whether that be myself or the other individual) and find a way to avoid such conflicts in the future. This approach to conflict resolution most likely makes it difficult to attribute conflict to our differences because to me, it seems like the conflict is not being solved.


Although I approach conflict resolution in this way, I do feel like at times seeking a more collaborative mode of conflict resolution, particularly in intercultural settings may be important. Sometimes it is difficult to understand that what may seem like common sense to me is not to someone else. This can be particularly apparent when our backgrounds begin to cross different cultures and traditions. Especially in such situations, where two individuals may have acted according to their culture, no one is at fault, and a problem-solving approach to conflict resolution may not work.


In such intercultural settings, I hope to first take a step back and think about how differences in the background may have resulted in conflict rather than immediately trying to think about a solution. As I look to develop my global competence and understanding, I think this will be extremely important to me, especially in different environments. I know that if I add collaboration to my conflict resolution toolbelt, I will better be able to understand those around me and work with them in times of conflict.


Journal Entry #2

An aspect of my social identity that is particularly meaningful to me is my Japanese heritage. Although I grew up in the United States, I hold a strong connection to the country of my birth, Japan. However, I didn’t always feel as close as I do today. Prior to middle school, I felt close to no connection to Japan. Whenever given Japanese textbooks to study, I always wondered, “why do I have to do this extra work when everyone here speaks English?” Yet as I grew older, I started to gain more interest in my heritage. I started participating in summer camps in Japan, building relationships with students my age. Even in the United States, I started viewing Japanese television programs and listening to Japanese music. I soon was very connected with my Japanese background and took a gap year to explore my roots further.


My Japanese heritage is particularly important to me because I believe it defines who I am. Although I grew up in the United States, I was raised in a household where the values of Japanese culture were the norm. I feel that as a result, much of the decisions I make are viewed through the unique lens of being bicultural and both Japanese and American. However, I do find myself leaning towards one side of the spectrum (either Japanese or American) depending on the cultural context I am in. When taking my gap year in Japan, I definitely found myself wanting to be “more Japanese” to integrate into the culture before being unique. Since I have come back to the US, I find myself looking to be much more American. Even though this may seem like I do not stick to my identity, I feel like being bicultural is a balance. I want to adapt to my environments to not only make them more comfortable for me but for others that interact with me as well. Being bicultural is not always easy, but I think I have learned to embrace this identity, and feel that it is a unique part of who I am.

Journal Entry #1

Culture to me is the environment and values that shape your experiences and how you perceive the world. Within such a context, I would define my culture as the intersection of my Japanese family and heritage with my American education and environment. Growing up in the United States as a Japanese individual, I often found myself comparing the values of both countries. At home, I was in Japan. I spoke Japanese with my family, ate Japanese food, celebrated Japanese holidays, and was taught Japanese values. Outside of my home, however, I was surrounded by the United States; I went to an American public school, received an American education, and listened to American music. What makes me believe that culture isn’t defined by a single country’s values or ideals is that even within this context, I never felt like I could only be defined by one country. One part of me embodied the Japanese language and values, learning and absorbing stories and advice from my grandparents in Japan, while another embodied the American language and values, learning and absorbing from experiences at school and from friends.


My biggest intercultural experience came when I took a gap year to live in Japan. Although Japanese culture was something that was not foreign to me, it was a completely different experience living in an environment where everyone’s culture seemed so similar. Everywhere I went, people spoke Japanese and embodied the values of respecting your elders and always thinking about others before yourself. If I did anything that didn’t match Japanese values of respect, I stuck out and was seen in a negative way, as if I didn’t understand. I also looked Japanese and spoke Japanese, so there was no way for others to know that I had spent my entire life in the United States. At the beginning of the year, this often led me to feel like I had to fit in. I found myself trying to blend in with the crowd, whether it be learning more traditional Japanese values and how to properly interact in society or wearing trending Japanese clothing and hairstyles. I tried not to speak English and strayed away from my bicultural identity. As the year went on, however, I started to encounter moments where people valued my bicultural background rather than seeing me as different. Friends I met in Japan found my background interesting, and wanted to learn more. Members of organizations and companies wanted to support me because they felt my unique background would lead me to have valuable opinions in discussions.


Through my experience in Japan, I learned the value of my bicultural identity. I am now more open to embracing the duality of my identity and the culture that I come from. I also am more interested in how the cultures of different individuals influence how they perceive the world. Especially for those that grew up in multicultural environments, I am intrigued as to whether they feel connected to a specific culture or define their culture as the intersection of those different environments.

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