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Tag Archives: Initial Public Offerings
by Ignacio Hidalgo Perea
In this paper, I explore the impact Private Equity ownership has on portfolio companies post-exit. This thesis aims to add to the discussion of whether the proliferation of Private Equity in the United States is a positive development for the country. Using a proprietary dataset that compiles thousands of IPOs between the years 2000 and 2016, I look at whether there are significant differences in performance between IPOs that come from Private Equity firms and those that go public on their own. Specifically, I use empirical analysis with robust regression to estimate the effects of Private Equity ownership on four key measures of financial success: MCAP growth, Revenue Growth, EBITDA Margin, and EV / EBITDA multiple. By looking at the changes in these measures of performance across three different time windows: 3 years post-IPO, 6 years post-IPO, and 9 years post-IPO, this paper determines how Private Equity ownership affects company performance post-exit and whether those effects persist over time.
Grace Kim, Faculty Advisor
JEL Codes: G23, G24
By Sjing Liang
Starting from the early 90s, the number of Chinese firms going public overseas has been increasing rapidly. By running a probit regression, this paper investigates the different factors that affect a Chinese firm’s choice of listing location, either a domestic or a foreign stock exchange. Our data consists of 286 foreign listed companies and 788 domestically listed ones that went public between 2005 and the first quarter of 2011. Our results reveal that, larger firms, in terms of their pre-IPO revenue values, are more likely to go public overseas. In addition, firms in high-tech and capital-intensive industries, namely technology, financials, and real estate, are better represented in overseas markets. We also find that stock markets with lower underpricing levels are more attractive to Chinese firms, who tend to avoid capital markets with high underpricing levels as they do not want to be undervalued at their IPOs.
Advisor: Alon Brav, Edward Tower | JEL Codes: G10, G15 | Tagged:
Taming the Dragon: The Modernization of the Chinese Equity Markets and its Effects on IPO Underpricing
By William Benesh
The extreme underpricing of Chinese Initial Public Offerings in the early days of the Chinese equity markets was reduced by several reforms instituted by the Chinese government from around 2000 to 2002. These reforms reduced 1-day returns on IPOs from 295% to 72%. The reforms reduced IPO underpricing by decreasing the inequality between IPO supply and demand. These reforms, while announced between 2000 and 2002, likely took until around 2004 to take full effect. In addition to inequality between supply and demand, other factors such as information asymmetry and government/quality signaling contributed to underpricing both before and after the reforms.
JEL Codes: G14, G15, G28, G30 | Tagged: