Month: October 2020

Junior Faculty Research Seminar Series-02

Shixin XU, Assistant Professor of Mathematics is scheduled to give a seminar to introduce his idea for a grant proposal in November (see below). Please email fx28@duke.edu if you want to get the Zoom link.

Presentation date& time: Nov. 20 9am-10am Beijing time / Nov. 19 8pm – 9pm EST via Zoom
• 9:00 -9:30 presentation
• 9:30-10:00 Q&A

A research concept

Title: A Tridomain Model for Optic Nerve Microcirculation

Flows of water and various organic and inorganic molecules in the central nervous system are important in a wide range of biological and medical processes, as has recently become apparent (Nedergaard and Goldman 2020). However, the exact mechanisms that drive these flows are often not known. Here we investigate the forces and flows in a tridomain model of the central nervous system. We use the experimental system of the optic nerve, investigated by the Harvard group (Orkand, Nicholls, and Kuffler 1966) as a protype of the central nervous system in general. We construct a model and choose its parameters to fit the experimental data in detail. Our model is three dimensional and is meant to include significant anatomical detail in a general way. In this way, the model can be adapted to describe other systems with other structures, channels and transporters.

Junior Faculty Research Seminar Series-01

Dr. Qian Long, Assistant professor of Global Health is scheduled to give a seminar to introduce her idea for a grant proposal in October (see below). Please email fx28@duke.edu if you want to get the Zoom link.

Presentation date& time: Oct 23 9am-10am Beijing time / October 22 9pm – 10m EST via Zoom
• 9:00 -9:30 presentation
• 9:30-10:00 Q&A

A research concept

Title: The impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on tuberculosis treatment among rural-to-urban migrants in China and Vietnam

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top ten global causes of death leading to 1.4 million deaths in 2018. In the era of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the World Health Organization (WHO) End TB strategy laid out milestones and targets that include by 2030 90% reduction in the number of TB deaths and 80% reduction in TB incidence compared with 2015, and no TB-affected families facing catastrophic payment for TB. The COVID-19 pandemic globally has devastated effects on TB responses. A modelling analysis in TB high-burden countries suggested an additional 6.3 million cases of TB and an additional 1.4 million TB deaths between 2020 and 2025.

TB is a disease of poverty disproportionately afflicting more socio-economically vulnerable people, like rural-to-urban migrants who also have the least access to health services. We propose a study concept to assess the impact of COVID-19 on the access to, utilization and outcome of TB treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic and post-pandemic periods in China and Vietnam, with a focus on the intersectionality analysis of gender and rural-to-urban migrant status and other social determinants in order to develop evidence-based policy recommendations for strengthening TB response in the era of COVID-19 pandemic and improving health and gender equality in TB. This study will consist of scoping review in relation to the impact of COVID-19 on TB responses in TB high burden countries, questionnaire surveys with TB patients and qualitative interviews with key stakeholders. We anticipate impacts via shared good practices and lessons learned from cross-country collaborations.

2020 Social Science Mini-Retreat

We cordially invite you to attend an Online, Social Sciences Retreat, with a view to making connections and developing possible research collaborations with other JV Universities from October 30th to October 31st.Below is the brief schedule for the event. For more details, please see event schedule.

Please email fx28@duke.edu to get Zoom links.

 

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