Fracture Mechanics

(A) Two orthogonal planes were drawn along the femoral neck (from axial and coronal perspectives). (B) The femoral neck axis was defined as the intersection of these orthogonal planes. (C) The 3D bone model was translated and rotated such that the femoral neck axis was parallel with the z-axis and centered about the origin.

(A) The mean (± standard deviation) mMOI was 18% lower in adults with diabetes as compared to those without diabetes after adjusting for age and BMI using a multivariate linear regression (*p = 0.02). (B) No significant differences between the mean (± standard deviation) minimum moment of inertia (mMOI) in contralateral versus fractured hips were observed via a paired t-test (p = 0.78). There were also no differences observed between the mean mMOIs in fractured versus non-fractured hips within the group of individuals with diabetes after adjusting for age and BMI via a multivariate linear regression (p = 0.29).