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“If a post-Kyoto climate agreement fails to act on avoiding tropical deforestation, the achievement of overall climate change goals will become virtually impossible. The lives and livelihoods of millions of people will be put at risk, and the eventual economic cost of combating climate change will be far higher than it needs to be.” 


President of Guyana

November, 2008 (1)

REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) is a mechanism, first proposed by the United Nations in 2007 that seeks to provide financing from developed countries to developing countries across the world’s tropical regions, in exchange for verified avoidance of forest degradation. Though it was created as a strategy to offset global greenhouse gas emissions, the mechanism promises numerous tangential benefits, as well. In conserving tropical forests, REDD+ not only aims to guarantee the persistence of some of the world’s most important carbon sinks, but in so doing also provides many other important ecological and social benefits, called co-benefits in REDD+ parlance. Though REDD+ is primarily an effort to control mankind’s contribution to climate change, it has proven to be an opportunity to stanch the rapid loss of biodiversity in the world’s tropical countries, sustain provision of key ecosystem services, and to provide other social and economic benefits for local communities.

Paramount to understanding REDD+ projects is the knowledge that the mechanism itself remains nascent; several years after its conception at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bali in 2007, the slow progress in negotiating a new international agreement on climate change has created little demand for REDD+ structure in terms of project design or function, beyond the requirement that projects enhance carbon sequestration through either avoided deforestation or degradation. REDD+ is still considered by the United Nations to be in the first of three planned phases: (1) capacity building; (2) national strategy building; and (3) finally fully measured, reported, and verified, results-based REDD+ projects. Therefore, the architecture for each REDD+ project around the world varies, with few strict qualifications that serve as hallmarks of the mechanism.

Figure: Stats of REDD+ Projects Worldwide
REDD projects Source: (4)
Figure: Distribution of REDD+ Projects Worldwide
redd map Source: (4)


Links to some REDD+ Projects:
Oddar Meanchey REDD+ Cambodia:

Rimba Raya REDD+ Biodiversity Reserve Project, Indonesia:

Kasigau Corridor REDD+ Forestry, Kenya: