To develop a bottom-up framework for characterizing possible futures of China’s electricity demand at a high temporal and spatial resolution that considers the uncertainties about demand-side technologies and policies.

China is in a rapid progress of industrialization, urbanization and electrification, driving its electric power demand growing at an alarming rate. The roaring growth of electricity consumption highlights the tremendous challenges this country faces developing a strategy for a power sector that can meet its electricity needs sustainably and reliably.

Given that the reliability of the electric power system depends on a perfect balance of demand and supply at different time scales, a sine qua non for the robust planning of capacity to generate, transmit and distribute electrical power is a rigorous characterization of future electricity demand and its temporal load shape.