Measurements of Resilience

Resilience is a multi-dimensional concept that includes physiological, physical, emotional, and psychological axes, among others. The Physical Measures Core contributes to research in measurement aimed at characterizing the emerging construct of resilience as it pertains to physical health in aging and across the lifespan.
Multiple instruments have been developed to measure aspects of resilience in aging.
Margaret Resnick, PhD, and colleagues at the University of Maryland School of Nursing at Baltimore developed the Physical Resilience Scale as an instrument to measure physical versus general psycho-social resilience. The Physical Resilience Scale includes 15 binary questions which gauge a respondent’s attitude following a health stressor event, e.g. a fracture or stroke, or a flare-up of a chronic illness. Items include statements such as “I was determined to recover” and “I accepted the new challenges.” One point is assigned for each Yes response, and the score equals the sum of Yes responses. A higher score indicates greater resilience. The average age of participants in their study was 84.03 years (SD = 9.59). The researchers found a correlation between scores on the Physical Resilience Scale and 2 other measurements of resilience: the 14-item Resilience Scale by Wagnild & Young (1993) and the Hardy–Gill Resilience Scale.

The Lee Kum Sheung Center for Health and Happiness at the Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health lists a repository of Resilience Measures which is a helpful resource for measures of psycho-social resilience. The Center has also compiled a list of Academic Review Papers of Resilience Measures.