We’ve compiled some short distributables about improving classroom climate.
General departmental guidelines [pdf]
- Given the broader diversity in the graduate student population than in the faculty population, the seminar committee is asked to invite graduate student nominations for the departmental seminar series both directly when solicitations go out and through the topical series that occasionally have speakers in the regular department series slot.
- The subgroups and seminar committee are asked to assess the pool of invitees for gender diversity.
- One or more speakers should be selected per year that serve as role models for BioGrads, in a manner identified by the current pool of BioGrads.
- Reserve one slot for a paired science/ diversity (perhaps WiS, perhaps other dimensions of diversity) talk/ panel. BioGrads and BMU (with BioGrads taking the lead role) will manage the invitation process in consultation with the chair. Efforts should be made to advertise events to undergrads through biomajors listservs and related courses.
- Encourage broader engagement of all faculty and students with WiSE and other groups devoted to diversity in science.
- Encourage faculty and graduate TAs to participate in training related to implicit bias in the classroom, for example the Teaching for Equity Fellows Program (http://admin.trinity.duke.edu/teaching-for-equity). Include implicit bias training as part of routine TA training.
- Encourage faculty and TAs to adopt classroom practices that mitigate implicit bias, including anonymized grading, modeling in course materials (eg, diverse examples and exemplars in lectures) and management of classroom dynamics (eg, who is called on, who speaks, how instructor responds).
- At least once every two years, have full faculty meeting event related to biases or related topics, with guest speaker/ presenter if appropriate
- Encourage faculty and TAs to take implicit bias online tests, such as https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/takeatest.html
- Discuss importance of diversity in hiring in faculty meeting and BioGrads meeting and discuss studies showing implicit biases in standard approaches
- Hiring committee training/ composition
- Search committee get advice from Office of Institutional Equity/ Ben Reese
- Possibly also have student representative (perhaps not seeing letters)
- Consider minimizing bias in the selection process by conducting first round of search without names. Solicit redacted CVs and anonymize associated teaching & research statements. Keep names and contact information confidential until after search committee makes first round of selection, before solicitation of letters.
- If short-list for faculty candidates exhibits noticeable underrepresentation of women/ minorities, justification required
- Develop formula for short-list selection and compare gender/ racial distribution of formulaic short-list to actual committee short-list. Committee also revisits high-ranking individuals from traditionally underrepresented groups to check if missed strong candidates.
UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAM FEEDBACK
- Sponsor regular feedback events (eg, ‘Donuts for Diversity’) for undergraduates. Coordinate events with departmental seminars/workshops, e.g., have special session for undergraduates with invited speakers, schedule feedback sessions to follow departmental events.
Guidelines and Tips for the Classroom [pdf]
Many of our faculty and TAs in Biology have expressed an interest in inclusivity, so here are a few SUPER-easy steps to foster an inclusive classroom environment. None of these are enforced by the department or administration, but they are things to consider.
1) Introduce yourself to the class via e-mail before the first lecture, and ask for input on learning. Give an example of how your background affects your teaching or learning style (especially any challenges), and explicitly invite students to let you know if there are any circumstances shaping their learning experience of which you need to be aware. This is preferable to waiting for them to give you their SDAO forms. You can even invite students to let you know about their learning styles.
2) Carefully select names & photos used in your fictional examples to represent diversity. If every hypothetical example or quiz question refers to names like Biff and Muffy, and there are never examples using Juan, María, Malquon, Lakeisha, Quan, or Chenqi, then it’s easy to see why some students may feel like they don’t quite belong. Photos/ drawings of people should also represent diversity and avoid stereotypes (e.g., examples of poor/sick consistently being from traditionally underrepresented races).
3) Use “they” as a generic third-person singular pronoun in class, and tell students ahead of time that you’ll do this consistently and why (avoiding gender assumptions). Do this when referring to students in the class as well as for examples given. Also avoid “he or she” given the assumption of binary genders.
4) Identify at least a few examples over the semester of outstanding scientists who are not white, cis-gendered heterosexual men. Don’t make this too forced, but one can, for example, highlight contributions from & struggles faced by Rosalind Franklin, or passingly mention that Doug Futuyma dedicated an older version of his Evolution textbook to his partner Bruce, or assign students to watch Scott Edwards’ (who is African-American) YouTube video on gene trees.
5) Reach out to students with a positive stance on diversity, and repeat after any hate-related incidents on campus or nationally. Place a statement on diversity in the materials you distribute at the beginning of class (e.g., in the syllabus), and refer back to it if any incidents occur both in class and via e-mail, also offering to chat.
6) Remember that some of your students may not lean liberal. Avoid stereotyping conservatives as intolerant, uneducated, or dumb, and remember some conservative- (as well as liberal-) leaning students may have had challenging backgrounds.
7) Listen more carefully, respond more carefully, and engage students more. Your experience may not be the same as some of your students. Recognize that your view of the world is not the only view of the world, and only by listening can you gain an understanding of their perspective.
In addition, below are some resources from a variety of unique perspectives designed to make classrooms more inclusive. These tips are applicable across levels of teaching and relevant to instructional practices beyond the Duke Biology Department.
Kimberly D. Tanner in CBE — Life Sciences Education: “Structure Matters: Twenty-One Teaching Strategies to Promote Student Engagement and Cultivate Classroom Equity“
University of Michigan: “Creating Inclusive College Classrooms“
Dr. Bryan Dewsbury: “The Whole Classroom” (video)
Have a recommendation for another awesome resource for fostering inclusivity in the department or classroom? Let us know!