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Entry Points for Considering Ecosystem S...

Entry Points for Considering Ecosystem Services within Infrastructure Planning: how to integrate conservation with development in order to aid them both

Lisa Mandle, Benjamin P. Bryant, Mary Ruckelshaus, Davide Geneletti, Joseph M. Kiesecker, Alexander Pfaff Conservation Letters 2015 (online 9/28, doi 10.1111/conl.12201) New infrastructure is needed globally to support economic development and improve human well-being. Investments that do not consider ecosystem services (ES) can eliminate these important societal benefits from nature, undermining the development benefits infrastructure […]

Realistic REDD: Improving the Forest Imp...

Realistic REDD: Improving the Forest Impacts of Domestic Policies in Different Settings

Alexander Pfaff, Gregory S. Amacher, Erin O. Sills Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, volume 7, issue 1, winter 2013, pp. 114–135 doi:10.1093/reep/res023 This article, which is part of a symposium on the economics of REDD, identifies three common settings for forest loss involving different types of decision-making agents that operate under different markets and […]

Protecting forests, biodiversity, and th...

Protecting forests, biodiversity, and the climate: predicting policy impact to improve policy choice

Alexander Pfaff, Juan Robalino Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Volume 28, Number 1, 2012, pp. 164–179 Policies must balance forest conservation’s local costs with its benefits—local to global—in terms of biodiversity, the mitigation of climate change, and other eco-services such as water quality. The trade-offs with development vary across forest locations. We argue that considering […]

Policy Impacts on Deforestation: Lessons...

Policy Impacts on Deforestation: Lessons Learned from Past Experiences to Inform New Initiatives

Alexander Pfaff, Erin O. Sills, Gregory S. Amacher, Michael J. Coren, Kathleen Lawlor, Charlotte Streck Report from the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University (with the support of the Packard Foundation) National and international efforts within the last few decades to reduce forest loss, while having some impact, have failed to substantially slow […]

Global protected area impacts

Global protected area impacts

Lucas N. Joppa, Alexander Pfaff Proceedings of the Royal Society B 2010 doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.1713 Protected areas (PAs) dominate conservation efforts. They will probably play a role in future climate policies too, as global payments may reward local reductions of loss of natural land cover. We estimate the impact of PAs on natural land cover within each […]

Indigenous Lands, Protected Areas, and S...

Indigenous Lands, Protected Areas, and Slowing Climate Change

Taylor H. Ricketts, Britaldo Soares-Filho, Gustavo A.B. da Fonseca, Daniel Nepstad, Alexander Pfaff, Annie Petsonk, Anthony Anderson, Doug Boucher, Andrea Cattaneo, Marc Conte, Ken Creighton, Lawrence Linden, Claudio Maretti, Paulo Moutinho, Roger Ullman, Ray Victurine PLoS Biol 2010 8(3): e1000331. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000331 Forest clearing and degradation account for roughly 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions, more […]

Reassessing the forest impacts of protec...

Reassessing the forest impacts of protection: The challenge of nonrandom location and a corrective method

Lucas Joppa, Alexander Pfaff Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1185 (2010) 135–149 Protected areas are leading tools in efforts to slow global species loss and appear also to have a role in climate change policy. Understanding their impacts on deforestation informs environmental policies. We review several approaches to evaluating protection’s impact on deforestation, given three hurdles […]

High and Far: Biases in the Location of ...

High and Far: Biases in the Location of Protected Areas

Lucas N. Joppa, Alexander Pfaff PLoS ONE 2009 4(12): e8273. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008273 Background: About an eighth of the earth’s land surface is in protected areas (hereafter ‘‘PAs’’), most created during the 20th century. Natural landscapes are critical for species persistence and PAs can play a major role in conservation and in climate policy. Such contributions may […]

Behavior, Environment, and Health in Dev...

Behavior, Environment, and Health in Developing Countries: evaluation and valuation

Subhrendu Pattanayak, Alexander Pfaff Annual Review of Resource Economics (2009) 1:183–217 We consider health and environmental quality in developing countries, where limited resources constrain behaviors that combat enormously burdensome health challenges. We focus on four huge challenges that are preventable (i.e., are resolved in rich countries). We distinguish them as special cases in a general […]