Sexual violence has been found to be the most common form of violence against women in Haiti. Not only is it the most common form of violence, but also in comparison to other Caribbean countries—the Dominican Republic and Jamaica—sexual violence seems to happen at a greater frequency in Haiti.
|Country||% ever experienced||% experienced in the last 12 months|
In this graph, it is demonstrated that sexual violence only accounted for 29% of violence reported in Haiti. The next most prevalent form of violence was physical violence only, accounting for 19%. On the other hand, in the Dominican Republic, just sexual violence accounted for only 2% of violence.
What accounts for sexual violence being the most prevalent form of violence against women in Haiti? One explanation is the acceptance of wife beating within families. Research has found a positive correlation between sexual violence and acceptance of wife beating. In Haiti, there may be a greater acceptance of wife beating than in many other LAC countries. In one study from 1996 found that 80% of male participants believed violence against women was justified in certain circumstances, such as when the wife leaves the house without letting the husband know where she is going or does not obey the husband’s commands.