J. Aquat. Plant Manage 38: 78-81 (2000)
A study led by Robert P. Creed, Jr., of Appalachian State University investigates the use of biological control to restrain the spread of Myriophyllum spicatum, better known as the Eurasian watermilfoil. This aquatic plant has invaded lakes across North America, and scientists are examining the effects of the North American weevil (Euhrychiopsis lecontei) on watermilfoil on 4 environmental levels ranging from the individual plant to entire geographic regions. On the smallest scale, that of an individual plant, weevil larvae damage meristems, which hinders stem growth, and both larvae and pupae injure vascular tissue, preventing roots from getting nonstructural carbohydrates. Also, scientists found that weevils can make watermilfoil beds collapse in lakes, but the precise weevil density to cause this is uncertain. More research concerning aquatic predators, the nutrient content in sediment, and the regional climate is necessary. Creed concludes that further investigation is crucial at all four spatial levels to determine the efficacy of weevil biocontrol on watermilfoil.